Volume-3 ~ Issue-4
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Abstract: Nearly half of the total population in our country(India) are women while majority of them belong to rural area. These women are in a very deplorable condition which makes the whole society backward. They are always discriminated from womb to tomb. They are powerless not only politically but also socially and economically due to many causes such as illiteracy, poverty, ignorance, superstitions etc….etc….Women are considered as the weakest part of our society and they are always deprived social groups from all side. It is needless to acknowledge that women's literacy & education levels help secure social equality and human development, higher economic productivity and a tolerant democratic society which the National Policy on Education,1986 has identified as a challenge in India.
. Some News letters, Journals & News bulletins from SSA Mission, Assam.
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Abstract: This study examined the use of instructional materials and educational performance of students in Intergrated science in unity schools in Jalingo, Taraba state.The population consisted of 249 students in the junior section of Federal science and Technical college Jalingo .The researcher and one other teacher in the school used experimental design of the pre-test and post test sessions.The post –tests mean scores were compared using a Z-test statistical analysis.Findings revealed a statistical significant difference in the mean scores.
Key Words: Instructional materials,educational performance,Intergrated science,Unity schools
 Ogunleye, B.O. (2002). Towards the Optimal Utilisation and Management of Resources for the Effective Teaching and Learning of Physics in Schools. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Science Teachers‟ Association of Nigeria. University of Lagos, Nigeria PP. 215 – 220.
 Esiobu, G.O. (2005), Development Genre Issues in Science and Technology Education for Development. NERDC Press, Lagos PP: 137 – 156.
 Afuwape M.O. and olatoye R.A. (2004). Students Integrated Science Achievement as a Predicator of later Achievement in Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Journal of Science Teachers‟ Association of Nigeria. 39(12): 11-16.
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Abstract: Performance of the individual as a person, citizen, as worker and as a student largely depends upon the intelligence he/she possesses. An intelligent person has the ability to adjust himself to the changing circumstances with ease, efficiency and speed. The Main purpose of this study is to know the multiple intelligence of 9th standard students of government and private schools in Secunderabad. The respondents comprised of 240students (120 boys and 120 girls) studying in class 9.The Students were randomly selected from a Government high school and a Private school. A Multiple intelligence profiling Questionnaire was developed by Tirri & Nokelainen to identify the student's multiple intelligence was used for collection of data. The results revealed that
. "The effect of explore to multiple intelligences theory on high school student." International abstract, vol.61-07, sec-A, p.2650.
. BRUCE JERRY.A, KORDINAK THOMAS.S. HARMANJ MARSHA(2008) "Current trends in assessment." Journal on Educational psychology, vol.2. No.3. p.09-13.
. "What does neuro science and cognitive psychology tells about multiple intelligence." Journal on Educational psychology, vol.2. No.3, p.26-33.
. BRUKE, DOROTHY M.(1998)
. "Multiple intelligence profiles to success in computer based concept mapping." International abstract, vol.59-03, sec-A, p.0891.
. FISHER, ELIZABITH MOORE(1997)
. "A cross case survey of research based on Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple intelligence." International abstract, vol.58-11, sec-A, p.4171.
. GOLD ALLENE WHITE(2002)
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Abstract: This study identified occupational competencies required by retirees in pawpaw production and makerting for sustainable livelihood in Enugu State, Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study. The population for the study was 320. The entire population was used for the study. A 48-item questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts. Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument. A reliability coefficient of 0.86 was obtained. Three hundred and twenty copies of the questionnaire were administered to the respondents by the researchers with the help of research assistants. All the administered copies of the questionnaire were retrieved and analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t – test. It was found that retirees required 19 competencies in pawpaw nursery, 17 competencies in establishment and management of pawpaw orchard and 11 competencies in harvesting and marketing of pawpaw pods. It was recommended that the identified competencies be package into training modules among others for capacity-building of retirees.
Keywords: Production, Nursery, management, marketing, occupation, retiree, competencies.
. Amasa,T.A.and Dumbiri, D.N. (2010) Entrepreneurial skills Required by retirees for Tree crop seedling production in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Nigerian Vocational Association. Vol. 15. No. 1. Pp 386 – 378.
. Amer, J; Goldfarba, Rachnilewitz,Ea, Fibach, E (2008) Fermented Papaya Preparation as redox regulator in blood cells of beta – thalassemic mice and patients. Phytother Res 2008 June; 22 (6) : 820 – 8.
