IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

January. 2017 Volume 22 - Issue 1

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3 Version 4 Version 5 Version 6

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Transition Toward Participatory Democracy Through Panchayti Raj Institutions: A Paradox of Gender Equality in Himachal Pradesh
Country : India
Authors : Prem R. Bhardwaj || Veena Devi
: 10.9790/0837-2201010105     logo

Abstract: The issue of good governance though has always remained in the forefront in journey of modernisation, at least at the theoretical level, yet the unequal distribution of resources and consequently, elimination of the people living in the peripheral regions, very often create violent and bizarre conditions having disastrous implications for poor and weaker sections of the society of which the women become the first victim. In any society, no matter how developed it is, the main targets of these violent changes are women, children and the aged, particularly those belonging to lower sections of society.......

Keywords: De-cultured, Deity System, Hegemonic Masculinity, Panchayti Raj Institutions, Subordination, MNREGA.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Infusion Of Techno Pedagogy In Elementary Teacher Education Curriculum: Perspectives And Challenges
Country : India
Authors : Leema K M || Dr. T. Mohamed Saleem
: 10.9790/0837-2201010610      logo

Abstract: Acquiring techno-pedagogical proficiencies will make teaching and learning a pleasurable exercise as it would minimize the pressure on the teachers and enable the students to delve deeper into domain of knowledge. Teacher education curriculum is responsible for imparting such abilities to modern teachers. This paper is an effort to review newly revised and restructured elementary teacher education curriculum of Kerala for contents to improve techno pedagogical skills of student teachers. And the paper will try to perform analysis on the effectiveness of the current contents enabling techno pedagogical skills, in the teacher education curriculum of Kerala and also, it will try to identify the challenges in transaction of technological contents in current syllabus. Despite the existing contents for enabling techno pedagogical skills, there are still many areas need improvement, the paper will also provide suggestions for further development in those sections.

Keywords: Infusion, techno pedagogy, elementary teacher education curriculum

[1] Archambault, L., & Crippen, K. (2009). Examining TPACK among K-12 online distance educators in the United States. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 9(1), 71-88. Retrieved from http://www.citejournal. org/vol9/iss1/general/article2.cfm
[2] Recognising the potential of ICT in early childhood education by UNESCO (
[3] Beaudin, L., & Hadden, C. (2004). Developing techno pedagogical skills in preservice teachers. In Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2004, 492-498. Norfolk,VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. Retrieved from
[4] Koehler, M. J., & Mishra, P. (2005). What Happens When Teachers Design Educational Technology? The Development of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32(2), 131-152.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Globalization and the culture/creative industries: An assessment of Nigeria's position in the global space
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Chivuzo A.J. Offiah
: 10.9790/0837-2201011123      logo

Abstract: Globalization has shaped every facet of human life, and its inevitability has also impacted the culture and creative industries. Driven largely by economic benefits and advances in cross-border communication technologies, globalization of cultural goods and services has been hailed as a welcome development. Many societies are taking advantage of this as an opportunity to export their culture, increase their global soft power, and establish their presence and relevance in the global space. In this regard, Nigeria competes with many other countries. Her cultural output as a nation has been recognized and acknowledged globally, placing her on a pedestal far above her African contemporaries...........

Keywords: Creative and culture industries, fashion, globalization, music

[1] Adedeji, W. (2016). The Nigerian music industry: Challenges, prospects and possibilities. International Journal of Recent Research in Social Sciences and Humanities , 3 (1), 261-271.
[2] Agunbiade, T. (2016, June 23). TechCabal. Retrieved June 27, 2016, from TechCabal:
[3] Aibueku, U. (2016, February 16). In textile industry, a hidden goldmine. Retrieved June 20, 2016, from The Guardian:
[4] Aspers, P., & Godart, F. (2013). Sociology of fashion: Order and change. Annual Review of Sociology , 39, 92-171.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Organizational Performance And Growth: The Mediating Role Of Human Asset Accounting In Nigeria Banking Industry
Country : Nigeria
Authors : ADEBAWOJO, Oladipupo Akindehinde
: 10.9790/0837-2201012429      logo

Abstract: Human effort is a critical major factor in the performance and growth of organisations. Tools such as machines, materials and money cannot be meaningful without being driven by human. Human elements however, are not documented in balance sheets of organisations like physical and intangible assets, which would lead to the understatement of true organisations' performances. This study therefore examined the mediating role of human asset accounting on organizational performance and growth in Nigeria banking industry. Survey and ex-post facto research designs were adopted. The population consisted of the management staff of eighteen quoted banks in Nigeria........

