IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM)

Volume 8 - Issue 6

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Effectiveness of Voluntary Disclosure the Public Trust (Comparative Study of Successful Voluntary Disclosure on Corporate Cigarette)
Country : Indonesia.
Authors : Dra. Ec. Tri Lestari, M.Si.
: 10.9790/487X-0860106      logo

Abstract: The problem in this study is, Why conduct and management decision making voluntary disclosure, voluntary disclosure How is decision-making, affecting the securities company?, And how to determine the level of voluntary disclosure (the level of voluntary disclosure) in the annual report?., The purpose of this study was to determine how the decision-making voluntary disclosure decision-making of companies that have gone public, knowing what influences the decision making of managers in the voluntary disclosure enter price and knowing determining the level of voluntary disclosure (the level of voluntary disclosure) in the annual report. Methods of data analysis in this study was developed by Strauss and Corbin, a 33 element refers to voluntary disclosure. The result of the research show that, There is a tendency information of the estimation or planning of the company's target is not disclosed to public, for example: information of the sale estimation for the next coming year, information of the amount of cash flow the next coming year and so on.

Key Words: Effectiveness, Voluntary, Disclosure, Decision, The public trust.

[1]. Meek, Gary K. Clare b, Robert and Sidney J Gray. 1995. " Factor Influencing Voluntary Annual Report Disclosure by U.S. U.K. and Contenental European Multinational Corporation ". Journal of Inernational Business Studies 26 (third Quarter) 555-575.
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[7]. Developing Grounded Theory, on
[8]. Suripto, 1998, Kesalahan dalam Soal Mengelola Buku Jurnal; Tugas Riset Akuntansi; Tugas Riset Akuntansi; Tugas riset akuntansi;
[9]. Theodorus M. Tuananakotta , 2000,, Sumbangan akuntan dalam pemulihan sektor keuangan,
[10]. Hendriksen, 1990,,

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Conflict and Conflict Management
Country : India
Authors : Dr.Digvijaysinh Thakore
: 10.9790/487X-0860716      logo

Abstract: Conflict cannot be avoided since it is an inevitable aspect of work teams. Conflict may be defined as a struggle or contest between people with opposing needs, ideas, beliefs, values, or goals. Conflict on teams is inevitable; however, the results of conflict are not predetermined. Conflict might escalate and lead to nonproductive results, or conflict can be beneficially resolved and lead to quality final products. Therefore, learning to manage conflict is integral to a high-performance team. Although very few people go looking for conflict, more often than not. Conflict management involves acquiring skills related to conflict resolution, self-awareness about conflict modes, conflict communication skills, and establishing a structure for management of conflict in organizational environment. This paper presents types of conflict describe the benefits and detriments of conflict and present the causes of conflict. Strategies are also presented to prevent and to effectively manage conflict.

Key Words: Interpersonal conflict, Intrapersonal conflict, Smoothing, Confrontation, Super ordinate goals

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[4]. Blain, N. Goodman, J. & Lowenberg, J. (1987). Mediation, conciliation, and arbitration. Infernational Labour Review, 126: 179-198.
[5]. Bohannan, Paul (ed.) (1967). "Introduction": Law & Warfare: Studies in the Anthropology of Conflict. Pp xv-xiv. Austin: University of Texas Press.
[6]. Buron, J.W.(1987) Resolving Deep Rooted Conflict, Virginia, Centre for Conflict Resolution.
[7]. Colser, Lewis A. (1964). "Conflict". In A Dictionary of the Social Sciences (pp123-124).
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[9]. Collier, J. (1975). "Legal Process.‖ In Annual Review of Anthropology. Vol.4, pp.121- 143.Polo Alto: Annual Review INC.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Study on Women Empowerment through Self- Help Groups with Special Reference to Mettupalayam Taluk In Coimbatore District
Country : India
Authors : S.Thangamani ,S.Muthuselvi
: 10.9790/487X-0861724      logo

Abstract: Women empowerment is a process in which women challenge the existing norms and culture, to effectively promote their well being. The participation of women in Self Help Groups (SHGs) made a significant impact on their empowerment both in social and economical aspects This study addresses women empowerment through self help groups in Mettupalayam district of Tamilnadu . The information required for the study has been collected from both the primary and secondary sources A Random sampling method has been followed. Average and percentage analysis was carried out to draw meaningful interpretation of the results. Chi – Square test used to find whether the two attributes are associated or not. Garret ranking technique was used to find the reasons for joining the Self help group. The results of the study revealed that the SHGs have had greater impact on both economic and social aspects of the beneficiaries. Key words: Woman Empowerment, SHG, Mettupalayam, Tamilnadu.