. Andrew W. S (2009) Approaches to linking producers to markets. Rome: FAO.
. Anyamouocha, A. G (2001) New College Economic. Ogun state: Tonad publishers Limited.
. Asogwa V.C (2011) Horticulture production. Unpublished Lecture note in the The College of Education Nsukka.
. Asogwa, V. C; Uko, E. O and Omeh, O. M. (2010) Quality Assurance of teachers Teaching Oil Palm Production to Students in senior Secondary Schools in Enugu State. Journal of Nigerian Vocational Association. 15(1):273-281.
. Bianze, P.N. (2005) Occupation work – skill required by secondary school graduates for entry into oil palm production enterprises in Delta State. Unpublished M.Ed Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
. Bridaine, O.M. (1989) African Gardens and Orchardsi Growing vegetable and fruits. London: Kaemillian Publishers.
. Davis (2008). Extension of sub-Shara Africa Overview and Assessment of Current Models and future. Retrieved from http?//majorcrop.net/family/memos/P-Trevin 0n 5/7/2010.
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Adapting Social Network to Make Effective Class Room Learning: A Case Study Facebook|
|Authors||:||Md. Mijanur Rahman, Kazi Imdadul Islam, Tapushe Rubaya Toma|
Abstract: Social networks are most important part of our daily life. It makes our life easy in the area of entertainment, communication, business, education and etc. Social network, like Facebook is an indefeasible part of life among the social network based people. This place opens an outer world before them where they are comfort to move over it. It is a platform where everybody can access without any hesitation. Most of the user of the Facbook is students and they are spending lot of time in Facebook. Even more number of people login many times in Facebook with their willingness and different purpose. In this context we can use Facbook to make their study interactive and interesting. At the same time, in traditional class-room learning, students become bore to attend the same style teacher's lecture. If we can able to use social network as a supported tool of education, we may make effective our classroom education for young generation in continuous learning process.In this paper, we will try to show the path through which the networking will becomes an educational tool and the students may able to go outsides off their bookies knowledge.
Key Words: Social Networks, Facebook, E-learning, Traditional Education System, Facebook group,
 NikleiaEteokleous and DespoKtoridou, "Facebook - A Social networking tool foreducational purpose: developing specialinterest groups Frederick University, IacovosStavridesand MichalakisMichaelidisUniversity of NicosiaCypru.
 Waqas Tariq, MadihaMehboob, M. Asfandyar Khan and FaseeUllah, "The Impact of Social Media and Social Networks on Education and Students of Pakistan" 1 Department of Computer Science,City University of Science & Information Technology,Peshawar – Pakistan, 2 Department of Management SciencesCity University of Science & Information Technology,Peshawar – Pakistan, 3 Department of Science & Technology UnitUMM AL QURA University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
 Shona Leitch and Matthew J. Warre,"Social Networking and Teaching: An Australian Case Study",School of Information Systems, Faculty of Business and Law, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
 Ashraf Jalal YouseofZaidieh, "The Use of Social Networking in Education: Challenges and Opportunities" ICT, collage of information and communication technology, IIUM KL, Malaysia
 Rhona Sharpe and Greg Benfield, "The Student Experience of E-learning in Higher Education: A Review of the Literature"
 Sarah Knight Program Manager, "Effective Practice with e-Learning, e-Learning and Pedagogy" JISC Development Group University of Bristol.
 Boyd, D. M., & Ellison, N. B. (2008). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13, 210-230.
 Ras, E., &Rech, J. (2009)."Using Wikis to support the Net Generation in improving knowledge acquisition in capstone projects."The Journal of Systems and Software , 82 (4), 553
.  C. Chen, Keith T. Jones, "Blended Learning vs. Traditional Classroom Settings: Assessing Effectiveness and Student Perceptions in an MBA Accounting CourseClement", University of Michigan - Flint, Illinois State University.
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Attitude of Junior College Lecturers and Students towards Present Day Examination System|
|Authors||:||Mrs. T. N. Rama, Sri. Y. Vasudhakar Reddy|
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to examine the attitude of junior college lecturers and students towards present day examination system. The present study was undertaken using the survey method. The participants of the study were 100 lecturers and 200 students of Government and private junior colleges of chittoor town, Andhra Pradesh, India in 2010 – 2011 session. They were selected by purposive sampling method. The researchers adopted standardized tool for data collection which consisted of 60 statements, with 20 positive and 40 negative statements. Data was analyzed using statistical techniques like mean, standard deviation, t – test ( differential analysis ) and spearman's product moment correlation co – efficient. The findings revealed that the entire sample of lecturers as well as students had a low significant difference in their attitudes towards present day examination system. There was negligible positive correlation between lecturers and students. Based on the findings, suggestions were made that same study may be extended to different levels of educational institutions all over the state. Other variables like locality, qualifications, origin etc. can be included and an in depth study can be carried out in this research area.
