Volume-3 ~ Issue-6
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|Title||:||Hydrological Study of Fresh Water Pond At Kakinada Rural Village, P.Venkatapuram, E.G.Dist, Andhrapradesh.|
Abstract: This paper present to study of the Hydrological study of fresh water pond at Kakinada rural villege, P. Venkatapuram, East godhavari dist, Andhrapradesh monthaly changes in Hydrological study of pH, Temparachure, Dissolved oxgen, Carbondioxied, Chorides, Carbonates and Bicarbonates. Were analyzed for a periods of on year from 1 st january 2012 to 31st december 2012. All parameaters with in the permissible limits. The results indicate that the P. Venkatapuram pandu polluted and can be used for pomestic, Irrigation and piscicuture.
Key Words :- Hydrological study of fresh water pond.
 Fresh water Fishery Biology :- KARAL E.LAGLER.Copyright@1952,1956 by karl f.lagle ISBN 0-697-04675-3, Fourteenth
printing 1975, Printed in the united states of america. Salinity:- 283. (water), Alkalilnity (257-258), Carbon dioxide (254-255), PH
(255-256), Dissolved oxygen ( 250-254).
 Aquaculture vol III:- Dr.K.Kondaina $ k.swaroop kumar.
 Systematic analytical chemistry :- SRIASTAVA KAMBOJ, Published by :- SHOBAN LAL NAGIN M -5 Industrial area A
(296-300) DO(306-304), Chloride(304-305).
 Analytical chemistry :GARY D.Christain-5th Edition, Printed in India at Gopsons papers Ltd. Noida, Water analysis 635 pg.
 Fish and Fisheries of India :-V.G.JHINGRAN.
 Kamble.S.M.;Kamble A.H. and Narke S.Y.(2009): study of physico-chemical parameters of Ruti
dam,TQ.Ashti,dist.Beed,Maharashtra.J.AQUA. Biol. 86-89.
 Masood ahmed and krishnamurthy r.(1990).hydrobiological studies of wohar reservoir aurangabad(Maharashtra state) India.
J.Environ. Biol 335-343.
 Hujare, M.S,(2008):Seasonal variation of physico-chemical parameters In the perennial tank of Talsande,
Maharashtra.Eotoxicol.Environ. Monit. 18(3):233-242.
 Swaranlatha,S and a.Narsingrao.(1998):Ecological Studies of Banjara lake with reference to water pollution. J.Envi.Biol.19(2) :179-
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|Title||:||Photocatalytic Oxidation of Acetic Acid overCdS|
|Authors||:||Suresh C. Ameta, Chetna Gomber|
Abstract: The photocatalytic degradation of acetic acid over cadmium sulphidesemiconductor was investigated. The effect of various parameters, such as pH,concentration of acetic acid,amount of catalyst, effect of light intensity were observed. A tentative mechanism has been proposed for the phtocatalyticdegradation of acetic acid using CdS semiconductor as catalyst.
Keywords: acetic acid, cadmium sulphide,photocatalytic degradation, semiconductor
 Y. Wang and Herron, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 1987, 5005
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 M. Anpo, T. Shima, S. Kodama, A.J. Amass and M. Kulokawa, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 1987, 4305
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|Title||:||Optimization of Biodiesel production from mixed oil (Karanja& Dairy waste Scum oil) using Homogeneous Catalyst.|
|Authors||:||K V Yathish, Dr. R Suresh, Amruth.E|
Abstract: In this study, crude mixed oil was used as feedstock for biodiesel production by Homogeneous Catalyst. The reaction in the presence of KOH as catalyst was carried out to investigate the optimum conditions and study the effect of variables on the reaction. The variables included methanol to oil molar ratios, catalyst concentrations, reaction temperature and reaction times. Gas chromatography was used to determine the fatty acid composition of mixed oil. The optimum conditions for mixed oil biodiesel production were a catalyst concentration of 1.0% w/w of oil, a reaction temperature of 70oC, a reaction time of 30minutes 6:1 methanol to oil molar ratio at 400rpm. The methyl ester content under these optimum conditions was 95.10%, and all the measured properties of mixed oil biodiesel met the ASTM standards.
Keywords: Mixed oil, Homogeneous Catalyst, Biodiesel, ASTM standards.
 Duke J A, Handbook of every crops. (Unpublished data) http://www.hotr.purdue.edu/duke_energy/pongamia_pinnata.htm,1983
 Bringi N V, Non-tradional oil seeds and oils of India (Oxford and IBH publishing co.pvt,New delhi)1987 pp143-166.
