IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE)

5th National Conference on Recent Developments in Mechanical Engineering [RDME-2016]

Voulme 5

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Modelling and Analysis of Flexure based Compliant Microgripper
Country : India
Authors : M.B.Patil || B.B.Deshmukh

Abstract: In the world of miniaturisation, Micro-systems Technology has proven their usefulness in the various fields, such as biomedical, material science, automotive etc. Typical micro system requires precise microgripper to achieve safe transport/handling of micro-sized objects. Handling of the components needs to consider the correct gripping force in order to protect the micro part from excessive gripping force. Here, a need of a device for measurement of gripping force is raised........

Keywords –Compliant Microgripper, Gripping Force, PRBM

[1]A.Nikoobin and M.HassaniNiaki, "Deriving and analyzing the effective parameters in microgrippers performance", ScientiaIranica (2012),pp. 1554-1563.

[2] L. L. Howell "Compliant Mechanisms" Mechanical engineering department Brigham Young University, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2001) pp. 1-180.

[3]Zubir, MohdNashrulMohd, and BijanShirinzadeh."Development of a high precision flexure-based microgripper." Precision Engineering 33.4 (2009): 362-370

[4] JayaramKaushik and SuhasS.Joshi ,"Development of a flexure-based, force-sensing microgripper for micro-object manipulation", Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 20, (2010), pp. 10

[5]BhagyeshDeshmukh,"Conceptual Design of A Compliant Pantograph",International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering,Vol.2,Issue8(2012)

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Structural Optimization of Excavator Bucket Link
Country : India
Authors : Ritesh Sarode || S. S. Sarawade

Abstract: The excavators are heavy duty earthmoving machines and normally used for excavation task. During the excavation operation unknown resistive forces offered by the terrain to the bucket teeth is transformed to the other parts. Excessive amount of these forces adversely affected on the bucket link and may be failed during excavation operation. Thus, it is very much necessary to provide not only a better design of parts having maximum reliability but also of minimum weight and cost, keeping design safe under all loading conditions........

Keywords –Excavator bucket link, Maximum breakout force, Optimization

[1] B. P. Patel, A Thesis on Design and Structural Optimization of Backhoe Attachment of Mini Hydraulic Excavator for Construction Work, Doctor of Philosophy, Shree Jagdishprasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University, Rajasthan, 2012.
[2] Bhaveshkumar P. Patel, Jagdish M. Prajapati "Structural Optimization of Mini Hydraulic Backhoe Excavator Attachment Using Fea Approach" Machine Design, No.1, ISSN 1821-1259, Vol.5 2013.
[3] Rahul Mishra, Vaibhav Dewangan "International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology" (IJSRET) ISSN 2278 – 0882 Volume 2 Issue2 pp 076-078 May 2013.
[4] Catalogue of 320D/D L Series 2 Hydraulic Excavator

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Analysis of Absorptive Muffler for Inductive & Resistive Damping
Country : India
Authors : P. B. Bhadke || K. A. Mahajan

Abstract: The analysis of mufflers has always been a great challenge. In this paper Glass wool as a absorptive material with different density has been used to analyze mufflers. This is used to evaluate the transmission loss. Results from the present approach have been validated through comparison with the finite element method (FEM) results using COMSOL 5.0. Two different muffler configurations are considered, representing the effects adding lining with different densities desired broadband attenuation performance can be achieved, from computational analysis it is observed that liner with different densities, to tackle different frequency regions, a desired attenuation performance can be achieved, thus offering wider scope in silencer design.

Keywords –Transmission loss, Acoustic liners,

[1] A. Selamet, F. D. Denia, and a. J. Besa, "Acoustic behavior of circular dual-chamber mufflers," Journal of Sound and Vibration. 265(5), 2003, 967–985.
[2] S. Bilawchuk and K. R. Fyfe, "Comparison and implementation of the various numerical methods used for calculating transmission loss in silencer systems," Applied Acoustics, 64, 2003, 903–916.
[3] R. Glav, P.-L. Regaud, and M. Åbom, "Study of a folded resonator including the effects of higher order modes," Journal of Sound and Vibration, 273, (4–5), June 2004, 777–792.
[4] R. Barbieri and N. Barbieri, "Finite element acoustic simulation based shape optimization of a muffler," Applied Acoustics, 67(4), April 2006, 346–357

