IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

June - 2016 Volume 21 - Issue 6

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3 Version 4 Version 5 Version 6 Version 7 Version 8


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Impact of e-Learning and Open Education Resources on the Teaching and Learning of Metalwork Tradesin Technical Colleges in Benue State, Nigeria
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Nwokolo-Ojo, J. O || Igwe, C. O. || Umar, I. Y

Abstract: This study assessed the impact of e-learning and open education resources on the teaching and learning of metalwork trades in Technical Colleges in Benue State; Nigeria. The study adopted a survey research design. A questionnaire with reliability coefficient of 0.83 was employed, and was distributed to metalwork trades teachers in the six technical colleges selected for the study in Benue State. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study.............

Keywords: E-learning, Metalwork trade, Open Educational Resources, Teaching, Technical college

[1] Abidoye, J.A. (2010). The role of electronic learning in improving distance education in Nissie. Journal of Teacher Perspective, 4(2). Retrieved August 23rd, 2015 from www.academicjournals.org/JJNAM/F32BD84246
[2] Adesoji, F.F. (2012). Undergraduate students' perception of the effectiveness of ICT use in improving teaching and learning in Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nissie.Journal of Library and Information Science 4(7), 121-130
[3] Aduwa-Ogiebaen, S. E, & Iyanmu, E.O.S. (2005). Using information and communication technology in Secondary Schools in Nissie: Problems and Prospects. Educational Technology and Society, 8(1), 104-112


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Press And Social Responsibility: Newspaper Coverage Of The 2014 Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak In Nigeria
Country : Nigeria
Authors : William Adesoji Johnson || Goodluck Layefa || Adebisi Taiwo

Abstract: The study is a retrospective analysis of how the Nigerian press covered the 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Nigeria. It employed the content analysis technique in analyzing two national newspapers – The Punch and The Nigerian Tribune, to determine the extent of coverage and the direction/slant of news presentation by the two newspapers. It concludes that Nigerian newspapers, especially the ones studied, were alive to their social responsibility obligations to the society; that at the core of their operations is a firm devotion to public welfare and safety, which they amply demonstrated by giving prominent play to news stories, features and editorials on the dreaded Ebola virus disease, with the view to inform and safeguard the public.

Keywords: Nigerian Press, Social Responsibility, Newspaper Coverage, Ebola Virus, Disease

[1] I. Ndolo, Mass media systems and society (Enugu, RhyceKerex Publishers, 2005).
[2] G. Esimokha, Newspaper and magazine: editing, production, marketing (Lagos, Great Achievers Communications, 2011).
[3] V.N. Agbanu, Mass communication: introduction, techniques and issues (Enugu, RhyceKerex Publishers, 2013).
[4] V. Chowdhury, Role of media in Indian society,www.academia.edu/7304606/Research_paper-role
[5] of media in society (2014)


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Studying the factors affecting the fear of crime in south areas of Tabriz
Country : Iran
Authors : Seyed Reza Rslami

Abstract: Fear of crime is a common phenomenon and one of the problems in modern societies. Factors such as gender, social disorganization, the attitude towards the police, the official social control, and life environment affect the formation and intensification of the phenomenon. Fear of crime is quite normal in proportion to the probable crimes, but when the feeling becomes extreme, it has widespread social and individual effects, including the passivity and social isolation of citizens, the increase of economic and social costs and loss of public trust.............

Keywords: fear of crime, social disorganization, the attitude towards the police, the official social control, gender

[1] Furedi, F, The only Thing we Have to Fear is the Culture of Fear Itself, American Journal of Sociology, 32, 2007, 231-234.
[2] Hassanvand, E, Police strategies to reduce fear of crime. Journal of the detective, 2(20), 2012, 120-151.
[3] Seyyedzadehe .S.M, Repeated fear of crime. Proceedings of the first conference on crime prevention: prevention of crime repetition and criminology, Journal of judiciary law, 4(2), 2008, 339-369.
[4] Paknahad, A, Insecurity and fear of crime feeling. Journal of judiciary law, 5, 2013, 155-180.
[5] Garland, D., "The Limits of the Sovereign State Strategies of Crime Control in Contemporary Society", The British Journal of Criminology, 36(4), 2006. 88-94.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Effectiveness of Nigeria's Amnesty Programme in Peace Restoration in the Niger Delta
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Johnson Egbemudia Dudu Ph.D || & Boris Happy Odalonu

Abstract: The declaration of amnesty to the Niger Delta militants by the Federal Government was seen as a roadmap to restore peace in the region. Thus, this study was carried out to investigate the effectiveness of the amnesty programme in restoring and promoting sustainable peace in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The study was conducted in four local government areas of Delta State. Data were collected through the administration of questionnaires, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. Using a survey research design, 1407 questionnaires which served as the sample size of this study were distributed but 1370 were retrieved and used for data analysis............

