IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

June 2017 Volume 22 - Issue 6

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3 Version 4 Version 5 Version 6 Version 7 Version 8 Version 9

Version 10 Version 11 Version 12 Version 13

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Fulani Herdsmen Attack On Aku Town and Environs: The Roadmap to the Challenges
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Dan Chima Amadi Ph.D || Appolonia Ifeyinwa Amadi Ph.D
: 10.9790/0837-2206010106      logo

Abstract: The Fulani herdsmen attack on Aku town in Igbo Etiti Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria has opened the community to other ills plaguing the area. But the South East geo-political zone has a lot to learn from it. Just like the Ukpabi-Nimbo attack also in Enugu State, a common ground needs be found but it has to be addressed in line with its global, political and religious implications for the unity of the country

[1]. Ade. Ajayi J. F. & Yemi Akinseye-George (2000). Kayode Eso- The Making of a Judge. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd.
[2]. Amadi, Dan Chima (2015). Nomadic Education in Nigeria: Using English to Foster Communal Peace and Enhance the Education of the Herdsmen. Global Journal of Arts Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 3, No 5, May 2015 pp 16-21
[3]. Buratai, Tukur(2016).Daily Sun, Tuesday December 8, 2016. Vol. 13, No 3554
[4]. Achebe, Chinua (2012). There was a Country –A Personal History of Biafra. England: Allen Lane-An Imprint of Penguin Books.
[5]. Denning, Alfred (1955). The Road to Justice. London : Stevens & Sons Ltd.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Family Education in The Quran
Country : Indonesia
: 10.9790/0837-2206010716      logo

Abstract: This research aimed to explain about how family education in Quran. Researcher wanted to reveal: Firstly, the meaning of Family in Quran, Secondly, the aspects of Family Education in Alquran, Thirdly, How is the Family Education in Quran. This research was used the thematic method (Maudu'i), that is the interpretation by codifying all verses of the holy Qur'an related to the family education, then it was discussed critically, deeply and comprehended from all aspects with the intention to build a concept detailed and holistically about the problems related to family education in the Alquran. The primary sources used in this research was Alquran and Hadits of Prophet Muhammad saw.............

Keywords: Family, Education, Quran.

[1]. Alquran al-Karim
[2]. 'Abd al-Baqi, Muhammad Fu'ad, Mu'jam al-Mufahras li al-Faz Al-Qur'an al-Karim, Indonesia: Maktabah Dahlan, tt.
[3]. 'Abdul Hafiz Suwaid. 2004. Muhammad Ibnu, Cara Nabi Mendidik Anak, terj. Manhaj Tarbiyyah Nabawiyah Litifli, Jakarta: Al-I'ti¡am Cahaya Umat.
[4]. Al-Asfahani, Al-Ragib, Mu'jam Mufradat al-Faz Al-Qur'an, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, tt.

[5]. ------------, Al-Mufradat fi Garib Al-Qur'an, Mesir: Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, tt.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : An Action Research Study on Improving Seventh Standard Students' Creative Writing Skill in English
Country : India
Authors : Anjali Parida || Puspalata Rout || Bijay Kumar Swain
: 10.9790/0837-2206011720      logo

Abstract: One of the most vital elements of education and literacy is Language. Learning a language is similar to swimming and riding a bicycle. Thus the present action research is aimed to improve the writing skill of the 7th standard students creatively in an Elementary school. A total sample of 15 students' from the same grade was chosen for the study. The baseline assessment was carried out to explore the pre-intervention writing skill score of the students prior to the intervention cycle. Later, intervention and writing skill support strategies were carried out for six weeks. In the end, post-test was carried out to explore the differences between the pre- and post-test score of the students. The finding of the present work is suggested that writing skill of the students has been increased up to a satisfactory level. The creativeness of the writing skill was also increased.

KEY WORDS: Creative writing, Action research, Essay writing, English, Language.

[1]. L. Nasir, S. M. Naqvi, and S. Bhamani. (2013). Enhancing students' creative writing skills: An Action Research project. Acta Didactica Napocensia, 6 (2), 2013, 27-31.
[2]. B. Mak, and D. Coniam. Using wikis to enhance and develop writing skills among secondary school students in Hong Kong. System, 36(3), 2008, 437-455.
[3]. B. Walker, M.E. Shippen, P. Alberto, D.E. Houchins, and D.F. Cihak. Using the Expressive Writing program to improve the writing skills of high school students with learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 20(3), 2005, 175-183.
[4]. I. Brookes, and M. Marshall. Good writing guide. New York: Harap Publishers Ltd, 2004.
[5]. J. Richards. New Trends in the Teaching of Writing in ESL/ EFL in Wang Z. (ed.) ELT in China. Papers Presented at the International Symposium on Teaching English in the Chinese Context, Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, Beijing, 1990..