 Altun S. Fuel properties of biodiesels produced from different feedstocks. Energy Educ Sci Technol Part A 2011;26(2):165–74.
 Kalam MA, Saifullah MG, Masjuki HH, Husnawan M, Mahlia TMI. PAH and other emissions from coconut oil blended fuels. J Sci
Ind Res 2008;67(11):1031–5.
 Van Gerpen JH, Hammond EG, Yu L, Monyem A. Determining the influence of contaminants on biodiesel properties. Society of
Automotive Engineers Technical Paper Series, SAE, Warrendale, PA. 1997;Paper No-971685.
 Demirbas AH. Inexpensive oil and fats feedstocks for production of biodiesel. Energy Educ Sci Technol Part A 2009;23(1):1–13.
 Ramadhas AS, Jayaraj S, Muraleedharan C. Use of vegetable oil as I.C engine fuels a review. Renew Energy 2004;29(5):727–42.
 Formo MW. Ester reactions of fatty materials. J Am Oil Chem Soc 1954;31(11):54859.
 Freedman B, Pryde EH, Mounts TL. Variables affecting the yields of fatty esters from transesterified vegetable oils. J Am oil Chem
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Abstract: Starch is widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industries for various applications. These industries often rely on crops that are also traditional sources of food by man resulting high demand with consequence economic implications. In this work starches from four varieties of mango (Mangifera indica) seeds were extracted and characterised using standard methods for potential industrial applications. The results showed that the average starch content of the seeds is 60.44±5.26% although there are statistically significant differences amongst the varieties. Moisture content (6.23±1.36%), ash content (0.158±0.101%), starch protein (0.0669±0.0027%) and starch lipid (0.208±0.0417 %,) were low. Amylose content was within the range of 11.90-16.74%. Swelling power (19.40±0.30-19.80±0.36g/g) and solubility (0.135±0.002-0.142±0.001%) were less variable amongst the varieties. The Amylopectin content of the starches was within the range of 83.25±0.10- 90.60±0.40%); and significant variations (p<0.05) were observed amongst the mango varieties. It was also observed that the onset gelatinization temperature of the starches ranged from 60.5 to 63.4oC whereas the conclusion gelatinization temperature was from 70.2 to 73.4oC. In general, even though there are significant differences in some of the properties of the starches, the starches show good properties and could serve as alternatives for the production of industrial products that may require starch.
Keywords: Seeds, Mango, Starch, Amylose, Amylopectin, gelatinization, Swelling power
 Madigan, E. (2003). New Uses for Starch. HealthGuidance for Better Health. Retrieved on 20/1/2011 from: http://www.healthguidance.org/pages/Terms-of-Service.
 John, S. G. (2010). Starch – The Booming Industry. Science Tech Entrepreneur , December, 2010. Retrieved February, 3, 2011 from: http://www.wisconsinpotatoes.com/_PDF/TeachersInfo/Starchsources.pdf.
 Uba, A., Izuagie, T., Hassan, L. G., Achor, M. and Sahabi, D. M. (2011a). Charaterization of starch isolated from Mangifera indica seeds. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 19 (2): 224-230.
 Uba, A., Izuagie, T., Hassan, L. G., Achor, M. and Sahabi, D. M. (2011b). Physicochemical Properties of Starch Isolated from Seeds of Chrysophyllum albidum. International Journal of Chemical Sciences. 4(21): 264 – 270.
 Raemakers, R. H. (2001). Crop Production in Tropical Africa: Directorate General for International Cooperation (D.G.I.C), Brussels, Belgium. Pp. 596-609.
 FAO (2002). Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations Statistics (FOASTAT) database-agriculture, Rome, Italy. Retrieved on 23/04/2012 from: Available www.fao.org.
 Watson, A. J. (1983); Agricultural innovation in the early Islamic world: the diffusion of crops and farming techniques, 700–1100. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 72–3.
 Jedele, S. Hau, A.M. and von, O. M. (2003); An Analysis of the World Market for Mangoes and its importance for developing countries. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, held on 8 – 10th October at University of Göttingen, Deutscher Tropentag, Germany.
 Ezeagu, I. E., Metges, C. C., Proll, J. Petzke, K. J. and Akinsoyinu, A. O. (2011). Chemical Composition and Nutritive Value of Some Wild-Gathered Tropical Plant Seeds. Retrieved on February 3, 2010 from:http//:www.chemcommandnutrient.
 Kaur, L. J., Sing, and Q. Liu, (2007)."Starch a Potential Biomaterial for Biomedical Applications" Nanometer, Nanosyst., Biomed., Appl., p. 83.