Key words: Attitude, Examination system, Standardized tool, Differential analysis, Correlation co – efficient, In depth study, research area.
. Bhola (1978), Study related to the reliability and validity of question items, III Survey of Educational Research.
. Bose et al., (1967), Study related to the framing a good questions, III Survey of Educational Research.
. Chatterji. S., Mukharjee. M. Study related to the factorial composition of school examination marks, psychometric research and service unit, III Survey of Educational Research.
. Chauhan (1967), Study related to the university examinations system, III Survey at Educational Research.
. Dr. Mangal. S.K. January 2006, Make a case for employing teacher evaluation by students, January Examination Article.
. Dr. Marlow Ediger, the principle and evaluation of student achievement, Article – Jan. 2000.
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Abstract: It is commonly thought that new technologies make a big difference in education. Large educational establishments are responsible for facilitating the uptake, development and implementation of technology in teaching and learning. Quasi experimental Post test only Design was employed. 15samples in each group were selected by lottery method from B.Sc(N) II year. The method of obstetrical palpation is compared between web based instruction and traditional instruction. Post test on knowledge was assessed by Structured Multiple Choice Questionnaire and skill was assessed by Observation checklist with rating scale. Knowledge on obstetrical palpation among students in web based group is effective in the mean score of 8.4 with 1.183 standard deviation and the standard error mean was 0.306 than that of students in the traditional group. Skill on obstetrical palpation revealed that the ability to do the obstetrical palpation skillfully was higher among students in traditional group in the mean score of 27.87 with 5.951 standard deviation and standard error mean was 1.536 but there was no significant difference between the traditional and Web based teaching to teach obstetrical palpation at the level of P<0.01. The combination of these two methods of education may further enhance the students skill acquisition level.
Keywords: Antenatal mothers, Instructional Methods, Obstetrical palpation Traditional Web based
 JeffriesP.R. , Computer versus lecture: a comparison of two methods of teaching oral medication administration in a nursing skills laboratory, The Journal of Nursing Education. 2001 Oct;40(7):323-9
 Sherman H, Comer L, Putnam L, Freeman H, Blended versus lecture learning:outcomes for staff development, Journal of Nurses Staff Development. 2012 July;28(4):186-90
 Jang KS, Hwang SY, Park SJ, Kim YM, Kim MJ, Effects of a Web-based teaching method on undergraduate nursing students' learning of electrocardiography, The Journal of Nursing Education. 2005 Jan;44(1):35-9
 Keegan RD, Brown GR, Gordon A, Use of a simulation of the ventilator-patient interaction as an active learning exercise: comparison with traditional lecture, Journal Medical Education. 2012 Winter;39(4):359-67.  Reime MH, Harris A, Aksnes J, Mikkelsen J. The most successful method in teaching nursing students infection control - E-learning or lecture, Nurse Education Today. 2008 Oct;28(7):798-806.  Bloomfield J, Roberts J, While A, The effect of computer-assisted learning versus conventional teaching methods on the acquisition and retention of hand washing theory and skills in pre-qualification nursing students, International Journal of Nursing Students. 2010 Mar;47(3):287-94.  Engum SA, Jeffries P, Fisher L., Intravenous catheter training system: computer-based education versus traditional learning methods. Am Journal of Surgery. 2003 Jul;186(1):67-74  Anderson ET, Mercer ZB, Impact of community health content on nurse practitioner practice: a comparison of classroom and web-based teaching. Nursing Education Perspectives. 2004 Jul-Aug; 25(4):171-5
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Analysis of Statistics Curriculum at Higher Secondary Level in the Province of Sindh|
|Authors||:||Muhammad Shahid, Dr. Syed Abdul Aziz, Dr. Ahmed Saeed|
Abstract: The study was designed to analyze statistics curriculum at higher secondary level in the province of Sindh. The scope of the study was limited to subject of statistics curriculum. The population of the study was all male and female college teachers of Sindh. The sample size consisted of 60 statistics teachers. Stratified random sampling was used. Questionnaire was used for collection of data. The data analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical procedures. Four hypotheses were formulated for the study. The hypotheses were related to the control, sex, age, experience, academic and professional qualification. All of them are held. All the teachers contented with the effectiveness of the present curricula. In item wise analysis teachers were shown concern about training programs, examination system and quality of the textbook. It was recommended that training programs were conducted and quality of textbook were improved.
