IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

June 2014 Volume 19 - Issue 6

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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : How the Poet Soars into Devotional Ecstasy in Crossing the Bar- A Rhetorical Study
Country : India
Authors : Priyanka Dey
: 10.9790/0837-19610108  logo
Abstract: Lord Alfred Tennyson silhouetting the "intellectual throne" of Victorian England with his entire blaze is often called a "poetic stylist". Starting his poetic journey from 1829 with Timbuctoo he wrote different kinds of poetry some of which were gay, some serious, some flippant, a lot many passionate, some with a note of lamentation and a large number sensuous. But as his life and poetic career gradually rolls on like the rising sun across the sky with time he gains the inevitable maturity and deeper insight into the cosmic evolutionary process. His poems from mere sensuousness attain a devotional note of complete spiritual surrender at the feet of his "Pilot" and his yearning to unite with Him intensifies. He wins over the fear of death and dissolution; his poems from the elegiac note of Break, Break, Break transcend into an ecstatic mood in Crossing the Bar which he wanted to be inscribed as an epitaph on his sepulchre. But it is through the coalescence of form and function this total transcendence in thought, feeling and attitude to life succeeds in finding expression. Hence in this paper through the stylistic analysis of Crossing the Bar an attempt is made to study the poetic diction and versification, the rhetoric profile that enables the poet to create a milieu perfect for his heightened realization.
Key words: allegory, lexical cohesion, metaphor, nominalization, parallelism, prosody, verbal style, etc
[1] H.G. Widdowson, Stylistics and the teaching of literature (Longman Publishing Group, 1975) 58.
[2] Winston Weathers, and Otis Winchester, The new strategy of style (Mc Graw-Hill Book Company, New York, U.S.A., 1967) 127.
[3] Thomas O. Sloane, (Ed), Encyclopedia of rhetoric, e-reference edition, (Oxford University Press. The Midnight University, eISBN:9780195188448, 2006) 50, 105.
[4] Frances Scott, Plato: Gorgias: study guide to arguments (Department of Philosophy. Texas Tech U, 1984) 1.
[5] Richard A. Lanham, The motives of eloquence: literary rhetoric in the renaissance (New Haven: Yale UP, 1976) 38

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : "An electro chemical investigation on the corrosion behavior of ZA-27 alloy in 1M Na2SO4 in the presence of cationic surfactants as inhibitors"
Country : India
Authors : Lokesh H. B, Sanaulla Pathapalya Fakrudeen, Bheema Raju V. B
: 10.9790/0837-19610920  logo
Abstract: The inhibition of the corrosion of ZA-27 in 1M Na2SO4 by N, N-Dimethyl-N- (2-phenoxyethyl) dodecan-1-aminium bromide (DPDAB) and N,N ,N-Trimethyldodecyl ammonium bromide (TDAB) has been investigated using weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization. Results obtained in weight loss studies show that these investigated compounds are good inhibitors and their inhibition efficiencies (IE %) increase with the increase of inhibitor concentration, whereas decreases with increase in immersion time and temperature. Potentiodynamic polarization studies demonstrate the inhibitors under investigation act as mixed type inhibitors and inhibitors changes the mechanism of hydrogen evolution. Effect of temperature is studied between 303 and 333 K differing by 10K. The mechanism of adsorption had been explained on the basis of chemical structure of the investigated inhibitors. It was found that there is a good agreement between the different tested techniques.
Keywords: Corrosion inhibition, surfactants , ZA-27 alloy, Na2SO4 Potentio dynamic polarisation, Taffel extra polation .
[1]. Manov S., Lamazouere A. M. and Aries L. (1999). J.Appl.Electrochem. 29, 995.
[2]. C. H. Dale, "Zinc and Zinc Alloys" in Castings: Metals Hand- book, ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio, USA, 1988.
[3]. Gaur J.N. and Jain B.L. (1978). J. Electrochem. Soc. India, 27, 117.
[4]. Gad Allah A.G., Hefny M.M., Salih S.A. and El-Basiouny M.S. (1989). Corrosion, 45, 574.
[5]. Aksut A.A, and Onal A.N. (1995). Bull. Electrochem. 11, 513.
[6]. Selim I.Z. (1998). Bull. Electrochem. 13, 385.
[7]. Salghi R. , Hamouti B. , Aounti A., Berrabah M., and Kertit S. (2000). J. Electrochem. Soc. India, 49 (1), 40.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : History of Forest in Oudh Region
Country : India
Authors : Richa Tripathi
: 10.9790/0837-19612125  logo

