Volume-6 ~ Issue-3
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Abstract: Olive oil is the most important commodities produced in the Mediterranean region. Due to its significant economical importance, the usage of pesticides in its production is systematic, by using a wide range of plant protection products with a variety of modes of action. As a consequence, monitoring of their residue levels in these products is a necessity. In the present study a reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography method, with a short sample preparation step, based on acetonitrile extraction is developed and validated in olive oil, with a large scope that includes Deltamethrin as pesticide. Good sensitivity and selectivity of the method were obtained with limits of quantification at 0.2 mg kg-1. Deltamethrin has recovery rate which is of about 80℅. We confirm also the efficiency of alumina, used as adsorbent in the clean up step, to remove triglycerides and to get a pure extract.
Key words: Clean up, Deltamethrin residues, HPLC, olive oil, dose of treatment.
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|Title||:||Effect of 3D parameters on Antifungal Activities of Some Heterocyclic Compounds|
|Authors||:||Anita K., Vijay K. Agrawal, Bashirulla Shaik, Shweta Sharma|
Abstract: Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) of some heterocyclic compounds was studied using some 3D parameters. The QSAR models indicated that Dipole Y, Dipole mag., Y length and some indicator parameters are very effective in describing the antifungal activities of these compounds against Candida albicans in the training and external test set. The multiple regression analysis have produced well predictive statistically significant and cross validated QSAR models which help to explore some expectedly potent compounds.
Keywords: QSAR, Dipole Y, Dipole mag, Y length, indicator parameters, cross validation.
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|Title||:||Synthesis and Characterization of Cellulose Nanofibers From Coconut Coir Fibers|
|Authors||:||Velayudham Navaneetha Krishnan, Atmakuru Ramesh|
Abstract: Cellulose nanofibers were isolated from coconut coir fibers by chemical treatment using alkaline, mineral acids and inorganic salts, followed by mechanical treatment and disintegration methods like sonication, cryo crushing and dissolution. The size and morphology of cellulose nanofibers were investigated by using the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). The width of synthesized cellulose nanofibers investigated by the FESEM was around 30 nm to 90 nm and few microns in length. Elemental analysis of cellulose nano fibers were confirmed with the Energy Dispersive Analysis (EDS) results. XRD study was conducted for the crystalline property of cellulose nanofibers synthesized from coconut coir fibers using standard microcrystalline cellulose as reference. FT-IR spectra confirmed the presence of hydroxyl groups, C-H bond and the C-O-C groups in the synthesized cellulose nanofibers. The cellulose nano fibers were successfully utilized in the preparation of transparent thin film, filtration and water treatment.
Keyword: Coconut coir fiber, Cellulose nanofibers, nanomaterial, microcrystalline.
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|Title||:||Investigation of the Anodic Dissolution of Zinc in Sodium Chloride Electrolyte – A Green Process|
|Authors||:||Ibrahim. M. Ismail, Omar E. Abdel-Salam, Tamer S. Ahmed, Ahmed Soliman, Meshaal F. Al-Ebrahim, Ibrahim A. Khattab|
Abstract: The anodic dissolution of zinc electrodes in sodium chloride aqueous solution has been investigated experimentally. The effects of application of polarity reversal (PR), ultrasonic (US) enhancement, stirring, current density (CD), concentration and pH of the supporting electrolyte, and temperature of the bath were studied. The results revealed that application of PR increased the dissolution of Zn but the current was low. However, the application of US enhancement led to higher zinc dissolution accompanied with higher current efficiency (CE). The combination of US enhancement and stirring led to more dissolution of zinc. Increasing the current density and concentration of NaCl increased the dissolution of zinc and the current efficiency was almost constant. On the other hand, pH of the bath did not play a significant effect on the amount of the dissolved zinc or current efficiency. It was also observed that increasing the temperature from 10 oC to 40 oC led to a significant increase in the mass of the dissolved zinc and CE; but the increase of temperature from 40 oC to 50 or 60 oC, however, did not have a significant effect.
Key words: Anodic dissociation, Electrochemistry, Green processes, Zinc, Zinc Oxide.
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|Title||:||The chelate formation of thorium with 1, 2-naphthoquinone, 1-oxime|
|Authors||:||G. S. Jagtap, N. S. Suryawanshi, K. D. Jadhav, R. G. Sarawadekar|
Abstract: Thorium chelate of 1,2-naphthoquinone, 1-oxime was synthesized. The vibrational wave numbers of thorium with 1,2-naphthoquinone, 1-oxime have been calculated using Gaussian 09 software code, employing RHF / SDD basis set and IR data is compared with experimental values. The predicted infrared intensities and Raman activities are reported. The calculated frequencies are in good agreement with the experimental values. The calculated geometrical parameters are also given. The study is extended to calculate the HOMO-LUMO energy gap, Ionization potential (I), Electron affinity ( A ), Global hardness (η ), chemical potential (μ ) and global electrophilicity ( ω ). The calculated HOMO-LUMO energies show the charge transfer occurs in the molecule. Optimized geometrical parameters of the title compound are in agreement with similar reported structures.
Key words: 1-2 naphthoquinone, 1-oxime, IR, HF, Energy gap, Thorium monoximate.
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|Title||:||QSAR studies of some anilinoquinolines for their antitumor activity as EGFR inhibitors|
|Authors||:||Shweta Sharma, Vijay K. Agrawal, Basheerulla Shaik, Anita K.|
Abstract: Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship studies has been performed on some anilinoquinolines . A variety of parameters including 2D- autocorelation, RDF, 3D- MoRSE, WHIM and GETAWAY parameters have been chosen for modeling the antitumor activity of these compounds. The multiple regression analysis reveals that the seven –parametric model is the best for modeling the activity of the compounds under present study. This model has been tested by using cross validated parameters. The results are also discussed on the basis of ridge regression.
Key words: QSAR, NCSS, EGFR, Ridge regression.
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|Title||:||Gc-Ms Analysis and Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil of Senecio Pedunculatus|
|Authors||:||Navadha Joshi, G. C. Sah, Devendra Mishra|
Abstract: The chemical composition of the essential oil obtained from the leaves of Senecio pedunculatus collected from the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, was analyzed by GC-MS. The major constituent was found out to be caryophyllene oxide (23.28%). The antibacterial and antifungal activity of the oil was determined by disc diffusion method. Results showed that the oil exhibited mild antimicrobial activity.
Key words: Senecio pedunculatus, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Caryophyllene oxide, Asteraceae, Essential oil.
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