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|Title||:||Molecular Docking Study of Aspirin and Aspirin Derivatives|
|Authors||:||Ramjith.U.S*, Ayda Cherian, Navneeth Krishna Manoj, Sameer P.A,
Abstract: The molecular docking studies were performed on aspirin and aspirin derivatives using HVR protein. The compounds SR-03, SR-02, SR-04 were found to show best docking scores towards HVR protein (HIV protease receptor) indicating that these compounds may be screened for in vivo anti-HIV activity. It is concluded that electron withdrawing groups like (R=-OH substituted aryl) group when attached to carboxylic group of aspirin increases the in vitro anti-oxidant activity and affinity for HIV protein while electron releasing groups like (R=-CH3,-C2H5,-CH(CH3)2,-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3) decreases affinity for HIV protein. Further studies are required to establish their exact mechanism of action.
Keywords: Aspirin, HVR protein, anti-HIV activity.
 Current Protein and Peptide Science, 2007(8), 312-328.
 An Introduction to Molecular Docking by Paul Sans chagrin, 22.11.10.
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|Title||:||Mixed Ligand Co (II) Complexes: Use as Catalysts in the Hydrolysis of Esters|
|Authors||:||V. S. Shivankar*, L. V. Gavali1, S. P. Yadav, N. V. Thakkar|
Abstract: Mixed ligand metal complexes of the type MLL'xH2O (x=1), where M is Co(II)/Ni(II), L is deprotonated 8-hydroxyquinoline and L' is a deprotonated amino acid have been synthesized. The metal complexes have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis and various physicochemical techniques. Hydrolysis of methyl acetate and ethyl acetate was studied by using the complexes as homogeneous catalysts. The rate constants have been obtained by using different catalysts at various temperatures. The activation energy (E) was calculated from the Arrhenius plots. The changes in the enthalpy of activation (ΔH≠), entropy of activation (ΔS≠) and free energy of activation (ΔG≠) were also calculated. A probable reaction mechanism has also been suggested.
Key words: Mixed ligand complexes, hydrolysis of esters.
 V. S. Shivankar and N. V. Thakkar, Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), 64, 2005, 496-503.
 M. N. Hughes. Coordination Compounds in Biology. In Comprehensive Coordination Chemistry; Wilkinson, G.; Gillard, R. D.; McCleverty, J. A. Eds.; Pergamon Press: Oxford, 1987; (Vol. 6) 541-754.
 V. S. Shivankar and N. V. Thakkar, Acta poloniae pharmaceutica (Drug Research, Poland), 60 (1), 2003, 45-50.
 V. S. Shivankar and N. V. Thakkar, Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica (Drug Research. Poland), 61 (2), 2004, 127-133.
 V.S. Shivankar, R. B. Vaidya, S. R. Dharwadkar and N. V. Thakkar, Synthesis and reactivity in Inorganic and Metal-Organic Chemistry (Marcel Dekker, New York), 33 (9), 2003, 1597-1622.
 H. C. Freeman, Metal Complexes of Amino Acids and Peptides. In Inorganic Biochemistry; Eichhorn, G. L. Ed.; Elsevier Scientific: Amsterdam, (Vol. 1) 1973; 121-166.
 V. S. Shivankar, Y. A. Gaikwad, H. U. Mulla, R.J. Patil , L. V. Gavali , Synthesis, Characterization and Microbial Activity of Chiral Mixed Ligand Transition Metal Complexes , IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry ,( 2) Issue 1 (Sep-Oct 2012), PP 26-33.
 W. J. Geary, The Use of Conductivity Measurements in Organic Solvents for the Characterization of Coordination Compounds. Coord. Chem. Rev. 1971, 7 (1), 81-122.
 V. S. Shivankar and N. V. Thakkar, Indian Journal of Chemistry (Section A) (CSIR), 45A, 2006,382-387 .
 K. Nakamoto, Y. Morimoto, Martell, A. E. Infrared Spectra of Aqueous Solutions. I. Metal Chelate Compounds of Amino acids. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 83, 1961, 4528-4532.
