IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM)

Volume 4 - Issue 3

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Tourism in Tamil Nadu – Governmental Policy and Strategy
Country : India
Authors : Sheeba Julius
: 10.9790/487X-0430103      logo
Abstract:Tourism is travelling for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes with a view to enhancing the knowledge and widening the wisdom of an individual. Tourism in today's world is no more a luxury or mere sight seeing. This has been made possible by the recent advances in transportation and information technology, which has enabled tourists to reach even the remotest parts of the earth by spending much less. Tourism in India was seen as a mere service sector for a long time. It has now been recognized as an export industry due to its multiple advantages. Though Tourism gained importance belatedly, it has grown at a rapid pace and enhanced its share in international tourist arrivals as well as in foreign exchange earnings. In recent years, tourism has become a priority sector in the State. This is reflected in higher budget allocations, growing partnership efforts between the public and private sectors, increased tourist arrivals, vibrant and vigorous promotion efforts, etc. the emphasis is to make Tourism a mass movement and a prime mover for promoting entrepreneurship, poverty reduction and economic development. The department of Tourism, Government of India has been assisting the states for the development of tourist infrastructure through the central financial assistance schemes. The far-sighted approach of creating affordable infrastructure, exploring new markets and focused marketing have contributed to sustained growth as far as Tamil Nadu is concerned.
[1] Akhtar, Javaidv, Tourism Management in India, Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, 1985
[2] Chopra, Sunita, Tourism and Development in India, Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi, 2003.
[3] National action plan for tourism, government of India, Ministry of civil Aviation and tourism, New Delhi, May 2009.
[4] Tourism and Culture Department Policy Note 2005-06
[5] Tourism and Culture Department Policy Note 2008-09

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : To Identify Various Parameters Leading to the Growth of Dental Care Products in Indian Market
Country : India
Authors : Abdullah Bin Junaid, Mohammed Imran Khan, Mohd Usman Mansoori,
Mohammad Zameer, Syed Jahangir Ali
: 10.9790/487X-0430412      logo
Abstract:The study focuses on the survey on dental care products through various specialized doctors who were practicing in reputed hospitals of Delhi. Doctors surveyed under the study were BDS and MD as well. This survey was carried out to find out the various factors which are associated with dental therapy and to find out various hurdles that come into its acceptance. The Global Industry Analyze the global market for Dental Supplies to reach upto US$19.4 billion by the year 2017. This study has been done through face to face conversation with eighty dentists specialized in their field and who were prescribing dental products, in different hospitals of Delhi. These interviews were beneficial in comparatively analyzing the pros and cons of dental therapy and its methods of drug administration. A randomized controlled trial was done to evaluate the impact of dental therapy. The data collected by the survey of 80 dentists was analyzed by different tests of SPSS (Statistical Software for Social Science) version 16. Results of the study indicate that the major practicing group comprises of independent dentist working in private clinic, so individual sales effort should also target these dentist apart from institutional selling. The two classes of drugs namely antibiotics and Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs are the most important group to be target as they are used most frequently by the dentists.
Keywords- Dental Industry, Dental Products, Indian Dental Market, Oral Healthcare
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Situational And Contingency Theories Of Leadership: Are They The Same
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Dr (Mrs.) Otaroghene Peretomode
: 10.9790/487X-0431317      logo
Abstract: This paper is a positional, theoretical paper that explains comprehensively the all powerful but ambiguous concept of leadership, highlights its features and the categorization of its major theoretical approaches. It distinguishes clearly the two categorizations that neophytes and even scholars often used interchangeable as if both are the same. These broad categories are the situational and contingency theories of leadership. This distinction, it is believed, enables students to understand clearly the theories under each category but more importantly, it helps officials in Ministries of Education in developing countries to act most appropriately in a timely manner in intervening in worsening school administration with success in view.
Key Words: Administration, Consideration, Contingency theories, Leadership, Management, Maturity level, situational models, the behavioural approach, the 'great man' approach, the style approach, task – oriented, initiating structure,.
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Customer Satisfaction with Network Performance of BSNL and AIRTEL Operating In Gwalior Division (M.P.)
