IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

May - 2017 Volume 22 - Issue 5

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3 Version 4 Version 5 Version 6 Version 7 Version 8 Version 9

Version 10 Version 11

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Effect of Working Climate, Team Effectiveness, Job Satisfaction and Normative Commitment OnPerformance Of Primary School Principals In Medan
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Yusuf, Prof. Dr. Zainuddin || Prof. Dr. Abdul Hamid K
: 10.9790/0837-2205010110      logo

Abstract: This study aims are to determine: (1) the influence of the working climate on job satisfaction of primary school principals in Medan; (2) the effect of the team's effectiveness on job satisfaction of primary school principals in Medan; (3) the effect on the working climate normative commitment of primary school principals in Medan; (4) the effect of the team's effectiveness against normative commitment of primary school principals in Medan; (5) working climate influence on the performance of primary school principals in Medan; (6) the effect of the team's effectiveness on the performance of primary school principals in Medan; (7) the effect of job satisfaction on the performance..........

Keywords: Work climate, team effectiveness, job satisfaction, normative commitment, performance of primary school principals

[1]. Ali, Ali Yassin Sheikh dan Abdulkadir Mohamud Dahie. 2015. "Leadership Style and Teacher Job Satisfaction: Empirical Survey from Secondary Schools in Somalia". Research on Humanities and Social Sciences – Vol.5, No.8, 2015
[2]. Allen, N.J., andJP. Meyer. 1990. "The Measurement and Antecedents of Affective Continuance, and Normative Commitment to Organization". Journal of Occupational
[3]. Anshori. 2003. Kamus Inggris Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia
[4]. Aryanti, SWD. 2003. "Pengaruh Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Karyawan". Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi & Kewirausahaan, Vol. 01, No. 04, Agustus 2003
[5]. Chen, Charlie C.,Jiinpo Wu, Samuel C. Yang, dan Hsin-Yi Tsou. 2011. "Importance of Diversified Leadership Roles in Improving Team Effectiveness in a Virtual Collaboration Learning Environment". Educational Technology & Society, 11 (1), 304-321

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Protectors Become Perpetrators: An overview
Country : Bangladesh
Authors : Kalim Ullah
: 10.9790/0837-2205011118      logo

Abstract: The law enforcing agencies which are considered the key component of a democratic society all over the world are primarily responsible for the preservation of peace and order, protection of life and property of the citizens and prevention as well as detection of crime. But during the few years human rights violations by the law enforcing agencies in Bangladesh have increased alarmingly. In this paper an attempt has been made to focus the human rights violations that are alleged to have been done by the law enforcing agency and to explore the reasons why the protectors become perpetrators............

Keywords: Law enforcing agency, Human rights, Violation, Extra-judicial killing.

[1]. Faruque, Dr.Abdullah Al, Goals and Purpose of Criminal Justice System in Bangladesh: An evaluation, Bangladesh Journal of Law, Vol. 11, No. 1, (2011), p. 1.
[2]. European Commission, Activating the Justice System in Bangladesh, (2005)
[3]. Ministry of Home Affairs.
[4]. Dhaka, Jan 12, Bangladesh Sangbad Shanghtha (BSS) - Law Ministry is scrutinizing the draft of a proposed law entitled 'identification of the Convicted, Arrested , Suspected and Crime Scene Related

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Gross Violation of Human Rights in Aceh: Patterns of Violence through the Indonesian Government's Policy
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Dahniar || Adwani || Mujibussalim || Mahfud
: 10.9790/0837-2205011940      logo

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which of the practice of the state's responsibility for the settlement of gross violation of human rights in Aceh (Indonesia). In many ways, human rights in Aceh are being violated, people are individually and as groups repressed and intimidated, and there is the situation of impunity. Since 1976-2005, Indonesia annexed Aceh at gunpoint while the UN watched silently, while the people of Aceh have been denied their basic human rights, including the rights self-determination. During non-international armed conflict between the Free Aceh Movement and the Soldiers of the Republic of Indonesia (1989-2005), the National Commission..............

KEY WORDS: Gross Violation of Human Rights, Non International Armed Conflict in Aceh, Indonesia Government's Policy, State Responsibility, Responsibility to Protect, International Criminal Court.