BOOKS: [1]. Dr.S.P.Gupta, StatiscalMethods, Sultan hand and Sons Educational Publisher, New Delhi-2006. [2]. C.R.Kothari,Research,methodology method and techniques, New Age International (P) Ltd, Publishing New Delhi ,Ed-2004. [3]. Philip Kolter, Marketing Management, The Millanium Edition, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, Ed-2000. WEBSITE:
[5]. JOURNALS [6]. Indian journal of social welfare [7]. Kurkshetra [8]. Economic and political weekly magazine

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Study on Spiritual Effect of Memory, Related To Neural Science on Students of Professional Institutes at Indian Bop Segment
Country : India
Authors : Prof. (Dr.) Bhudhar Ranajan Chatterjee, Prof. (Dr.) Archana Lala
: 10.9790/487X-0862529      logo

Abstract: Anatomical analysis of Human Memory based on Neural Science, remains an area of great interest for scientists, from time immemorial. The current research may be a Pioneering effort in the area of religious traits of a student at the BOP segment and his capacity to learn. Students aspiring for Professional Education, such as Engineering, Management, belonging to low and mid-income group, are a confused lot. As many Researchers (Jaywalk, Karnani) vehemently argued, whether OPPORTUNITY really exits at the Bottom or Mid of the Pyramid, is of another issue and research, the present Research would endeavor to focus on the mid level of our society. C. K. Prahalad conceptualized and vehemently propagated BOP and stated that there lies a huge market of billions of people in Emerging Markets as potential customer, who earns less than $ 2 a day. Prof. Prahalad also advocated as ―we must stop thinking that these billion people are a drag on our economy, rather they are resilient and value-conscious consumers and an unforeseen door of opportunity may be opened. Creating Leaders at the BOP level through various successful experiments by ITC / AMUL/ JAIPUR RAGS / SHAKTI AMMAS – HLL/ICICI BANK –SHG and so on, are there in India. This Co-creation of Leadership culture has made a huge difference in Socio-economic fabric of rural India. Researchers, in this paper, would endeavor to find out empirically, if there is any Co-relation, between Spiritual effects on Student-mind and Memory at BOP segment in India.

Keywords: Anatomical, Neural, BOP, Opportunity.

[1]Fortune at the Bottom of Pyramid

Gurus on People Management HBR Marketing Theory

Marketing Research Consumer Behavior Vikalpa

(IIM – A) Decision (IIM – K)
Prof. C.K. Prahalad Prof. Sultan Kermally

March / April, 2009 Jan / March , 2009

The Journal of Marketing, Jan,84 Leon Schiffman 2003/March 2004/Oct


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Assessing Tourism Potentials for Rebranding Nigeria
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Charles E. Obeta, Prof. J. O. Onah Fnipr, Fnimn
: 10.9790/487X-0863036      logo

Abstract: The World Tourism organization (WTO) ranks tourism as one of the top 5 export resource for 83% of world countries and is also number one export earner for 38% of countries worldwide. But regrettably, Nigeria's abundant tourism resources and deposits have remained grossly under exploited thereby making the country to lose much of the gains most other notable tourist destinations draw from it. Outside the common economic gains made from tourism, Nigeria is evidently ignorant of so many others. This paper holds that apart from becoming Nigeria's viable alternative to oil, tourism can indeed become the country's global brand which would ultimately alter her current negative global image. As a global brand, tourism could therefore be used to rebrand or reposition Nigeria's corporate image. A tourism development circle model is developed along this line by the paper.