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Impact of Climate Change on Odisha, Economic Development-A Comparative Analysis
Country : India
Authors : Dr. Pragnya Paramita Jena
: 10.9790/0837-2206012125      logo

Abstract: Human development lunched in 1990 focuses mainly on enlargement of people's choice centering on pillars of sound education, decent standard of living and healthy life. Subsidiary choices are political freedom and various ingredients of self respect. The absence of these choices blocks many opportunities. The human development is the end while the economic growth is only a means to this end. The human development is the means for higher productivity, lowering the family size, healthy physical environment, healthy civil society, increased democracy and wider social security. The main pillars are equality, sustainability and productivity (UNDP, 2010)..........

[1]. Akanbi, Bosede E. Adagunodo, Mathew, Satope, Bola F, "Climate Change, Human Development and Economic Growth in Nigeria" International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 4, No. 13; November 2014. Available at
[2]. Brooks; N (2003) Vulnerability, risk and adaptation: A conceptual framework, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, working paper: No. 38.
[3]. Brown, O (2008), Migration and climate change. Geneva. International Organisation for Migration.
[4]. Chandran. KPV.,Sandhaya. PClimate Change and Human Development: A Pragmatic Approach. Available at
[5]. Economic Survey, Odisha: (2009-2010), Planning and coordination department, Directorate of economics and statistics, Government of Odisha..

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Premarital Romantic and Sexual Relationship among Unmarried Young Adults in India-An Overview
Country : Pondicherry
Authors : D. Barani Ganth
: 10.9790/0837-2206012630      logo

Abstract: Family relationships in India are fast changing with the advent of globalization. While parents endorse arranged marriages for their wards, young Indians are increasingly interested in romantic autonomy and marriages of choice. The phenomenon of romantic relationship has been studied for long in the west though the attention on majority world has not been adequate. However, a handful of studies have examined premarital romantic and sexual relationship among Indian youth with the objective of understanding the correlates, predictors, and concomitants of romantic relationship in Indian context. A few cross-cultural studies were conducted comparing the romantic pursuits of Indian youth with the western youth, through the cultural lens. The present paper provides an overview of these studies and offer recommendations for effectively handling issues arising out of romantic relationship in Indian cultural context..........

[1]. Abraham, L. (2002). Bhai-behen, true love, time pass: Friendships and sexual partnerships among youth in an Indian metropolis. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 4(3), 337-353.
[2]. Abraham, L., & Kumar, A.K. (1999). Sexual experiences and their correlates among college students in Mumbai City, India. International Family Planning Perspectives, 25(3): p. 139-152.

[3]. Alexander, M., Garda, L., Kanade, S., Jejeebhoy, S., & Ganatra, B. (2006). Romance and sex: pre-marital partnership formation among young women and men, Pune district, India. Reproductive health matters, 14(28), 144-155.

[4]. Alexander, M., Garda, L., Kanade, S., Jejeebhoy, S., & Ganatra, B. (2007). Correlates of premarital relationships among unmarried youth in Pune district, Maharashtra, India. International Family Planning Perspectives, 33(4): pp. 150-9.

[5]. Appadurai, A. (2004). The capacity to aspire. Rao, V., and M. Walton (eds.). Culture and public action (pp. 59-84). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : International Responsibility for Violating the Rules of International Law
Country : Iraq
Authors : Hamed Makhlaf Ahmed
: 10.9790/0837-2206013138      logo

Abstract: Since ancient times and responsibility exist in the life of a person regardless of motives, whether motivated of the revenge idea, The target of revenge may be is the punishment or the goal is to achieve a social just. because it is impossible to imagine that leaves the human in this world without such rules to control his actions and determine his actions and codify what is permissible and forbidden from actions. The idea of responsibility is an old idea that ancient civilizations have known to the extent that their responsibility has been extended to include animals and manure as well as humans..

[1]. Dr. Ibrahim Al-Anani, International Public Law, Arab Thought House, Cairo, 1984.
[2]. Dr. Ahmed Abu Alofa: Mediator in Public International Law, Fifth Edition, Dar Al-Nahda Al Arabiya, Cairo, 2010.
[3]. Dr. Ahmed Abdel-Hamid Ashoush and Dr. Omar Abu Bakr Bakhshab, mediator in international public law, comparative study with interest in the position of Saudi Arabia, University Youth Foundation, Alexandria, 1990.
[4]. Dr. Badriya Al-Awadi, Public International Law in Time of Peace and War and Its Application in the State of Kuwait, Dar Al-Fikr, Cairo, 1979.
[5]. Dr. Jafar Abdel Salam, The Rules of International Relations in International Law, I, The Peace Library, Egypt, 1981.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Significance of Socio-Economic Characteristics of Residents on Informal Low-Cost Housing Development in Abeokuta, Nigeria
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Jolaoso, B. A || Arayela, O. || Taiwo, A.A. || Folorunso, C. O
: 10.9790/0837-2206013952      logo

Abstract: Viewpoints for, against and indifference in literature revealed that informal low-cost housing and informal settlement/housing had suffered definitional problems with underlying subjective and/or objective issues, which cannot be generalised but can be contextualised. Their emergence have been largely viewed as problem and aptly described as spontaneous, unplanned and uncoordinated development often carried out through self-help efforts without necessarily complying with the planning and building regulations and standards. Events have shown that government eviction and ineffective execution strategies have in turn helped to further fuel its growth. This suggests that, informal low-cost housing have become a phenomenon that has come to stay in Abeokuta and its environs as in other cities.............