Abstract: Environmental history is a very fascinating subject of these days. This subject attracts the environmental historian because modern man is facing plenty of environmental problems. Contemporary society in their search for pleasure and prosperity has exploited nature without any moral restraint to such an extent that nature has been rendered almost incapable of sustaining healthy life. Precious gifts of nature, such as air and water, have been polluted with severely disastrous consequences. Although a more affluent and better educated population showed its concern and demanded a cleaner and healthier environment. There is no doubt that man's intervention with nature was successful in leading to social changes. Oudh is a region where agriculture was a main source of revenue. For this purpose the clearing of forest for the cultivation was generally encouraged by the state. Forest, being based on the yield capacity of the land, competes with a variety of other industries similarly situated. In early 19th century, a rapid deforestation took place under the demographic pressure and demand of wood for the railways. The company government beside encouraging expansion of cultivations also set up general policy of forest reservation and protection mainly to assure timber supply. This paper traces the history of forest in Oudh region.
Keywords: Agriculture, Ecology, Environmental Historian, Forestry

[1] Schlich WM., Schlich's Manual of Forestry, volume 1, Forest Policy in the British Empire (London, Bradbury ,Agnew & Co. LD., 1922)
[2] Bhargava M, State, Society and Ecology Gorakhpur in Transition 1750-1830 (Delhi, Manohar, 1999)
[3] Qureshi Hamid Afaq, ―The Mughals, The English and The Rulers of Awadh, From 1722 A.D. to 1856 A.D. A Laleidoscopic Study (Lucknow , New Royal Book Company, 2003)
[4] Mukherjee Rudrangshu, Awadh in Revolt 1857-1858, A Study Of Popular Resistance (Delhi, permanent black, 2001)
[5] Mukherjee Rudrangshu, Awadh in Revolt 1857-1858, A Study Of Popular Resistance (Delhi, permanent black, 2001)
[6] Bartholomew J.G., United Provinces, Imperial gazetteer of India, Volume 24 (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1907-1909)
[7] Frowde Henry, The Imperial Gazetteer of the India, Volume XIX, Nayakanhatti to Parbhani (Oxford- At the Clarendon Press, 1908)

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Socio-Economic miserable condition of the tribals in Chhattisgarh (A case study of Dhanwar, Surguja district, C.G.)
Country : India
Authors : Dr. Seraphinus Kispotta
: 10.9790/0837-19612629  logo

Abstract: The author intends to study the socio-economic conditions of the tribals residing in the remote hilly and forest areas, in the area of Dhanwar. The people are very poor economically, socially and politically. They are living hand to mouth. They depend mostly on the forest produce and agriculture for their livelihood. The author wants to attract the attention of the government officials for the upliftment and development of the tribals over there. The government programmes are almost nil except MNREGA. However, this Programme is also under the clutch of the corruption.

[1]. Primary Survey of the Dhanwar Area, 2012.
[2]. Interim Provisional Data, 2011.
[3]. Internet – – 2011
[4]. Census 2011.
[5]. National Tribal Commission. 2008. "Education of Tribal People in India."

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Anti-Criminalization System for Perpetrators of Criminal Acts of Terrorism
Country : Indonesia
Authors : M.R. Dayan, Doris Padmini Selvaratnam
: 10.9790/0837-19613032  logo

Abstract: Terrorism is a very serious threat to society, nations, and countries, which requires an anti-criminalization system that is not only oriented to extermination in the form of a death sentence as in the current implementation of criminal sanctions for the case in Indonesia. It has been obvious that this is not effective to combat criminal actions by perpetrators of terrorism and wipe out the perpetrators themselves. The efforts of eradicating criminal acts of terrorism in the Indonesian anti-criminalization system have not been oriented to rehabilitation and treatment for the perpetrators as victims of misleading jihad ideology (soft power doctrine). An effective anti-criminalization system oriented to rehabilitation and treatment is expected to be able to minimize crimes related to terrorism. Based on the data of BNPT (National Body for Terrorism Eradication) of the Republic of Indonesia, the 700 people sentenced and 90 people killed in the crime scenes so far have been mostly criminal victims of radicalism, thinking only their own religious belief is true while the others are wrong. These perpetrators do not stop with believing in their faith as they also force other people to follow their view.
Keywords: anti-criminalization system, criminal act of terrorism, perpetrator of terrorism, treatment and rehabilitation.