Country : India
Authors : Dr. R. C. Upadhyaya, Vashundhra Sharm
: 10.9790/487X-0431821      logo
Abstract:In the today's competitive world communication plays a very important role. Communication has become an integral part of the growth, success and efficiency of any business. This is the technology that gives a person the power to communicate anytime, anywhere. Due to advancement in technology, now communication becomes easy and faster. In this research paper, special emphasis has been laid over the comparative analysis of telecom companies AIRTEL and BSNL by using primary sources of data in Gwalior division of madhyapradesh . For the completion of efficient research work, descriptive and exploratory research design has been used which further conclude that BSNL is having weak Network performance as compared to Airtel . Trends of previous 5 years in Gwalior division have shown that BSNL Company has slowly deteriorated its position.
Keywords: Wireline, Wireless, Broadband , DOT, MTNL, VSNL
[1] Dr. Sarika .R. Lohana (2012)," Customer Respond And Satisfaction Against Marketing Strategies Of Selected Cellular Service
Providers In Nanded City" International Journal of Multidisciplinary Management Studies, Vol.2 Issue 3, March 2012, ISSN 2249
(JANUARY 2011) ISSN 2229-4104
[3] Malik V. (2010): "The New Marketing Border" The Journal of AIMA, Vol. 49, Issue 10, pp.82-84.
[4] Internationalisation in the telecommunications services industry: Literature review and research agendaOriginal Research Article
telecommunications Policy, Volume 32, Issue 8, September 2008, Pages 531-544 Nejc M. Jakopin
[5] Business customer's satisfaction What happens when suppliers downsize? Original Research Article Industrial Marketing
Management, Volume38,Issue3, April2009, Pages283-299Jeffrey E. Lewin
[6] Mobile phone feature preferences, customer satisfaction and repurchase intent among male users Original Research Article
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ), Volume 19, Issue 4, November 2011, Pages 238-246 Matti Haverila

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Determinants of Employee Motivation - A Case Study of Afroze Textile Industries Limited, Karachi, Pakistan
Country : Pakistan
Authors : Ghulam Muhammad, Ubedullah Memon
: 10.9790/487X-0432225      logo
Abstract:The purpose of this case study is to explore the employees' motivational practices in the Afroze Textile Industries, Karachi , Pakistan. This case study consists of primary and secondary sources of data via structured interviews, questionnaires, research articles , books and reports. In this research, convenient sampling style has been adopted with sample size of 50 respondents from middle and top level of employees. The result shows that the employees of the Afroze Textile Industries are not satisfied with motivational practices adopted by the company. More than 70% employees think that only financial rewards are the main source of motivation. Just 10% employees are satisfied with the current performance appraisal system and they have fear of job security. Majority of employees are not involved in the decision making process. The finding also explores that more than 90% employees are happy with their co-workers' behavior and 80% are satisfied with health and safety measures adopted by the management which is a good sign. This case study will help the management of the Afroze Textile Industries to know the motivation level of their employees and best motivational practices thinking by the employees to get the maximum output. For future research, it is recommended to increase the sample size and include other textile companies for better findings.
Key words: Motivation, Financial Rewards, Performance Appraisal, Job Security, Health and Safety.
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Debt and Credit Principle in Culture Toraja Ethnic "Rambu Solo'": A New Perspective Non Contractual
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Chalarce Totanan
: 10.9790/487X-0432631      logo
Abstract:The paper aim to proposes modelling the social transformation process the relationship between behavioral of Toraja people in debt and credit principle non contractual in culture Toraja ethnic "rambu solo'." The study aims to expand the domain of agency theory with opportunistic perspective in human nature become a new perspective behaviour of human related aspects culture. The paper opted for an exploratory concept using the open-ended approach of fenomenology with observation on fenomena in Toraja ethnic culture. The paper provides empirical insights about how people in Toraja brought insight about internal trustwothy of inter individual in practice debt and credit not make contract or any document. It suggests that successful example act as integrating spiritual to inspire how the people not always needed contractual for all transaction. Because of the research approach and limitation of obeservation just in Toraja, the research results may lack general is ability. Therefore, researchers have of opportunity to conduct further research. This paper to an identify need to study how trustworthy supportive behaviour of people to helping together and build truthfulness. Implications this paper for discource of the development truthfulness of people and of trustworthy, caring and for managing behavior between lender and borrower.