[1]. Ayoob, Mohammed. Humanitarian Intervention and State Sovereignty. International Journal of Human Rights 6 (1):81-102, 2002.
[2]. Adwani, Perlindungan Terhadap Orang-Orang Dalam Daerah Konflik Bersenjata Menurut Hukum Humaniter Internasional, Jurnal Dinamika Hukum, Vol.12 No.1, 2012
[3]. Brown, Robert, and Michael Alexander, Sovereignty in the Modern Age. Canada United States Law Journal 20:273-296, 1994
[4]. E.G. Orentlicher, D.F, Setting Accounts: The Duty to Prosecute Human Rights Violations of a Prior Regime, 100 Yale Law Journal, (pp.2361,2568), 1991.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Note on the Incest Taboo: The Case of the Matrilineal Khasis
Country : India
Authors : Davina Diengdoh Ropmay
: 10.9790/0837-2205014146      logo

Abstract: Incest Taboo serves as one important aspect under kinship studies. Understanding the rules prohibiting intimate and sexual relations with certain kin throws light on how other facets of a social organisation operate such as marriage, clan organisation and kinship terminology. The existence of the Incest Taboo among the Khasi, a major matrilineal tribal group of Meghalaya, provides us a picture on how such facets are determined. Therefore, this article attempts to describe the bounds of the incest taboo among the Khasis and the serious implication it has towards the maintenance and perpetuation of the society as a whole

Keywords : Incest, Exogamy, Incest Taboo, Marriage, Khasi.

[1] Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. and Forde, Daryll, African Systems of Kinship and Marriage, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1950)
[2] Leavitt, Gregory C., Tylor vs. Westermarck: Explaining the Incest Taboo, Sociology Mind, 3(1), 2013, 45-51.
[3] Notes and Queries on Anthropology: A Committee of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1951).
[4] Seligman, Brenda Z., The Problem of Incest and Exogamy: A restatement, American Anthroplogist, 52, 1950, 305-316.
[5] Murdock, George Peter, Social Structure, (New York: The MacMillan Company, 1949).

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Littoral States Maritme Security: Issues and Challenges
Country : India
Authors : Devakumar.j.
: 10.9790/0837-2205014758      logo

Abstract: nation's social and economic well-being is intricately linked to the seas, not only for trade but also how it faces threats to its own security that develop across the seas...our resolve to achieve high growth can be realised only if our maritime frontiers and assets are safe, stable and act as enablers. The Indian Navy, as the primary element of India's maritime power, has the challenging task of safeguarding the country's maritime interests." …..Shri -Pranab Mukherjee, Hon'ble President of India

Key words :- Littoral States- Coastal States, Maritime –Nautical, Legal Regime-Lawful Governance, Choke Points-Sea waterway between two land Points, UNCLOS- UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

[1]. Aparupa Bhattacherjee (ed)The Maritime Great Game-India, China, US & The Indian Ocean, Institute of Peace and Conflict studies, New Delhi, India (2015).p.211
[2]. David Michel & Russell Sticklor, Indian Ocean Rising: Maritime Security and Policy Challenges. Govt.of India, New Delhi.(2014).p 144-48
[3]. Govt. of India, Indian Maritime Doctrine, 2009, Chapter 7, pp. 89-122.
[4]. Panikkar K.M, India and the Indian Ocean: An Essay on the Influence of Sea Power on Indian History, (1956).p. 19.
[5]. Rupert Herbert-Burns, The Economic Times dated 27 March 2015.p.12

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Comparative Study of Methods: GTM and CLT
Country : India
Authors : Pooja Kalia
: 10.9790/0837-2205015963      logo

Abstract: Language learning is a complex activity. It is a fact that a teacher cannot learn on behalf of learners but can only help to create opportunities in the class. A language-learning classroom tends to run much differently from a typical lecture study classroom. It is worthwhile for the teacher to keep in mind various approaches rather than a specific method. Unless we gear our material, approach and syllabus to the needs of the class, we cannot open up new doors for the students. But the irony is the countries where English is mother-tongue, a lot of research is done on English Language Teaching whereas in India, where we really face big problems on ELT, there is hardly any research on it..............