[1] A. Bryan Gardner, Editor in Chief, 7th Ed. (Black Law Dictionary, 1999).
[2] A.Z. Abidin, Bunga Rampai Hukum Pidana (Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita, 1983).
[3] Barda Nawawi Arief, Kapita Selekta Hukum Pidana Tentang Sistem Peradilan Terpadu (Integrated Criminal Justice System) (Semarang: Badan Penerbit Undip, 2007).
[4] Barda Nawawi Arief, Bunga Rampai Kebijakan Hukum Pidana, Perkembangan Penyusunan Konsep KUHP Baru (Jakarta: Kencana, 2008).
[5] Ediwarman, Monograf Metodologi Penelitian Hukum (Medan, 2009).

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Contract Law Perspective Mapping To Quality Characteristic of the Government Procurement in Indonesia: Doubt on the Practice of Corruption, Administrative or Civil Violations?
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Ahmad Feri Tanjung, P. L. Rika Fatimah, Tan Kamello
: 10.9790/0837-19613339  logo

Abstract: Government Procurement Contract is a contract between the government and suppliers. The utilization of state finances in Government Procurement Contract is like a double-edged sword. While necessary for the service to community, it also lies in a corruption-prone area. State apparatus are performing the Government Procurement Contract in good faith, yet overshadowed by a fear of corruption threat in case they slip and inflict losses to the State. This article will address the fear with the explanation that not all violations in the Government Procurement Contract are considered as the acts of corruption; they can also be administrative or civil violations.
Keywords: abuse of authority, corruption, procurement contract, public procurement, quality characteristic.

[1] Benon C. Basheka, Economic and political determinants of public procurement corruption in developing countries: An empirical study from Uganda, Journal of Public Procurement, 11(1), 2011.
[2] Central Jakarta District Court Verdict No. 01/PID.B/TPK/2004/PN.JKT.PST, March 28, 2005.
[3] Cheong May Fong, Goals of public procurement: A fine balancing act for Malaysia, Journal of Malaysian and Comparative Law, 2014.
[4] Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, Second session, Nusa Dua, Indonesia, 28 January – 1 February 2008.
[5] Corruption Eradication Commission, Annual Report of 2013.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Youth and Moral Values in a Changing Society
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Dr. Ime N. George, Unwanaobong D. Uyanga
: 10.9790/0837-19614044  logo

Abstract: It has been stated and rightly so too that the future of any nation rests on the shoulders of youths of today as they will eventually become the leaders of tomorrow. Therefore, anything targeted at this group of persons must be worthwhile and directed at helping them fulfill their purpose as would-be leaders. Leadership is an art as well as an activity through which the affairs of men in the society are directed in line with the attainment of goals. As youths get prepared for leadership roles; it is pertinent to acquire moral standards and values that will mold them into personalities ready to lead for the progress of the society. This paper is a discourse on how our changing society impacts on youth and moral values.
Keywords: Youth, moral value, Morality, Societal change, Value system.

[1]. Aminigo, I. M. (2003). Model Essays in Moral Education. Buguma: Hanging Gardens Publishers
[2]. Aminigo, I. M. & Nwaokugha, D. O. (2006). An Advanced Introduction to Philosophy of Education. Choba: Zelta Research Consult
[3]. Anadi, C. C. (2008). Moral Values for the production of Disciplined Manpower in Primary Schools. Nigerian Journal of Sociology of Education, 2 (2): 35-45
[4]. Ekpiwre, C. A. (2008). Socialization and Value Re-Orientation in the Family: Implications for Effective Education Reforms in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Sociology of Education, 2 (2): 174-180
[5]. Enemuo, P. C. & Nzulumike, C. (2009). Education, Leadership and National Development.Nigerian Journal of Educational Philosophy, 21 (1): 69-80

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Transition, Literature and the African Writer
Country : Nigeria
Authors : George Anaso, Nwabudike, Christopher Eziafa
: 10.9790/0837-19614552  logo