Key Words: debt and credit, Toraja ethnic, rambu solo', agency theory, truthfulness, trustworthy
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Financial Economics, 305-360.
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Employees' Leadership Skills –Strategic Approach towards Organizational Stability
Country : Pakistan
Authors : Abdul Rahman Zaki, Syed Shabib ul Hasan, Mazher Manzoor
: 10.9790/487X-0433240      logo
Abstract:The purpose of the study aims to investigate employees' perceptions regarding their Leaders, managers and supervisor's emotional intelligence as well as transformational leadership and the possible relationships among emotional intelligence (EI), leadership, and desirable outcomes that impact the elements of emotional intelligence (EI) in organizations Design/Methodology - The study empirically analyzed the influence of EI, as measured by Mayer Salovey Caruso emotional understanding test (MSCEIT), for organizational outcomes; the well recognized expertise of a leader to forecast those results, and the relationship among EI and transformational leadership. Further the Data were assembled via questionnaires in a sequence of personally organized meetings considering, subordinates' insights for the following: supervisors' emotional intelligence; and transformational leadership. Observation methods were also used.
Key Words:Comparative tests, Emotional Intelligence (EI), Leadership, Organizational Performance
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Reforms in Rural Credit Cooperatives in India
Country : India
Authors : Sharad N. Bansal, Dr. Shradha H. Budhedeo, Mr. Girish Thakkar
: 10.9790/487X-0434145      logo
Abstract:Rural credit cooperative system in India is world's largest rural financial systems. During the past over hundred years, these credit cooperatives have witnessed many successes and failures. For a long time, cooperatives have been plagued by numerous problems such as undue government interference, poor governance and management, high overdues and lack of deposits, financial indiscipline and accumulating nonperforming assets. In response to that, a nationwide reform and revival exercise was initiated by the Government of India in 2004. This paper examines the important features and strategies of these reforms in short-term rural credit cooperatives in India..
Key Words: Cooperative Credit Societies Act, Impairment, Primary Agricultural Credit Societies, Rural Credit Cooperatives, Task Force
[1] ADB, India: Rural Cooperative Credit Restructuring and Development Program, Asian Development Bank, 2010.
[2] GoI, Package for Revival of Short Term Credit Cooperative Structure, Ministry of Finance, Government of India [GoI], 2006.
[3] Li and Parmar, Rural Credit Cooperatives in India, University of Virginia, Darden School of Business, Darden Case No. UVA-BP-
0521, 2007.
[4] NAFSCOB, National Federation of State Cooperative Banks Limited, India, 2010.
[5] Vaidynathan, Report of the Task Force on Revival of Rural Cooperative Credit Institutions, Government of India, Ministry of
Finance, New Delhi, 2004.
Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Internal-Migration of Chhattisgarh: Socio-Economic aspect
Country : India
Authors : Parvaze A. Lone, Naseer A. Rather
: 10.9790/487X-0434649      logo
Abstract:The present paper assesses the social and economic situation of people living in Chhattisgarh and the factors responsible for their migration to other towns and cities in search of better livelihood and better quality of life. The study of internal migration assumes special importance in any state in the process of development. By its very nature internal migration, that is the movement of people across smaller units within the state, is related to a process of change occurring within the social system. Migration is an important feature of human civilization. It reflects, human endeavor to survive in the most testing conditions both natural and manmade. Migration in India is in existence historically. In Chhattisgarh, counter insurgency measures such as the creation of a popular movement to resist naxalist groups, Salwa Judum, has led to the forcible displacement of people throughout Bhairamgarh, Geedam Bijapur areas, under police and administrative supervision. According to official estimates approximately 15,000 people from 420 villages are living as refugees in temporary camps. People have left behind their cattle and most of their household goods..
Key Words: Internal-migration, Salwa Judum, Chhattisgarh.
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