IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE)

5th National Conference on Recent Developments in Mechanical Engineering [RDME-2016]

Voulme 4

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Fatigue Life of Dental Implant- A Review
Country : India
Authors : U.R.Patil || P.N.Dhatrak || B.M.Shinde
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008040401-05      

Abstract: The reliability and stability of the implant abutment and implant-bone interfaces plays a great role for evaluation of the long-term success of a dental implant. In general, fatigue life depends on many factor such as implant itself, physical properties of bone as well as on other morphological characteristics that are patient dependent.......

Keywords –Dental Implant, Fatigue Life, FEA.

[1] J.M. Ayllón, C. Navarro, J. Vázquez, J. Domínguez "Fatigue life estimation in dental implants" ELSEVIER Engineering fracture mechanics 2014, page 34-43
[2] P. Dhatrak, U. M. Shirsat, V. Deshmukh "Fatigue Life Prediction of Commercial Dental Implants Based on Biomechanical Parameters: A Review" Journal of Materials Science & Surface Engineering Vol. 3 (2), 2015, pp 221 -226
[3] M.A.L. Hernandez-Rodriguez, G.R. Contreras-Hernandez, A. Juarez-Hernandez , B. Beltran-Ramirez , E. Garcia-Sanchez "Failure analysis in a dental implant" Engineering failure analysis 57(2015),page 236-242
[4] H. T. Ilies¸D. Flanagan, "Determining the Fatigue Life of Dental Implants" Journal of Medical Devices, Vol. 2, No 1, March 2008.
[5] M.A. Pérez " Life prediction of different commercial dental implants as influence by uncertainties in their fatigue material properties and loading conditions" ELSEVIER Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 2012, 1277-1286


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Modal Analysis of Rectangular Plate with Lap Joints to Find Natural Frequencies and Mode Shapes
Country : India
Authors : M. Bhusnar || S. S. Sarawade

Abstract: The aim of this study is to analyze the dynamic behavior of structures like a rectangular plate, bolted lap joint, welded lap joint and single lap epoxy adhesive joint subjected to impact or shock loads using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and analytical methods. The various factors that affect the response of bolted, welded lap joint and adhesive joint structures are studied, such as natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratio etc. In this work the modal analysis of rectangular plates with different lap joints are investigated.......

Keywords –Modal Analysis, Rectangular Plate, Lap Joints, Natural Frequency, Mode Shapes, Cantilever, FEA

1. Ramu I and Mohanty S. C. Modal Analysis of functionally graded plates using finite element method, Procedia Materials Science 6 ( 2014 ) 460 – 467,
2. Marco Alfano, Leonardo Pagnotta, Determining the elastic constants of isotropic material s by modal vibration testing of rectangular thin plate, Journal of Sound and Vibration 293 (2006) 426–439, , Italy.
3. Kaushar H. Barad, D.S.Sharma, VishalVyas. Crack detection in cantilever beam by frequency based method, Procedia Engineering 51 ( 2013 ) 770 – 775,
4. A.Labib n, D. Kennedy, C. Feathersto , Free vibration analysis of beams and frames with multiple cracks for damage detection, Journal of Sound and Vibration, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK ,.
5. P. K. Jenaa, D. N. Thatoib, J. Nandab, D. R. K. Parhic, Effect of damage parameters on vibration signatures of a cantilever beam, International Conference on Modeling, Optimization and Computing (ICMOC 2012), April 10 - 11, 2012,

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Study and Analysis of Solid Waste Management Challenges and Options for Treatment (Indian Villages)
Country : India
Authors : M. S. Kadam || S. S. Sarawade
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008040415-22      

Abstract:Solid waste management is become a critical issue in Indian metros as well as rural areas. A challenge for the authorities in developing countries as the rate of generation of waste is very high. The impact of urban area's culture on the rural areas (villages) and improvement in paying capacity ? of rural people causes more solid waste generation in the villages.....

Keywords –Solid waste, Energy generation, Segregation. Recyclable, Disposal of waste.

[1] R Ajay Kumar Varma, "Technology options for treatment for municipal solid waste with special reference to Kerala." http// www.sanitation .Kerala .gov.in /pdf workshop/technoz.pdf
[2] P. syliem , " Handling of solid waste in Vietnam" http//www.vncold.vn.
R. K. Kausal , G. K..Varghese ," Municipal solid waste management in India current state and future challenges." International Journal of Engg. Science & Technology, .4 (4), 2012.