Abstract: This paper titled Transition, Literature and the African Writer, takes a critical look at the African writer's (the novelist's) concern with Africa's contemporary political scenario which is marked by abuses of power; conical lawlessness, disorder, corruption in all ramifications and bizarre manipulation of the legislative and electoral processes in order to perpetuate arbitrary power, impunity and bad rule. The paper observes that since the abating of the literary fire of the colonial era, African writers have done little to address these corrupt and undemocratic activities in Africa's political scenes. This is due to the fear of elimination, or money/ material allurements by the powers that be. The paper also takes a look at the views of African writers vis a vis Africa's political situation, in order to examine the role that African writers carve out for themselves. After a brief survey of the platform on which African writers perform their role and their inability to address the issues involved. The paper wraps up the discussion with some suggestions on what African writers should do to ensure the political education of the society in accordance with the writers' envisaged role or standing as the sensitive points of the community so as to carry the society along the path to political education and moral sensitization.
Key words: Political dictatorship, social engineering, sensibility, Machiavellian dictator, colonialism.

[1]. Aguru, Okenu B. Social Organization in Pre-Colonial Ibo society of Eastern Nigeria Onitsha: Varsity Press. 1992
[2]. Ali Samson A. "Nigeria in History: A Study of the, Political Development of Nigeria 1960-1993, paper presented at NUJ / NGE Conference held at Minna July, 7th 1994.
[3]. Njoku, Fred O. Neo-Colonialism and Africa (ed Sydrey Oforje) Benin City: Squire And Brierrs. 1983.
[4]. Davidson, Basil The Black Man‟s Burden, Ibadan: Spectrum, 1992.
[5]. Achebe Chinua, Morning Yet on Creation Day … London: Heinemann 1975.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Critical Success Factors of Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Enterprisesin Jordan
Country : Malaysia
Authors : AlQudah, M. K., Osman, A. & Safizal, M. A
: 10.9790/0837-19615357  logo

Abstract: This paper examines the human resource management practices based on organizational performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Jordan.The factors that affect quality circle and performance appraisal were also investigated. The study sample comprised 332 SMEs in Jordan. A questionnaire was developed and distributed, and the collected data were analyzed using SPSS. An overall analysis was performed based on the descriptive and correlation analyses. HR planning, training, and development significantly correlated with the organizational performance of SMEs. Several recommendations for enhancing the organizational performance of SMEs were also cited in this paper.
Keywords: quality circle, performance appraisal, organizational performance.

[1]. Arsad, M. (2012). Human Resource Management Practices and Organizational Performance: A Study on Administrators in Universiti Teknologi Mara. (Unpublished MSc Dissertation).Universiti Utara Malaysia.
[2]. Aurthur, J. (1994). Effects of HR systems on manufacturing performance and turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 37, 670-687.
[3]. Bae, J. & Lawler, J. J. (2000). Organisational and HRM strategies in Korea: Impact on firm performance in an emerging economy. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 502-517.
[4]. Bell, M. & Omachonu, V. (2011). Quality system implementation process for business success. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 28(7), 723-734.
[5]. Brown, M. & Heywood, J. S. (2005). "Performance appraisal systems: determinants and change", British Journal of Industrial Relations, 43(4), pp.659-679.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Study on Increasing the Divorce Rate in Kerala
Country : India
Authors : J. Godwin Premsingh, Sheena Rajan Philip
: 10.9790/0837-19615860  logo

Abstract: Divorce is the dissolution of a social tie, but it is also possible that attitudes about divorce flow across social ties. The Researcher find that divorce can spread between friends, siblings, and coworkers, and there are clusters of divorcees that extend two degrees of separation in the network. We also find that popular people are less likely to get divorced, divorcees have denser social networks, and they are much more likely to remarry other divorcees. Interestingly, we do not find that the presence of children influences the likelihood of divorce, but we do find that each child reduces the susceptibility to being influenced by peers who get divorced. Overall, the results suggest that attending to the health of one's friends' marriages serves to support and enhance the durability of one's own relationship, and that, from a policy perspective, divorce should be understood as a collective phenomenon that extends far beyond those directly affected.
Keywords: Divorce, Kerla.