Keywords: Language learning class room, approaches, methods, English language teaching (ELT), lecture style classroom.

[1]. Jack C. Richards and Theodore S. Rodgers, Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching: A Description and Analyses. Cambridge University Press, 2001, p.3. Ibid. p.5.
[2]. Sachdeva, M.S. A New Approach to Teaching of English in India, Tandon/Vinod Publications, p.61.
[3]. Yule, George, the Study of Language: An Introduction, Cambridge University Press, 1985.
[4]. Jack C. Richards and Theodore S. Rodgers, Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching: A Description and Analyses. Cambridge University Press, 2001.
[5]. Ibid.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Noun: A Comparative Analysis between the Arabic and the English Languages
Country : Bangladesh
Authors : Syed Sahid Ahammad
: 10.9790/0837-2205016473      logo

Abstract: In the history of civilization different human races have created different languages to express their thoughts, ideas, feelings and emotions. With the passage of time the world has become a global village and at the moment, we should know different languages to understand each other easily. Noun is one of the most significant components of all languages. We cannot think the existence of a language without noun. In this article, a comparative analysis of noun of Arabic language and English language has been made which will discover the similarities between the languages. This article is expected to explore some important aspects of Noun in both Arabic and English languages by applying qualitative and analytical research methods.

Keywords: Noun, English, Arabic, Language.

[1]. Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short. A Latin Dectionary (Newyourk: Oxford University Press. Fisrt ed.1875, last ed.1947)
[2]. Merriam – Webstar Dectionary (online) Merriam – Webstar, Incorporated 2014
[3]. Loos, Eugene. Et al 2003. Glossary of linguistic terms; what is noun?
[4]. Al-Bayati, Tahir, Al-Lugah Al-Engiligiyyah (Beirut: Al-Ahliyyah publishers, 2nd edi. 2008)
[5]. Wren & Martin, High School English Grammar and Composition (New Delhi, S. Chad & Company, 7361, Ram Nagar)

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Study of Sociological Changes of Relationship with the Opposite Sex among Iranin Youth
Country : Iran
Authors : Dr.Ali Ghanbari barzian
: 10.9790/0837-2205017479      logo

Abstract: The changes in Iranian society cause the undermining of the traditional pattern of relationship with the opposite sex and it has been replaced by some modern patterns, and in the meantime the role of family has become deemphasized. The results of this study paper, which used secondary analysis method indicated that data from various studies suggest that36.2 percent of youth have a girlfriend or boyfriend and 63.8 percent have girlfriend or boyfriend, while 33 percent of youth were studied willing to establish friendly relationships with the opposite sex…the percent of new traditionalists is more than the other types, among the sample of girls, new traditionalists occupy the first rank and modernists(though with the difference of three percent) are ranked second. According to the given definition, modernity is more observable among boys.

Keywods. Relationship- sexual identity- relationship with the opposite sex- typology.

[1]. Rubin, Hogoot, (2001) university and Sexual Revolution, Chicago University Press
[2]. Seid man Stuart N. (1995). A Review Article of Sexual Behavior in the United States Graw-hill Newyork.
[3]. Taylor, and Aspence and Rooger, (1999), Sex Myths, New School New York
[4]. Waite.linda,(2002), Man and Woman General Happiness and Sexual Satisfaction, Chicago university.
[5]. Ohadi, Behnam. (2007), the Sexual Tendencies and Behaviors of Human Beings, SadeghHedayat Publications.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : C.S. Lewis and his works, with Special Emphasis on 'Chronicles of Narnia'
Country : India
Authors : Sunita David
: 10.9790/0837-2205018082      logo

Abstract: C.S. Lewis was a prolific Irish writer and scholar best known for his Chronicles of Narnia fantasy series as well as his Christian texts. Born on November 29, 1898, in Belfast Ireland, C.S. Lewis went on to teach at Oxford University and became a renowned apologist writer, using logic and philosophy to support the tenets of his Christian faith. Lewis graduated from Oxford University with a focus on literature and classic philosophy, and in 1925 was awarded a fellowship teaching position at Magdalene College, which was part of the university. There, he also joined the group known as The Inklings, an informal collective of writers and intellectuals who counted among their members Lewis' brother, Warren Lewis, and J.R.R. Tolkien. It was through conversations with group members that Lewis found himself re-embracing Christianity after having become disillusioned with the faith as a youth.