[3] S. Rathi," Optimization model for integrated municipal solid waste management in Mumbai, India." Environment and development Economics, 12 -2007.55.
[4] O. Schwarz-Herion, A. Omran, H. Rapp, "A case study on successful municipal solid waste management in Industrialized countries by the examples of Karesrule city."Journal of Engg annals of Faculty of Engg. Hunedoara-2008 Fascicule 3 ,(ISSN-1584-2873.
[5] K. Hadjibiros, D Dermatas, "Municipal Solid waste mgmt. & landfill site selection in Greece; Irrationality Versus efficiency " Globel Nest Journal 13(2),150-161, 2011.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Review on Retrofit Design and Static Analysis of 3-Axis Gantry System
Country : India
Authors : Y. L. Mane || B. B. Deshmukh

Abstract: In the world of high precision fast growing technology Retrofit Design concept for developing low cost high accuracy high precision machineries is required. It is also important to learn the environmental effect of product during the life cycle. In this paper a review of CNC machines, micro milling machines, retrofit design concept, Eco-design concept and design and analysis of CNC parts is presented.

Keywords - Retrofit, Eco-design, micro machines, deflection, finite element analysis

[1] G. Olundh, Modernizing Eco-Design: Eco-Design for innovative solution, Doctoral thesis, Dept. of Machine Design, Royal Institute
of Technology, SE-10044, Stockholm, 2006.
[2] K. Minolta CSR Report (2005), 10.
[3] Xerox (2003) "Because we can‟t remanufacture the earth"
[4] E. Gandarias, Micromilling Technology – Global review", Micro Manufacturing, 1-38.
[5] K. Rajurkar and M. Madou, Processes, 39-63.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Experimental Analysis of Heat Transfer Augmentation in Double Pipe Heat Exchanger using Tangential Entry of Fluid
Country : India
Authors : Hanumant Jagdale || Subhash Lahane
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008040429-34      

Abstract:In this work, the effect of heat transfer enhancement of swirl generator with tangential injection of fluid was examined. The five tangential injectors are placed such that they are equidistance along the length of pipe to improve the efficiency of heat transfer in concentric pipe heat exchanger the injectors are designed and placed such that it creates tangential flow in the pipe......

Keywords –Tangential entry of fluid, swirl flow, heat transfer augmentation, nozzles

[1] K Shailendhra, A. Devi, On the enhanced heat transfer in the oscillatory flow of liquid metals, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, 4, 2011, 57–62.
[2] S Vahidifar, M Kahrom, Experimental study of heat transfer enhancement in a heated tube caused by wire-coil and rings, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, 8 (4), 2015, 885-892.
[3] N Kumar, P Murugesan, Review of twisted tapes heat transfer enhancement, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 3 (4), 2012, 1-9.
[4] A Gupta, M Uniyal, Review of heat transfer augmentation through different passive intensifier method, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 1 (4), 2012, 14-21.
[5] S Babar, K Devade, Heat transfer enhancement in pipe in pipe heat exchanger with swirling flow: Review, International Journal for Scientific Research & Development, 3 (3), 2015, 990-995.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Some Investigations on Identifications of Defect in Windshields
Country : India
Authors : D. K. Dattasamje || N. A. Rawabawale, B.S.Alurkar

Abstract:Glass is a versatile material with more than hundreds of applications, including windshields. Glass has a long history and was first made more than 7,000 years ago in Egypt, as early as 3,000 B.C. Glass is found in a natural state as a by-product of volcanic activity. Today, glass is manufactured from a variety of ceramic materials (main components are oxides)....

Keywords -Windshield, Defects, De-lamination.

[1] Schlager - How Products Are Made - An Illustrated Guide to Product Manufacturing Vol. 1.
[2] T. Pyttel, H. Liebertz, and J. Cai, "Failure Criterion for Laminated Glass under Impact Loading and its Application in Finite Element Simulation". International Journal of Impact Engineering. 38. pp 252-263, 2011
[3] Y. Peng, J. Yang., C. Deck and R. Willinger "Finite element modeling of crash test behavior for windshield laminated glass". International Journal of Impact Engineering. 57. pp 27-35, 2013.
[4] L. Morello, L. R. Rosini, G. Pia and A. Tonoli, The Automobile Body Volume 1: Components Design. Springer Publication. New York, 2011.
[5] M. Timmel, S. Kolling, P. Osterrieder, and P.A. Du Bois, "A Finite Element Model for Impact Simulation with Laminated Glass", International Journal of Impact Engineering. 34. pp 1465-1478, 2007.