Key Words: Analysis, Curriculum, Statistics, Higher Secondary Level
. Yadav, M.S. (1992). Teaching of Science. Anmol publication New Delhi, India, pp. 1-9.
. Saylor, J.A, and W.M. Alexander. (1954). Curriculum Planning for better Teaching and Learning, Richert and company, New York, pp. 6-7.
. Taba, H. (1962). Curriculum Development: Theory and Practice, Harcourt, Brace and company, New York, p.7.
. Malik. Rasul Saib. (1983). The System of Education in Pakistan. NBF, Islamabad, p.48.
. Iqbl, M.Z. (1990). Science Education in Pakistan – A New Look, In: MM. Zafar (ed), Science Technology and Development Pakistan Council for Science and Technology, Islamabad, pp. 1-10.
. Hashmi, K.A. (1996). Science For All. In: M.A. Khalid, (ed). Taleemi Zawiae.Pakistan Education Foundation, Lahore, pp.39-41.
. Gay, L.R. (1985). Educational Evaluation and Measurement, Longman‟s Green Co, New York, pp. 6-9.
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Anxiety as Predictor of Aspiration among the Achievers|
|Authors||:||Syeda Farhana Kazmi, Shabbir Ahmed Rana, Sher Dil & Shaista Iqbal|
Abstract: The present research aimed at to measure the relationship between anxiety and aspiration among academic achievers. A purposive sample consisted of 200 students with average age 15 years of both gender; 100 female students (high academic achievers =50, low achievers = 50) and 100 male students ( high academic achievers = 50, low academic achievers= 50)were taken from Higher secondary schools of Abbottabad. Taylor manifest anxiety scale (Taylor & Spence,1953) along with Study-Habit Scale( Ansari,1983) were administered on the sample. Results showed satisfactory reliability that is .747 and .836 for the both scales respectively. Analysis of results revealed that the pattern of achievement of a student depends on his/her aspiration level and anxiety has association with level of aspiration in students. Study further highlighted that achievers tend to have considerably higher achievement scores have higher aspiration as the result of perceived high anxiety. Students with low achievement scores have lower aspiration as the result of perceived high anxiety. Least-square line of Regression with achievement status as the outcome of aspiration and anxiety as the predictor variable indicated good model of fit showed that results indicate there was positive significant relationship between students' high level of academic achievement and anxiety. The study filled some identified gapes in literature and tries to stress the need for more research on this topic.
Key words: Anxiety, Aspiration, low achievers and high achievers
. Anis-ul-Haque, M., Khan, S,. (1998). Age effect on academic, self-concept of high school children. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 13(1-2), 35-42.
. Ansari,Z.A.(1983). Study habits and attitude of students. Technical Report. National Institute of Psychology, Quaide-i-Azam University ,Islamabad. . Arbona,C.( 2000).Practice and Research in Career Counseling and Development. The Career Development Quarterly, 49( 2), 98–134. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-0045.2000.tb00554.x
. Areepattamannil, S., Freeman, J. G., & Klinger, D. A. (2011). Influence of motivation, self-beliefs, and instructional practices on science achievement of adolescents in Canada. Social Psychology of Education, 14, 233–259. doi:10.1007/s11218-010-9144-9 . Bendura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G.V. & Pastorelli, C. (1996). Multifaceted impact of self-efficacy beliefs on academic functioning. Journal of Child Development, 67(3), 1206-1222. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1996.tb01791
. Bouffard, T., Marcoux, M., Vezeau, C., & Bordeleau, L. (2003). Changes in self-perceptions of competence and intrinsic motivation among elementary school-children. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 73, 171-186. Retrieved from
. Bouffard, T., Vezeau, C., & Bordeleau, L. (1998). A development study of the relation between combined learning and performance goals and students' self-regulated learning. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 68, 309–318. Retrieved from www.aare.edu.au/05pap/bar05385.pdf
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Education of English for Specific Purposes in Tunisia: The case of the faculty of medicine of Sousse|
Abstract: This study aims to describe the educational situation of English for Specific Purposes within the faculty of medicine of Sousse, Tunisia. In order to explore the attitudes of both teachers and learners in this institution, a questionnaire and an interview were adopted. Scrutiny of the results shows that a big majority of students are aware of the importance of English in their study as well as their future professional life. Nevertheless a change needs to take place concerning the time table, the content of the course.., etc. Ultimately, this study aims to improve the teaching/learning situation of English for Specific Purposes in Tunisian higher education. Keywords: ESP, learning, teaching, attitudes, learning a second language.