Key Words: Tourism, Brands, Branding, Rebranding, Image

[1]. Anikwe, F. I. (2007) "The Role of Community, Traditional And Religious leaders in Harnessing and Promoting tourism at the Grassroots" Being a paper Dehirered at the National Workshop on Grassroot Awareness on Tourism in Nigeria Organized by the National Institute For Hospitality & Tourism, held at Enugu, 12-14 September.
[2]. Egwu, U. E. (2007) "Managing the Image & Reputation of Nigeria Abroad: A critical Appraisal & Strategic Options For Success" in Public Relations Journal, A Biannual Journal of Nigeria Institute of Public Relations, Vol 3, No. 2.
[3]. UNEP (2008) "Economic Impacts of Tourism" In,
[4]. Okafor, R. C. (2007) "Tourism: A Tool for Poverty Alleviation", Being a Paper Delivered at the National Workshop on Grassroots Awareness on Tourism in Nigeria of Enugu, 12-14 September.
[5]. Bergh, B. C. & Katz, H (1999) Advertising Principle: Choice Challenge & Change, Illinois: NTC Publishing Group
[6]. Tench, R and Yeomans, L. (2006) Exploring Public Relations, England: Pearson Education Ltd.
[7]. Konecnik, M and Gartner, W. C. (2007) "Customer-Based Brand Equity, for Destinations" In Tourism Management Journal Vol. 27, Issue 5.
[8]. De Chernatony, T and McDonald, M. (2001) Creating Powerful Brands in Consumer, Service and Industrial Markets, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.
[9]. Morgan, A (1999). Eating the Big Fish: How Challenger Brands can Compete Against Brand Leaders. New York & Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
[10]. Onyia, P. (2008) "Why Brands Fail-The "New Coke‟ Example" in The Spectator, August, 15-21.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Study on Retail Service Quality with Special Reference to Kanyakumari District
Country : India
Authors : G.Rajesh Babu
: 10.9790/487X-0863742      logo

Abstract: The key determinant of the business performance in service industry is the service quality. In this paper an attempt has been made to study the retail service quality in Kanyakumari District with the help of instrument. The instrument used to measure service quality is the one developed by Dalholkar, (1996). This paper identifies five important dimensions in retail service quality as 'Personal Interaction', 'Reliability', 'Policy', 'Physical Assets' and 'Problem Solving'. The results reveal that retail outlets in Nagercoil and Marthandam are better in providing retail service quality than the retail outlets in other towns of Kanyakumari District. The important determinants of retail service quality gap among the customers is their level of education, occupation and age.

Key words : Service quality, Retail outlet, Service Quality Gap

[1]. Baher, J., Grewal, D. and Prasuraman, A., (1994), "The Inference of store environment of on quality interferences and store image", Journal of Academy of Marketing Science 22 (Fall), pp.328-339.
[2]. Cronin, J.J., and S.A.Taylor, (1992), "Measuring Service Quality: a re-examination and extension", Journal of Marketing, 56 (3), pp.55-68.
[3]. Cunningham, Dianne and Winn Hornby (1993), "Pricing decision in Small farms: Theory and Practices", Management decisions, 31(7), pp.46-55.
[4]. Dabholkar, P.A., Thorpe, DI and Dentz, J.O. (1996), "A measure of Service Quality for retail stores: Scale Development and validation", Journal of Academy of Marketing Science, 24(1), pp.3-16.
[5]. Darshan Parik, (2002), "Measuring Retail Service Quality: An Emprical Study in a developing Country", South Asian Journal of Management, 12(2), April – June, pp.43-57.
[6]. Reichheld, F.F., and Sasser, Jr., W.C, (1990), "Zero Defections: Quality Comes to Services", Harward Business Review, 68(5), pp.105-111.
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[8]. Handler, Douglas, P., (1996), "Pricing Strategies becoming Crucial", Super Market Business, September, 28.
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[10]. Oliver, R., (1981), "Measurement and Evaluation of Satisfaction Processes in Retail Settings", Journal of Retailing, 57(Fall), pp.25-48.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Problems and Prospects of Commodity Futures Broking: A Depositary Participants Survey in East and West Godavari Districts of Andhra Pradesh INDIA
Country : India
Authors : Dr V.V.Ratnaji Rao Chowdary
: 10.9790/487X-0864345      logo