Paper Type : Review Paper
Title : Effect of Drilling Parameters for the Assessment of Roughness of Drilled Holes in Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic (GFRP)
Country : India
Authors : K. A. Jagtap || S. A. Kulkarni and A. S. Sangwikar
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008040442-47      

Abstract:Now a day, Glass Fibre-Reinforced Plastics (GFRP) are being widely used in diversity of engineering applications in many different areas such as aerospace, automotive and aircraft industries due to their light weight, high modulus, high specific strength and high fracture toughness. Drilling or Milling of GFRP composite material is a rather complex task owing to its heterogeneity and the number of problems, such as surface accuracy and delamination of drilled holes....

Keywords -GFRP composite, Surface roughness, CNC drilling, Taguchi DOE, ANOVA.

[1] H. Hocheng, C.C. Tsao, "Comprehensive analysis of delamination in drilling of composite materials with various drill bits", Journal of Material Processing Technology, 2003, 335–9.
[2] C.C. Tsaoa, H. Hocheng, "Evaluation of thrust force and surface roughness in drilling composite material using Taguchi analysis and neural network", Journal of materials processing technology 203, 342–348, 2008.
[3] P. Praveen Raj, and A. Elaya Perumal, " Taguchi Analysis of surface roughness and delamination associated with various cemented carbide K10 end mills in milling of GFRP", Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, 3, 2010, 58-64.
[4] Y. Guo Wang, C. Yu Sun, X. Ping Yan, K. Ren Jiang, "Study on the Surface Delamination in Milling Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic with PCD Tool", Advanced Materials Research, 31, 2011, 1-5.
[5] B. Ramesh, A.Elayaperumal, A. Joeprasad, R. Raja Ramnath, "Experimental Investigation And Statistical Analysis For Surface Finish And Ovality In Dry Drilling Of Nonlaminated GFRP Polymeric Composites Using Twist Drill", Int Journal of Science and Engg. Applications, 1,(2), 2012,120-126.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Contribution of Total Quality Management And Six Sigma to Achieve the Success in Terms of Quality
Country : India
Authors : P. Deolia || P.L. Verma || L. Bajpai

Abstract: The objective of this research paper is to grant a clear understanding of Total Quality Management & SIX SIGMA is helpful to the organizations to attain the success in terms of quality. This research paper contains the approaches of SIX SIGMA are DMAIC & DMADV.....

Keywords -Total Quality Management, implementation of TQM, DMADV,
DMAIC, six sigma and Quality.

[1] Demirbag, M., Tatoglu, E., Tekinkus, M. & Zain, S. ―An analysis of the relationship between TQM implementation and Organizational Performance.(2006).
[2] Flynn, B.B. and Saladin, B., "Relevance of Baldrige Constructs in an international context: A study of national Culture", 2006
[3] Goodman, J. and Theuerkauf, J.What's wrong with Six Sigma. (2005)
[4] Harold III, F.C., Carden, P. and Stephens, K. (2003) ‗Six Sigma', Six Sigma and Related Studies in the Quality Disciplines.
[5] KEDAR, A. P., LAKHE, R. R., DESHPANDE, V. S., WASHIMKAR, P. V. & WAKHARE, M. V. (2008).Magnusson, K., Kroslid, D. and Bergman, B. (2003) Six Sigma

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Review on Selective Laser Sintering: A Rapid Prototyping Technology
Country : India
Authors : K.R. Bakshi || A. V. Mulay
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008040453-57      

Abstract:The components which were assumed to be very difficult to produce or manufacture some years ago can now be made easily using additive manufacturing technology. Additive Manufacturing offers many advantages in the production of parts, presenting freedom for design with the ability to manufacture single or multiple components from a wide range of materials. Different techniques of additive manufacturing are entailed. Selective Laser Sintering as an additive manufacturing technology fuses or sinters the successive powder layers to produce the part....

Keywords -Selective laser Sintering, Rapid prototyping, Scan speed, powder deposition, grains

[1] S. Kumar, (2003). Selective laser sintering: a qualitative and objective approach. JOM, 55(10), 43-47.
[2] S. Singh, A. Sachdeva, and V. S. Sharma, Investigation of Dimensional Accuracy/Mechanical Properties of Part Produced by Selective Laser Sintering, International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering 2012. 10, 1: 59-68.
[3] D. V, Gheorghe, Study of selective laser sintering –A qualitative and objective approach, The Scientific Bulletin of VALAHIA University – MATERIALS and MECHANICS – Nr. 6 (year 9) 2011.
[4] V. K. Singh and N.S. Chauhan, An overview of rapid prototyping technology, IJAET International Journal of Application of Engineering and Technology, vol-2 no.-3, ISSN: 2395-3594.
[5] P.M. Pandey, Rapid prototyping technologies, applications and Part deposition planning.




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