 Adams, K., & Keene, M. (2000). Research and writing across the disciplines (2nd ed.). California: Mayfield Publishing Company.  Herrington, A., & Moran, C. (Eds.). (1992). Writing, teaching, and learning in the disciplines. New York: The Modern Language Association of America.
 Hutchinson, T., & Waters, A. (1987). English for Specific Purposes: A learning centered approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 Johns, A. (2003a). Genre in the classroom: Multiple perspectives. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
 Johns, A. (2003b). Genre and ESL/EFL composition instruction. In B. Kroll (Ed.), Exploring the dynamics of second language writing (pp. 195–217). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 Leki, I. (2003). Living through college literacy: Nursing in a second language. Written Communication: An International Quarterly of Research, Theory, and Application, 20(1), 81–98.  Seshadri, S., & Theye, L. (2001). Professionals and professors: Substance or style? Business Communication Quarterly, 63(3), 9–23.  Swales, J. M., & Mustafa, H. (Eds.). (1984). English for Specific Purposes in the Arab world. Birmingham, UK: Language Studies Unit, University of Aston.
 Bacha, N. N. (2003). English across academic and professional communities: A study of EFL learners‟ needs at the Lebanese American University. The Official Journal of the Association of American International Colleges and Universities, 2, 33–62.
 Bhatia, V., & Candlin, C. (2000). Multifaceted needs analysis in business education: Dimensions of professional discourse: new challenges for ESP. In Paper presented at the Annual TESOL Convention, Vancouver, March 2000.
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Awareness and Use of the National Archives in Nigeria|
|Authors||:||Uloma Doris Onuoha|
Abstract: This study sought to ascertain the awareness and use of National Archives of Nigeria. The study adopted the survey design. Study population was made up of artisans, undergraduate students, teachers, accountants and sales persons at Babcock Univeristy, Ilishan – Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria. Although the exact population of those within Babcock University could not be ascertained at the time of the study, proportional random sampling technique was, however, used for selecting 100 respondents who took part in the study. A self constructed questionnaire was used for data collection. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. It was evident from the findings that majority of Nigerians are not aware of the National Archives. Among those who are aware of its' existence, few have actually bothered to visit it and those who have did so mainly for the purpose of school excursion. It was, however, interesting to note that those who have actually visited the National Archives did learn something new from their visit and rated the National Archives as effective in helping Nigerians learn about their national heritage. Based on the findings, recommendations were made.
Keywords: Cultural heritage, National Archives, Nigeria, Nigerian culture
. Abioye, A. (2009). Searchers' perceptions of access regulations in Nigerian national archives. Library Philosophy and Practice. Available @ http://unllib.unl.edu/LPP/abioye.htm
. Alegbeleye, G. B. O. (1998). Archives administration and records management in Nigeria: Up the decades from amalgamation. ARMA Records Management Quarterly. Available @ http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3691/is_199807/ai_n8799970/
. Ash, D. (2003). Dialogic Inquiry and Biological Themes and Principles. Journal of Museum Education, 28(2): 8-12.
. Burns, S.,Ferris, J & Liatsopoulos, D. (nd) The Problems and Barriers of Records and Information Management in Africa. Available @ acamcgill.pbworks.com/f/Ferris+et+al.pdf
. Feather, J. & Sturges,(2003). International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science,2nd ed. London: Routledge,440-441
. Jimerson, R. C. (n.d.) Archives for All: The Importance of Archives in Society. Available @ http://www.aag.org.br/anaisxvcba/conteudo/resumos/plenaria1/randalljimerson.pdf
. Maidabino, A. A. (2010) The Availability, Organization, and Use of Archival Records: A Study of Public Archives Agencies in the Northwestern States of Nigeria. Available @ http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/maidabino2.htm
. Mazikana, P. (1990). Archives and Records Management for Decision Makers: a RAMP study. Paris: Unesco
. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English (2001).6th ed. Sally Wehmeier ed Oxford; Oxford University press
. Uduigwome, C. (1989). The use of archival resources in the National Archives. The Nigerian Archives 1 (1): 28-32.