Abstract: The latest buzzword in the financial literature is "Derivatives" the birth of which is traced back to 1973 when Fisher and Myron Scholes published an article on European Call Option valuation. In the last decade, many emerging and transition economies have started introducing derivative contracts. As was the case when commodity futures were first introduced on the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) in 1865, policy makers and regulators in these markets were concerned about the impact of futures on the underlying cash market. One of the reasons for this concern was the belief that futures trading attract speculators, who can destabilize spot prices.

[1]. NCFM (Commodity Market Module)
[2]. Report of the Working group on commodity futures, Department of Banking Operations and development (Mumbai 2005)
[3]. Economic times
[4]. NICR Learning portal
[5]. N.D.Vohra, B.R.Bagri, Futures, Options and Other Derivatives, Tata McGraw Hill.
[6]. Gupta, S.L., Financial Derivatives, Prentice Hall of India.
[7]. J.C.Hull, Futures, Options and Other Derivatives, Prentice Hall of India.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Effect Characteristics of Satisfactory Quality Website Users Website E-Elang.Jatimprov Procurement of Goods / Services Provincial Government in East Java
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Suharyanto, Kristinah, Dr. Priyono, MM
: 10.9790/487X-0864653      logo

Abstract: A number of organizations / companies fail to effectively utilize the website, it shows that the website should be carefully designed to need to attract customers / users. The purpose of this study was to assess and to demonstrate empirically the effect of simultaneous characteristics of website quality on user satisfaction of e-lelang.jatimprov and to assess and demonstrate empirically the effect of partial characteristics of website quality on user satisfaction of e-auction website. jatimprov.. The method of analysis used in this study using Binary Logistic regression and Based on the results of multiple linear regression analysis, Content, Design, Ac-cessibility and User Friendly affect user satisfaction of e-lelang.jatimprov East Java Province

Keyword: Website, e-auctions, Content, Design, Accessibility, User Friendly, User Satisfaction.

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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Cause related marketing campaigns and Charity Influence on consumer purchase intentions
Country : India
Authors : Raies Ahmad Mir*, Sheeraz A Thokar**, Mudasir A Mir
: 10.9790/487X-0865459      logo

Abstract: Many companies are linking themselves to worthwhile causes to exercise their social responsibility and build more positive images,. These days every product seems to be tied with some cause. Companies now sponsor dozens of cause-related campaigns each year. Many are backed by large budgets and a full complement of marketing activities.The findings indicate that consumer purchase intentions are influenced by the charity with cause-related marketing campaigns. Furthermore it was observed that the brand awareness and charity partially mediate the impact of CRM campaigns on consumer purchase intentions. An initial conceptualization was developed from mainstream literature to be validated through empirical research. The conceptualization was then tested with primary quantitative survey data collected from students studying in different colleges of Kashmir Division of state J&K. Correlation and regression analysis were used to test the key hypothesis derived from literature positioning brand awareness and charity mediating the relationship between CRM and consumer purchase intentions.

Key Words: Cause-related Marketing, Charity, Purchase Intentions, Corporate Image, Brand awareness, Kashmir.

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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Determinants of Investment Decisions among Agribusiness Investors in South-East, Nigeria
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Nwibo, S. U. and Alimba, J. O.
: 10.9790/487X-0866067      logo