[3]. Myth Made Truth: The Origins of the Chronicles of Narnia by Mark Bane
[4]. Chronicles of Narnia: Masterpiece of Christian Allegory by Steve Bonta from 'The New American' Friday, 10 December 2010.
[5]. Chapter 6: Allegory and Symbolism: Deciphering the Chronicles.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : An Optimality and Feature Geometry Theoretic account of Spirantisation in Bushehri Dialects
Country : Iran
Authors : Kord-e Zafaranlu Kambuziya. Aliyeh || Aryaei. Pegah || Bahrami-e khorshid. Sahar
: 10.9790/0837-2205018392      logo

Abstract: This paper intends to illustrate an analysis about spirantization, one of the Common Phonological Processes in some regional varieties of Bushehri, in the framework of Optimality Theory [1] and Feature Geometry Theory [2]. Bushehr Province with an area of 23167 square kilometers is located in southern Iran. Speakers in this province can be divided into two general branches: northern and southern branches. Speakers in the northern branch speak a dialect like Luri. Speakers in the southern branch speak dialects that are like what is common in Fars Province. In Bushehri dialects there are four consonants which engage in spirantization process. These consonants include /b, p, d, G/ which are changed.............

Keywords: Optimality Theory (OT), feature geometry, lenition, spirantization, Bushehr, dialect.

[1] J. McCarthy, Doing optimality theory: Applying theory to data (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. doi: 10. 1002/9781444301182, 2008).
[2] G. N. Clements, The Geometry of Phonological Features, Phonology Yearbook 2,. Cambridge university press,1985, 225-252
[3] R. Kirchner, An effort-based approach to consonant lenition, Doctoral dissertation. UCLA, 1998.
[4] G. Windfuhr, The Iranian Languages (Rutledge, Taylor & Francis Group, London and New York, 2009).
[5] D. Crystal, A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics (Oxford: Blackwell, 2008).

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Market Mechanism As Price Determinant (Analysis Thinking of Ibnu Taimiyah)
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Sri Sudiarti
: 10.9790/0837-2205019397      logo

Abstract: Ibnu Taimiyyah was a thinker and scholar of Islam who was born in Harran, on January 22, 1263 M (10 or 12 Rabiul Awwal 661 H). He came from a highly educated family. He is the first Muslim scholars which gives great attention to the market and the price mechanism. Ibnu Taimiyyah in the discussion of price often use two terms, namely 'iwad al-mithl (equivalent compensation) and thaman al-mithl (equivalent price ). In price regulation, Ibnu Taimiyyah propose two forms of regulation that is a fair and legal price regulation and regulatory unfair (unjust) and illegal price regulation.............

Keywords: Market, Price, Ibnu Taimiyah

[1] A. Adiwarman, H. Karim, Islamic Micro Economic, Jakarta:PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2008, pp. 181.
[2] I. Taimiyah, Al-Hisbah Fi Al-Islam, Kairo, Al-Maktabah Al-Ilmiyah, 1976, pp. 18.

[3] A. A. Karim, Hystory of Islamic Economic, Jakarta:PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2008, pp. 358.
[4] Team LP3EI UII Yogyakarta, Islamic Economic, PT RajaGrafindo Persada:2008, pp. 337.
[5] I. Taimiyah, Fatwa-fatwa Ibn Taimiyah, Edition of Indonesia, Trans.. Izzuddin Karimi, Tahqiq. Amir al-Jazzar & Anwar al-Baz, Jakarta:Pustaka Sahifa,2008, pp. 19.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Tool for Understanding the Transformation within Higher Education Administration Processes: International Exchange Programs (Erasmus Exchange Program)
Country : Turkey
Authors : Dr. Esra Ebru MAVİ
: 10.9790/0837-22050198107      logo

Abstract: Globalisation has shown its effect through the transformation experienced in economic, social and political areas at the end of 20th century. Globalisation has had a major impact on in public administration area apart from focusing the argumentation on questioning the existence of a state at the last degree. The change in public administration becomes concrete by analysing service sector. Education sector is one of the most significant areas in which the change in public sector seems visible in addition to characteristics of labour. Education services organized by government in Turkeyis discussed through the impact of neoliberal policies. In the study, the transformation of higher education administration, a part of education system, will be discussed within the framework of New Public Service Administration notion