Keywords: Amnesty, Effectiveness, Niger Delta, Peace Restoration, Nigeria

[1] Agbegbedia, O. A. (2014) Gender Mainstreaming and the Impacts of the Federal Government Amnesty Programme in the Niger Delta Region International Journal of Gender and Women's Studies, Vol. 2(2); 177-195
[2] Ikelegbe, A. (2010) Oil, Resource Conflicts and the Post Conflict Transition in the Niger Delta Region: Beyond Amnesty. Centre for Population and Environmental Development (CPED) Benin City, Ambik Press.
[3] Faleti, S.A. (2007). Theories of social conflict, Introduction to peace and conflict. Best, G.S (Ed.). Introduction to peace and conflict studies in West Africa. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.
[4] Ajayi, I. A. & Adesote, S. A. ( 2013).The Gains and Pains of the Amnesty Programme in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, 2007- 2012: A Preliminary Assessment. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 48: 506.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Coping Mechanisms And Survival Strategies As Factors In The Reconstruction Of Professional Identities Among African Immigrant Teachers In South African Schools
Country : South Africa
Authors : Saloshna Vandeyar || Thirusellvan Vandeyar || Kolawole Elufisan

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore various coping mechanisms and survival strategies employed by African immigrant teachers in South African schools which helped them to successfully reconstruct their professional identities. This study which is qualitative in nature used semi-structured interviews, observations, researcher‟s journal and field notes to obtain data from the participants. The data obtained from five African immigrant teachers through narratives of their stories were analysed by means of content analysis............

Keywords: African immigrant teachers; professional identity; reconstruction; South African schools; coping mechanisms; survival strategies; resilience

[1] Allard, A., & Cooper, M. (2001). "Learning to cooperate‟: a study of how primary teachers and children construct relations of power, Asia Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 29(2), 153-169.

[2] Allard, A.C., & Santoro, N. (2006). Troubling identities: teacher education students‟ constructions of class and ethnicity. Cambridge Journal of Education, 36(1), 115- 129.
[3] Appleton, S., Sives, A., & Morgan, W.J. (2006). The impact of international teacher migration on schooling in developing countries- the case of Southern Africa. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 4(1), 121-142.
[4] Carnoy, M., & Rhoten, D. (2002). What does globalization mean for understanding educational change? A comparative approach. Comparative Education Review, 46(1), 1-9.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Impact Of Distance Education On Marital Stability As Perceived By Female Students At Selected Nairobi Public Universities
Country : Kenya
Authors : Otieno Caroline Marygorety Akinyi

Abstract: Long-distance relationships are becoming increasingly common. Studies show that about one third of all dating relationships among university students are long distance. The study attempts to investigate how socialization and gendered outcomes in public universities, interact with distance learning status to predict marital stability from the perspective of female students. The objective of this paper is to investigate how gender and long distance studies affect marital stability. It integrates analysis of gender and relationship security in predicting stability of long-distance relationship..........

Keywords: Distance-learning, marital stability, empowerment, gender roles, challenges, marriage stability

[1] Antony K, Greville T (1981).Distance Technology for Higher and adult Education London: The Open University.
[2] Ausubel DP (1968). Educational psychology: A cognitive view. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
[3] Ausubel DP, Novack JD, Hanesian R(1978). Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View, Holt Rinehart and Winston, New York.
[4] Boadu EA (2000). Gender Disparities in Education, Health and Labour force participation in Ghana: University of Ghana, Pupil Impact Project.
[5] Delling RM (1975). Distant study as an opportunity for learning. The system of distance education, ICCE, 58-59. Malmo, Hermods


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : MolluskGatherers in a Tropical Urban Estuary: Fishing Activities and Environmental Perceptions
Country : Brazil
Authors : Anna Carla Feitosa Ferreira de Souza || Daniele Mariz || Susmara Silva Campos || Simone Ferreira Teixeira

Abstract: Considering that traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) perpetuates even with urban pressures, the present study aim to investigate the social, ecological and economic aspects of the fishing activities and environmental perceptions of mollusk gatherers in the community of Brasília Teimosa, northeastern Brazil. Using semi-structured interviews and the snow-ball method, 35 mollusk gatherers were interviewed between February 2006 and May 2008, where 82.9% of whom were female............