Abstract: The determinants of investment decisions among agribusiness investors in Southeast, Nigeria were studied. The study employed a combination of multistage and purposive sampling techniques in the collection of data from three hundred and sixty (360) agribusiness investors using structured questionnaires. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to realise the objectives of the study. The results of the analysis show that the investors are within their active age (40 -59 years) and are actively involved in farm input supply (60%), farm processing (55%), and marketing/distribution (54%). It was equally observed that investors whose annual income ranges between N501,000.00 – N1,000,000.00 invested more in farm input supply while investors with annual income of between N101,000 – N500,000 invested more in farm production, processing and distribution of agricultural products. With the Chi-square (χ2) value of 9368.836 and the Pseudo R2 of 0.465 which was grater than the probability level 5% (P>0.05), the study revealed that the socio-economics characteristics of agribusiness investors in South East Nigeria have significant effect on determinants of investment decision. Meanwhile, study showed that apart from the socioeconomic characteristics of the investors; experience, source of investment capital, annual income, and household entrepreneurial history, inadequate start-up capital, business location, favourable government policy on entrepreneurship, experience in self employment, high rate of inflation, market size were at 5% (P>0.05) identified be the determinants of investment decision among agribusiness investors in Southeast Nigeria. The study further revealed that the interrelationship between the entrepreneur's marital status and gender (0.688*), annual income and level of education (0.622*), experience and level of education (0.739**), and household entrepreneurial history and individual experience (0.515*) have strong effect on the agribusiness investment decision. Based on the findings, the study recommended the provision of conducive investment climate for agribusiness investors. This entails the provision of those things that will attract both local and foreign direct investments into agribusiness sector. These include tax holidays, investment infrastructures, reduction in social vices such as kidnapping and activities of religious sect - boko haram.

Key words: Determinants, investment, decision, agribusiness, investors.

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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Markowitz Portfolio Model: Evidence from Dhaka Stock Exchange in Bangladesh
Country : Bangladesh
Authors : Mokta Rani Sarker
: 10.9790/487X-0866873      logo

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to construct an optimal portfolio by using Markowitz model. For this purpose the monthly closing prices of 164 companies listed in Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) and DSE all share price index for the period of July 2007 to June 2012 have been considered. The proposed method formulates an efficient set, selects portfolio having excess return to standard deviation ratio satisfying the constraint that the sum of proportions invested in the assets equals one. The optimum portfolio consists of twenty stocks selected out of 164 stocks, giving the return of 6.48%. The findings of this paper will be useful for policy makers, all kinds of investors, corporations and other financial market- participants.

Keywords- Return, Standard Deviation, Efficient Set, Optimum Portfolio, Markowitz Model.

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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The impact of compensation initiatives on sales force performance: A case study of the insurance industry in the Southern region, Zimbabwe.
Country : Zimbabwe
Authors : Marumbwa John, Makore Albert, Mudondo Chenjerai David
: 10.9790/487X-0867479      logo

Abstract: This research paper examines the impact of compensation initiatives on sales force performance using a descriptive research design to conceptualize recommendations to use in designing sales force compensation. The links between monetary and non-monetary compensation initiatives are further investigated to establish their impact on sales performance and sales force turnover. A structured questionnaire was personally administered to collect primary data from a sample of 50 respondents purposefully selected. It was concluded that both monetary based compensation incentives and non-monetary incentives do not necessarily influence sale force performance. However, monetary based compensation incentives directly influences sales force turnover whilst non-monetary incentives do not necessarily influence sales force turnover.

Key words: compensation, compensation packages, sales force performance, insurance industry

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[3]. Albers, S, Mantrala, M, & Sridhar, S 2010, 'Personal Selling Elasticities: A Meta-Analysis', Journal Of Marketing Research (JMR), 47, 5, pp. 840-853
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A study on factors affecting job satisfaction of Telecommunication industries in Bangladesh
Country : Bangladesh
Authors : Ethica Tanjeen
: 10.9790/487X-0868086      logo

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the level of job satisfaction of employees in telecommunication industries in Bangladesh. Job satisfaction is the degree of favorableness towards his or her job. This paper discusses the factors that influence job satisfaction. These factors are working condition, job security, autonomy or freedom, relationship with colleagues, relationship with superior, promotion and pay. This research is done to explore the importance of factors that affects job satisfaction. Telecommunication sector is selected for this research as their business is running successfully in all aspects. This study is based on questionnaire method. A sample of 82 employees of different company's is taken to conduct this study. This paper explains various factors of job satisfaction from the perspective of employees in the selected telecommunication industries.

Keywords: Employee satisfaction, factors, job satisfaction, telecommunication industries.

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