Keywords: Public services, public administration, education policy, academic mobility, Erasmus Exchange Program

[1] Akbulut, Ö., (2007)Küreselleşme, Ulus Devlet ve Kamu Yönetimi, Ankara, TODAİE.
[2] Alaylıoğlu, R.,Oğuzkan, F. (1976), Ansiklopedik Eğitim Sözlüğü, İstanbul, İnkılap ve Aka, 2. Press.
[3] Aykın, M., S., Uysal O. C. (2003) "EğitimdeAvrupaBoyutu: Socrates, Leonardo da Vinci veGençlikEylemProgramları". AvrupaBirliğiveTürkiye (ed. Erdem, M.Ş., MehterAykın, S. Bursa,Ezgi, s.365-386.
[4] Bayraktar, G. (2003) "Yeni Sağ Düşüncesinin Kamu Yönetimindeki Yansıması Olarak Yeni Kamu Yönetimi Anlayışı", içinde Türkiye'de Kamu Yönetimi, (Ed. Burhan Aykaç, Şenol Durgun, Hüseyin Yayman), Ankara,Yargı.
[5] Bayramoğlu, S.,(Kış-Bahar 2003), "Düzenleyici Devlet Düzenlenirken: OECD Türkiye Raporu Üzerine Eleştirel Bir Çözümleme", Praksis, S.9.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Technical Skill and Professional Practices of Tailors and Seamstress in Abeokuta Metropolis
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Sunday Roberts. Ogunduyile (Ph.D) || David Olajde Makinde (Ph.D) || Peter Oladipo Olowookere || Olugbenga Benjamin Emidun
: 10.9790/0837-220501108118      logo

Abstract: Technical skill is important in the study of design and tailoring styles. This study assesses the technical skill of tailor and seamstress in Abeokuta, Ogun state Nigeria with objectives of examining consumers' opinion on sewing skill, investigation of tailoring facilities and also investigation level of level of interest of the youth in the vocation. The study adopted survey design. The instrument used was structured questionnaire which was used to elicit data from respondents..............

Keywords: Technical skill, tailor, seamstresses, consumers, sewing skill

[1]. Abati, R. (2009): The buy-Nigerian-goods all accessed on 16th November, 2010.
[2]. Abe, T.O (2007): Critique of what to and how to do it in project writing, Akure, J.V Educational publishers.
[3]. Aczel, A.D. (1996): Complete Business Statistics 3rd Edition, UK, IRWIN.
[4]. Ajayi, T. (2002): Textile as tools for national development. In Design History in Nigeria, Akinbogun, T. L. (2000): Old wine, new bottles: A cycle of styles in the arts. In Journal of Creative Arts 1, 2.
[5]. Akinlami, O. (1999): The Yoruba cloth weaving Technology and development over time: its prospect in the 21st century. In proceedings of the 21st century convention on Education, Technology and Communication in the 21st century.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Mapping the Traumatized Subject in Chinese American Literature
Country : Tunisia
Authors : Faten Houioui
: 10.9790/0837-220501119126      logo

Abstract: The literature that represents extreme physical and psychic violence hinges on the recorded experiences of the survivor. Such literature is read and interpreted in light of trauma theory. However, trauma studies are generally restricted either to Holocaust Studies or African American or Native American Literature. The holocaust1 is being represented, theorized and even canonized in relation to trauma studies. Consequently the focus on one group's traumatization minimizes the sufferings of other groups such as the Chinese immigrants to the United States of America before the Communist takeover in 1949.

[1]. Adams, Bella. Amy Tan: Contemporary World Writers .U.K: Manchester Press. 2005.
[2]. Caruth, Cathy.Trauma Explorations in Memory. Baltimore. The John Hopkins University Press, 1995.
[3]. Chang, Iris. The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War Two. New York: Penguin books.1997
[4]. Chesler, Phyllis. Women and Madness. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1997.
[5]. Cheung,King-Kog.An Interethnic Companion to Asian American Literature. Cambridge: University Press, 1997.