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Experimental Studyon Performance Evaluation of Pin Fin
Country : India
Authors : A.A.Warty || A.K.Prajapat || K.D.Yadav || V.N. Kanawade || A.A.Keste || V.J. Sonawane || A.C. Mitra

Abstract: In modern engineering applications like air conditioning, cooling of nuclear reactor fuels, internal combustion engines as well as in electronic devices & solar energy applications, heat dissipation has been a major problem & a challenge to thermal engineers. In this paper, performance of pin fin of three different materials (Aluminium, Brass & stainless steel) is studied........

Keywords -Pin fin, LabVIEW, Efficiency, Heat Transfer, Natural convection

[1] Y. Joo, S. J. Kim, Comparison of thermal performance between plate-fin and pin-fin heat sinks in natural convection, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 83, 2015, 345-356.
[2] N. Sahiti, F. Durst, A. Dewan, Heat transfer enhancement by pin elements, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48, 2005, 4738–4747.
[3] S. Bahadure, G. Gosavi, Enhancement of Natural Convection Heat Transfer from Perforated Fin, International Journal Engineering Research, 3(9),2014, 531-535.
[4] K. Yang , W. Chu, A comparative study of the airside performance of heat sinks having pin fin configurations, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50(23-24), 2007, 4661–4667.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Waste Heat Recovery in Textile Industry: A Review
Country : India
Authors : V.J.Sonawane || A.A.Keste
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008050530-36      

Abstract: Textile industry grows at fast rate to cater the need of ever increasing population. It is energy intensive industry. It is observed that heat loss in various processes is very large. Currently, developing countries are facing problem of shortage of energy. Due to globalization, it is necessary to be competitive by reducing energy consumption. There is huge scope to recover waste heat energy in textile industry. Heat recovery gives economic benefit to the industry. Heat recovery system requires less investment and payback period is small.

Keywords –Waste heat recovery, steam, boiler, condensate, economical, payback period.

[1] Ministry of Power, India, "BEE PAT booklet", 2012, 1-9.
[2] K.M. Sherin, M G Prince, "Potential of Waste HeatRecovery in Textile Industries", Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 3(5), (2013), .324-328.
[3] P. F. Gorimar, "Report on Energy Audit at Creative Textile Mills Private Ltd. Vapi" , Date of Audit : 8-17 September,2009.
[4] K.l Elahee , " Heat recovery in the textile dyeing and finishing industry:lessons from Developing economies", Journal of Energy inSouthern Africa , 21(3), 2010.
[5] S. Sharma ,"Energy Management in Textile Industry", International Journal of Power System Operation and Energy Management, 2(1,2), 45-49.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Performance And Emission Analysis of waste vegetable oil on C.I. Engine
Country : India
Authors : A. S. Wagh || K. G. Nawandar || J.A. Patil || S. H. Gawande

Abstract: A design methodology for biodiesel production from waste cooking oil is proposed. The proposed method is flexible to the biodiesel process using various catalyst types: alkali and acid catalyst in homogenous and heterogeneous forms, and different process: enzyme process and supercritical process. A two-step approach of hydrolysis and esterification processes is also considered. Waste cooking palm oil consists of a mixture of triglyceride (e.g., trilaurin, tripalmitin, triolein, tristearin, trilinolein and trilinolenin) and free fatty acids e.g. palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic and linolenic acid).......

[1] Green Car Congress: ConocoPhillips Begins Production of Renewable Diesel Fuel at WhitegateRefinery,byGreencongress.
[2] Y.C. Sharma, B. Singh, S.N. UpadhyayAdvancements in development and characterizationof biodieselFuel 87 (2008) 2355–2373.
[3] Hayyan, M., Mjalli, F.S., Hashim, M.A., AlNashef, I.M., 2010. A novel technique for separating glycerine frompalm oil-based biodiesel using ionic liquids. Fuel Process. Technol. 91, 116–120.
[4] Sharp, C. A.; Howell, S. A.; Jobe, J. SAE Tech. Pap. Ser. 2000, No. 2000-01-1967.
[5] Tat, M. E.; Van Gerpen, J. H.; Soylu, S.; Canakci, M.; Monyen, A.; Wormley, S. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 2000, 77, 285-289.