[1]. Centers for Disease Control (2007). MMWR Surveillance Summaries: Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders – Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 14 Sites, United States, 2002. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from
[2]. Centers for Disease Control (2012). Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders – Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, United States, 2008. Retrieved September 18, 2012 from
[3]. American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC, Amercian Psychatric Association, 2000.
[4]. Gray, D.E. (2002). Ten years on: a longitudinal study of families of children with autism. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities, 27(3), 215-222.
[5]. Datz, T. (2006). Autism has high costs to U.S. society. Press release, April 25, 2006. Harvard School of Public Health. Retrieved October 14, 2010 from:

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Study on the Preference of Working Women towards Readymade Food in Tirunelveli District
Country : India
Authors : Dr.B.Revathy,M.Com,M.Phil,B.Ed,Ph.D,DCA,MBA,Mrs.R.SanthiSalomi,M.Com,M.Phil
: 10.9790/0837-19616170  logo

Abstract: Food is very important for the survival of human being. Food provides the necessary nutrition for the human being that is indispensable. Due to the differences in culture, geographic locations, environment and climate, food items vary from society to society. People who are living in the city have high tendency to consume readymade food compared to the people living in the rural areas. The reason for the change is the time factor. They do not have much time to prepare food at their home especially the working women. As society develops the economic activities also expand. Therefore, working women become busy and that discourages them to prepare food at their home. As such, the only alternative is to consume food that is prepared by others and is preferably light in nature. While working women select readymade food, a number of factors are considered by them. The objectives of the study are to study the preference of working women towards readymade food, analyze the factors influencing the working women to purchase readymade food and study the relationship between preference of readymade food and socio economic conditions of working women in Tirunelveli district.
Keywords: Health consciousness, Preference, Readymade food, Working women

[3]. Kamalaveni and Nirmala, "A Study on Reasons Promoting Working Women to buy Instant Food Products", Yojana, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2000, pp.33-36.
[4]. Narang "A Study on Buying Behaviour of Consumer towards Readymade food", Women‟s Link, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2006, pp.32-36.
[5]. Padmanabhan, "Brand Loyalty", Indian Journal of Marketing, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1999, pp. 25-31.
[6]. Rajmohan, "Consumer Preference towards the Sellers of Ready-Made Food Items", South Asian Journal of Management, Vol.12, No.1, 2005.
[7]. Ramasamy, "Buying Behavior of Consumer towards the Readymade Food", Indian Journal of Marketing, Vol.15, No.3, 2005, pp.28-32.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Victorian Ethics in Pre-Raphaelite Art: Depiction of the Fatale Fall of Femme
Country : England
Authors : Azmi Azam
: 10.9790/0837-19617178  logo

Abstract: Pre-Raphaelite paintings and literature depict the fallen women image in various ways. Rossetti, Hunt, Morris, Redgrave, Egg, Brown, Tennyson and so on contributed to illustrate the theme of ragged and fallen women in work of art. These works are highly inspired by medievalideas of virginity and Victorian ethics of morality. This article aims to explore the ideas of womanhood betrayed by love and condemned by male chauvinism. Various examples are given and are described to illustrate the views of fatale fall of women seeking love from men and their sexual frustration that results as a punishment for their immoral and illicit love.
Keywords: Love, betrayed, morality, passion, punishment, frustration, society, weakness, struggle, survival

[1]. Nochlin, L. 1978. "Lost and Found: Once More the Fallen Woman." Art Bulletin, 60.
[2]. Walkowitz, J. 1980.Prostitution and Victorian Society.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[3]. Wood, Christopher. The Pre-Raphaelites. London: Seven Dials, Cassell, 1981.T
[4]. Aristotle, 1960.The Poetics: "Longliness" On the Sublime Demetrius on Style.Cambridge : William Heinemann ltd.
[5]. Cunningham, G., 1978.The New Woman and the Victorian Novel. London: Macmillan.
[6]. Crowley, D., ed., 1970. Hawthorne The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge.
[7]. Eagleton, M., ed., 1996.2nd ed., Feminist Literary Theory. Cambridge: Blackwell Publishers.
[8]. Furman, N., n. d., "The politics of language: beyond the gender principle?‟. In G. Greene and C. Kahn, eds., 1985.Making a
Difference: Feminist Literary Criticism. London:Methuen.

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