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|Title||:||Formation and Disproportionation of Arene Sulfenic Acids|
|Authors||:||Sujit Ranjan Acharjee and S K Bhattacharjee|
Abstract: Sulfenic acids, R-SOH, may be regarded as derivative of unknown inorganic acid, H2SO2 that may be derived from highly unstable oxide of sulfur, sulfur monoxide, SO. RSOH may be obtained by hydrolytic cleavage of S-X bond in sulfenyl halides, RSX. Sulfenic acids exist as RS-OH rather than
 Nakamura N, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (105), 7172 (1983)
 Chou T. S., Burgtorf N., Ellis A. L., Lammert S. R. and Kukoja S. P., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 96, 1099 (1974)
 Hogg D. R. and Vipond P. W., J. Chem. Soc. (13) 1242, (1974)
 Hukel A. and Pfiederer W., Tetrahedron Lett. (24), 5047 (1983)
 Unpublished work carried out in the Deptt of Chemistry, Gauhati University (1993-94)
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|Title||:||The Nutritive Value of the Meat Quality of Locally Breed Chicken, Exotic Chicken and Turkey|
|Authors||:||Ogunmola, O. O., Taiwo, O .F. and Ayankoso, A. S.|
Abstract: Locally breed Chicken, exotic Chicken and Turkey were obtained from Ajegunle market in Oyo town and processed for their proximate composition and dietary minerals. The proximate composition reveals that the moisture content in percentage ranged from 5.00% in Turkey to 0.50% in exotic Chicken, the ash content ranges from 6.50% in Turkey to 2.00% in locally breed chicken. The fat content ranges from 18.0% in Turkey to 3.70% in locally breed Chicken; the protein content ranges from 68.97% in exotic Chicken to 50.95% in locally breed Chicken. Carbohydrate content ranges from 25.83% in locally breed chicken to 0.63% in Turkey. The fibre content of Turkey was 2.22% and 1.96% in local Chicken while fibre content was not detectable in exotic Chicken. The dietary minerals that were in abundance in the meat samples are Potassium whose concentration ranged from 603mg/100g in Turkey to 527mg/100g in exotic chicken. Sodium ranged from 370mg/100g in Turkey to 345mg/100g in exotic chicken. Calcium ranged from 575mg/100g in Turkey to 375mg/100g in exotic chicken while Magnesium ranged from 377mg/100g in local chicken to 256mg/100g in exotic chicken, Iron ranged from 465mg/100g in local chicken to 233mg/100g in Turkey. Zinc ranged from 622mg/100g in exotic chicken to 475mg/100g in Turkey. Keywords: Proximate Analysis, Dietary Mineral, Chicken Meat, Meat Quality
 S. N Ibe. (1998) Improving productive adaptability of the Nigeria local chicken. Proc. of the Silver Anni. Conf. of NSAP held March 1998 at Abeokuta Nig. Pp 404-465.
 C.O.N Ikeobi,.M.O. Ozoje, O.A. Adebambo, J.A. Adenowo and O.A. Osinowo, (1996). Genetic differences in the performance of local chicken in South Western Nigeria. Nig. J. Genet., 9: 33-39.
 C.C.Nwosu, 1979. Characterization of the local chicken in Nigeria and its potential for egg and meat production. Proceedings of the 1st National Seminar on Poultry Productio, Dec. 11-13, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, pp: 187-210.
 UF researchers discover earliest use of Mexican turkeys by ancient Maya", at Eurekalert August 8, 2012(1 n2 )
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|Title||:||Removal Of Copper From Waste Water Using Low Cost Adsorbent|
|Authors||:||Jubraj Khamari* Sanjeet Kumar Tiwari** and Anjali Singh|
Abstract: The sorption of copper (II) on chitosan has been found to be dependent on contact time, concentration, temperature, and pH of the solution. The process of removal follows first order kinetics and absorption of heat.
Keywords: chitosan, bioabsorbent, copper (II), heavy metal adsorption, Chitin.
 Yadav, K.P., Tyagi, B.S.Pandey, K.K and. Singh., Flyash for the treatment of cd (II) rich effluents. Env. Tech. Letter, (8), 225- 234 (1989)
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 Vishwakarma, P.P. and Singh, V.N., Removal of Ni (II) by China Clay. Asian Environment, 11(3): 49-64 (1984)
 Pandey. K.K. Prasad, G. Singh, V.N., Fly ash China Clay for the removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution. Indian Journal of Chemistry, 23( A), 514-515 (1984)
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 Gotoh T., Matsushima K., Kikuchi KI., Preparation of alginatechitosan hybrid gel beads and adsorption of divalent metal ions. Chemosphere, 5.5 (1), 135-140 (2004)
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 Ikhuoria EU., Omonmhenle SI., Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by adsorption onto chemically modified pumpkin. (Telfaira accidentalis Hook) Seed Husk, J. Chem. Soc. Nig. 31(1&2),109-113 (2006)