Paper Type : Review Paper
Title : Computer Aided Simulation of Hydroforming Process
Country : India
Authors : S.B.Nandeppagoudar || S.S.Ghorpade || S.H.Gawande
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008050547-55      

Abstract: Modern manufacturing technology paternity is always finding some or the other alternative methods of manufacturing processes in hydroforming. Stream Hydroforming is one of the super fine metals forming process. From last four to five decades many applications have come in existence. Recently hydroforming has been applied in automotive components however it has many challenges such as metallurgical aspects of materials, tribological aspects, die design, non-availability of high pressure components for equipment manufacturing....

Keywords -Formability,High pressure, Hydroforming, Pre-forming, Sheet Hydroforming, Simulation

[1] J.E. Grey, A.P. Devereaux, W.N. Parker, Apparatus for making wrought metal T's, US Patent 2,203,868 June (1939).
[2] E.A. Davis, Yield and fracture of medium-carbon steel under combined stress, J. Appl. Mech. (1945) A13-A24.
[3] J.H. Faupel, Yield and bursting characteristics of heavy wall cylinders, Trans. ASME ( July 1956).
[4] B. Crossland, S.M. Jorgensen, J.A. Bones, The strength of thickwalled cylinders, ASME J. Eng. Ind. (May 1959).
[5] H. Dietmann, The ¯owbehavior of thick-walled cylinders under internal pressure, BanderBlecheRohre 8 (3) (1967) 143-149 (in German).

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Review of Package Dyeing System in Textile Industries
Country : India
Authors : N. L Yemul || P. R. Kulkarni

Abstract: This paper reviews the detailed study of package dyeing system used in textile industry. The literature review is carried on design and analysis of pressure vessel and pump incorporated in a package dyeing machine. In this paper the recent and past developments, theories on design of pressure vessel using ASME codes are presented, analysis of pressure vessel using PV-Elite and FEM software's are reviewed.

Keywords -ASME code, Analysis, Design, Package Dyeing System and Pressure Vessel

[1] Tanaji Dabade, Dr. Shivaji Gawade and Prof. Balaji Khune "Solapur textile industry an overview on marketing and financial problems" Zenith International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Volume.2 Issue 5, ISSN 2231 5780, May 2012
[2] P.R.Kulkarni, S.P.Kallulkar, "Improvement In Dyeing Process Parameters – A Case Study Of Solapur Based Textile SME", Avishkar – Solapur University Research Journal, Vol. 3, 2014
[3] Md. Tanjin Amin, "Overview of a Knit-Dyeing Factory with Necessary Production Formulas" Global Journal of Researches in Engineering: G Industrial Engineering Volume 14, Issue 1, Version 1.0, and 2014
[4] Tsui Tak Ming William, "Sample package dyeing machine" European Patent Application, Patent no EP 1990455A1, November 12th, 2008

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Analysis of Stresses in Bolted Flange - A Review
Country : India
Authors : M.J. Jagale || A. N. Surde

Abstract: The modern world depends largely on various mechanical components to survive, one of the components is flange and any pipe interconnection requires flange. Flanges are primarily used where a connecting or dismantling joint is needed. Flange joints may include joining pipe fittings, valves or any integral component within the piping system. This paper reviews on behaviour of bolted flange and its analysis.

Keywords -Bolted Flange, Flanges, mechanical components, Analysis

[1] G. Mathan and N. Siva Prasad , "Studies on gasketed flange joints under bending with anisotropic Hill plasticity model for gasket,"
International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping , 88, 495-500, 2011.
[2] M. Murali Krishna, M.S. Shunmugam,and N. Siva Prasad, A study on the sealing performance of bolted flange jointswith gaskets
using finite element analysis, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 84, (2007) 349–357
[3] M. Abid, and D.H. Nash, A parametric study of metal-to-metal contact flanges with optimized geometry for safe stress and no-leak
conditions, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 81 (2004) 67–74
[4] V.H.Vishwanath, S. J. Sanjay and V. B. Math, The Study Of The Behaviour Of Bolted Flanges With Gaskets, International
Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, 2(7), 2013.

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