Keywords: Artisanal fisheries,mollusk gathering, northeastern Brazil, traditional knowledge.

[1] A. Begossi, Scale of Interactions of Brazilian Populations (Caiçaras and Caboclos) with Resources and Institutions, Human Ecology Review, 6(1), 1999, 1-7.
[2] E.R.O. Botelho, and M.C.F.A. Santos, Cata de crustáceos e moluscos no manguezal do Rio Camaragibe - Estado de Alagoas: Aspectos sócio-ambiental e técnico-econômico, Boletim Técnico Científico do CEPENE, 13(2), 2005, 77-96.
[3] A. Begossi, N. Hanazaki, and N. Peroni, Knowledge and use of biodiversity in Brazilian Hot Spots, Environment, Development and Sustainability, 2, 2000, 177–193.
[4] Y. Schaeffer-Novelli, Perfil dos ecossistemas litorâneos brasileiros, com especial ênfase sobre o ecossistema manguezal, Instituto Oceanográfico, 7, 1989, 1-16.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Constraints to Smallholder Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Fadama Areas
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Jake Dan-Azumi

Abstract: -Fadama areas (floodplains) are extensively used by smallholders for agricultural production and hence it is of critical importance to their survival and economic development. Fadama farming relies on the high moisture retention capability of the floodplains making it suitable for recession (dry season) farming. Farming families engage in subsistence farming in which family needs determine the scale of production and wherein small plots of land are cultivated by individual owners or sub-owners using age-old methods of soil and water management..............

Keywords: Fadama, Smallholders, Sustainability, Productivity, Institutions, Indigenous Knowledge, Nigeria

[1] ABDULLAHI, H. J. & HAMZA, I. 2003. Women and land in Northern Nigeria: the rights. In: WANYEKI, L. M. (ed.) Women and Land in Africa. London: Zed Books.
[2] ADAMS, W. M. 1991. Large scale irrigation in Northern Nigeria: Performance and ideology. Trans. Inst. British Geogr. N.S, 16, 287-300.
[3] ADEGBOYE, R. O. 1967. The need for land reform in Nigeria. Niger. J. Econ. Soc. Studies, 9, 339–350.
[4] ADENIYI, E. O. 1972. Land tenure and agricultural development in Nupeland. Niger. Geogr. J., 15, 49–59.
[5] ADERINOKUN, K. 2008. Food Crisis: FG Lifts Import Duties on Rice. Thisday, May 8, 2008, p.1.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Human Capital Investment In Poor Households
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Elfina Rohmah || Bambang Banu Siswoyo || Hari Wahyono || Sri Umi Mintarti Widjaja

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analize what variables that used to distinguish the decisions for poor households to invest in human capital in the education field. The study was applied to the parents of poor households that have junior high school children in their last year with the total of 240 respondents. Using discriminant analysis, the findings showed that the variable of school fee, parent's expectations, the level of household income and the time allocation of parents to children's education are significant variables to distinguish between the poor households which continue their education and those which don't. The variable become the best distinguisher is the perception of parents towards the school fees.

Keywords: Household income, human capital investment, poor households, school fees, the expectations of parents

[1] Todaro, M. & Smith, S., Pembangunan Ekonomi dunia Ke Tiga Jilid 1. Translated by Haris Munandar; Puji A.L. 8th ed. (Jakarta: Erlangga, 2003).
[2] T. K. Bradshaw, Theories Of Poverty And Anti-poverty Programs In Community Development. Working paper series, Issue 06-05 Columbia: Rural Poverty Research Center, 2006.
[3] Suyanto, B., Anatomi Kemiskinan dan Strategi Penanganannya. (Malang: In-TRANS Publishing, 2013).
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[5] M. Awan, The Impact of Human Capital on Urban Poverty: The Case of Sargodha City. Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol.4[No.1], 2011, 1-9.