Keywords – Human Asset-Accounting, Nigerian Banks, Performance, Growth

[1] Abowd, J.M., Milkacich, G.T., & Hanna J.M.(1989). The effect of human resource management decisions on shareholder value. Center for Advance Human Resource Studies (CAHRS) Working Paper series, paper 418. Retrieved from
[2] Abubakar, S. (2011). Human resource accounting and the quality of financial reporting of quoted service companies in Nigeria. A Dissertation Submitted to Postgraduate School, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, for the Award of Doctoral Degree in Accounting and Finance.Retrived from
[3] Abubakar, S. (2009).A critique of the concept of human resource accounting.Nigerian Journal of Accounting and Finance, 1(1), 93-104.
[4] Access Bank Plc. (2010).Annual Report and Accounts. Lagos, Nigeria

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Challenges of tax revenue generation in developing countries: Adopting the carrot and stick approach
Country : Malaysia
Authors : Mohammed Abdullahi Umar || Chek Derashid || Idawati Ibrahim
: 10.9790/0837-2201013034      logo

Abstract: The study reiterates the challenges of tax revenue generation in developing countries. While the advanced countries have traditionally performed well in tax revenue generation, developing countries continue to perform poorly. This accounts for the economic development challenges faced by these countries. The study identifies tax noncompliance as a key factor for the current underperformance of tax revenue in developing countries. However, there are over sixty variables associated with tax noncompliance in existing literature and this could lead to confusion in the effort to tackle noncompliance. There is need to streamline existing variables by identifying the key ones in the context of developing countries........

Key words :- Audit and sanction ,Carrot and stick, Developing countries, Socioeconomic condition,Tax compliance

[1] Aiko, R. & Logan, C. (2014). Africa's willing taxpayers thwarted by opaque tax systems, corruption. Afrobarometer, Policy Paper NO. 7
[2] Allingham , M.G&Sandmo, A.(1972). Income tax evasion, a theoretical analysis.Journal of Public Economics, 1(1972)323 – 338 .
[3] Alm, J. Jackson, B. &Mckee, M.(1992). Estimating the determinants of taxpayer compliance with experimental data, National Tax Journal, 45(1)107 – 114.Anderson, J.E. (2012). Public Finance: Principles and Policies. Masson Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning.
[4] Besley, T. &Persson, T.(2014). Why do developing countries tax so little? Journal of Economic Perspectives, 28(4) 99 – 120.doi:10.1257/jep.28.4.99
[5] Brautigam, D.(2002). Building Levithian: Revenue, state capacity and governance.IDS Bulletin.33(3)

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Human Interference and Deterioration of the Character of Wetlands: A Micro level Study in Labpur Block, Birbhum District, West Bengal
Country : India
Authors : Niladri Das
: 10.9790/0837-2201013544      logo

Abstract: The term 'wetland' is used broadly and covers a wide range of environmental units including swamps, bogs, salt marshes, lakes and some river edges. Wetlands have simultaneously been described as the "Kidneys of Landscape" and as "Biological Supermarkets" because they act as stock of natural resources, have potential to provide diverse flows of various socio-economic services. But unfortunately, countrywise wetland loss over the last 150 years is calculated at a staggering 90% due human need and greed. Labpur block in Birbhum district is a wetland dominated block. About 12.64% area out of total block area is under wetlands. There are 10 major seasonal...........

Keywords: Barrage Construction, Embankment construction, Ground water draft, Irrigation, Road construction

[1] Cowardin, L.M., Carter, Virginia, Golet, F.C. and La Roe, E.T., Classification of Wetlands and deepwater habitat of United States, US Fish and Wildfish Service Report FWS/ OBS-79/31, 1979, 131.
[2] Roy, M.B., Roy, P.K., Samal N.R., Mazumder, A., Socio-Economic Valuation of Wetland Based Occupations of Lower Gangatic Basin through Approach, Journal of Environment and Natural Resources Research, 2 (4), 2012, 30-44.
[3] Tracy, B., Stephen, P., Vauling urban wetlands: A review of non-market valuation studies, Wetlands, 24, 2004, 744-755.
[4] Office of Technology Assessment, Wetlands: Their use and regulation, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, OTA-O-206, 1984.
[5] United Nations Environmental Programme, "The Environment in the News", Wednesday 17 October, 2012, 2.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road And China's Engagement With Asean : Is It China's Shift Fromuse Of Hard Power To Strategic Smart Power With Chinese Characteristics?
Country : China
Authors : Ephraim Abele Kayembe
: 10.9790/0837-2201014552     logo

Abstract: One of emerging central claims in the field of International Cooperation as regards to Chinese engagement with ASEAN countries is that China has conceptualized and developed the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (NMSR) as a strategy of strategic shift from the total use of hard power tools to deployment of a combination of both hard and soft power tools as new mechanisms of engagement with ASEAN with the aim of consolidating Chinese influence over ASEAN so as to reduce serious tensions over territorial disputes in South China Sea.Drawing on the significance of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and the theoretical perspectives of hard power and soft power...........

Keywords: 21st Century New Maritime Silk Road, Hard and Soft Power, Strategic Smart Power, Territorial Disputes and Joint Economic Development and Prosperity

[1] Attayanake, C (2016). China's MSR and ASEAN: Extension of Peaceful Development or Furthering Influence?
[2] Szczudlik-Tar, Justyna (2013). China's New Silk Road Diplomacy; Policy Paper vol.34 No. 84. The Polish Institute of International Affairs, December.
[3] Godement, F (2015). " One Belt, One Road: China's Great Leap Outward", European Council of Foreign Affairs,
[4] Attayanake, C (2016). China's MSR and ASEAN: Extension of Peaceful Development or Furthering Influence?
[5] Layne, C (2008). " China's Challenge to US Hegemony; Current History.