Keywords: Significance; socio-economic; informal housing; development; characteristics; strategies

[1]. Abiodun, J. 0. (1985). Housing problems in Nigeria cities, in Onibokun, A. (ed.); Housing in Nigeria. The Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER), Ibadan, p49-63
[2]. Adegbehingbe, V.O. (2011). Analysis of physical transformation of residential buildings in selected government estates in South Western Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
[3]. Agbola, T. (1998). The Housing of Nigerians: Review of Policy Development and Implementation in the Housing Sector. Development Policy Centre, Ibadan: Research Report No. 14
[4]. Ali, S. (2006): Managing Slums in Delhi. Sabir Ali ed.: Managing Urban Poverty, Uppal Publishing House, New Delhi, 432- 517
[5]. American Marketing Association (2007-2012) Creative research systems, the survey system-sample size calculator., accessed 10th March, 2012.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Acinetobacter Baumanii Nosocomial Infections in 212 Burned Patients of Moroccan Hospital 2004-2012
Country : Morocco
Authors : Amina Boufars || S.Elkafssaoui || E.Bouaiti || J.Kesouati || R.Razine || M. Mrabet || A.Zrara
: 10.9790/0837-2206015357      logo

Abstract: Background:- Nosocomial infections caused by strains Acinetobacter Baumannii strands are a growing clinical problem. The occurrence of multidrug-resistant strands is observed and that limits the ways of therapy considerably. The aim of the present study is to bring out the epidemiological profile of burn patients infected with Acinetobacter Baumanii and to investigate the risk factors related to this pathology. Methods: this is a retrospective study carried out on 212 burn and infected patients, hospitalized at Burn Service of Mohamed V Military Hospital of Rabat (Morocco), during the period 2004-2012. Subjects were selected through simple random sampling method. Data was collected using questionnaire. Results: Among 212 patients, we registered 50 cases of Acinetobacter Baumanii infection............

[1]. Karlowsky JA, Draghi DC, Johns ME et al: surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility among clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeroruginosa and Acinectobacter baumannii from hospitalized patients of United States, 1998 to 2001 Anti microbial agents and chemotherapy 2003:47;1681_88.
[2]. Struelens MJ. The epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance in hospital-acquired infections: problems and possible solutions. BMJ, 1998, 317:652– 654.
[3]. Jawad A, Seifert H, Snelling AM et al.: Comparison of outbreak and sporadic isolates. J Clinical Microbiol 1998; 36: 1938-41.
[4]. Husni RN, Goldstein LS, Arroliga AC et al.: Risk factors for an outbreak of multidrug resistant acinetobacter nosocomial pneumonia among intubated patients.Chest 1999; 115: 1378-82.
[5]. Falagas ME, Bliziotis IA, Siempos II:Attributable mortality of Acinetobacter baumannii infections in critically ill patients: a systematic review of matched cohort and case-control studies.Critical Care 2006; 10.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : An Existential phenomenological analysis of Public Relations practice as a strategic management function in selected organisations in Harare (Zimbabwe)
Country : Zimbabwe
Authors : Elliot Muchena
: 10.9790/0837-2206015865      logo

Abstract: This study explores the perceptions of Public Relations (PR) practitioners in selected organisations in Harare on public relations practice. The study seeks to analyse whether through their lived experiences, PR is a strategic management function or not. Historically PR has been viewed differently and in most cases practiced also differently and started as a technical function. The research made use of in-depth interviews to gather detailed descriptions of this phenomenon. Participant observation was also used. The data was analysed through naming meaning units and then synthesised them. The essential meanings were clustered which led to finally coming up with a statement of eidetic intuition about PR practice............

[1] Agang, L.P. (2009).The investigation of the contribution of Public Relations to an Agricultural Institution in Botswana. Dissertation. Cape Peninsula University of on 10/9/2014.

[2] Cutlip, S., Centre, A., and Broom, G. (1994). Effective Public Relations. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall. New Jersey.
[3] Daymon, C. and Holloway, I. (2011).Qualitative Research Methods in Public Relations and Marketing Communications. New York.Routledge.
[4] Daymon,C. (2008). Humanising Public relations research. Paper presented to the radical roundtable conference, University of Stirling 30June-2July 2008.
[5] Dolphin, R.R. and Fan, Y. (2000). Is corporate communication a strategic function? Management Decision, 38, 99-106.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Culture of Working Ethos Entrepreneurships In Gayo Accordance With Sharia Society
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Abdul Azizs || Yasir Nasution || Saparuddin
: 10.9790/0837-2206016669      logo

Abstract: Gayo society is an open society toward the development, because realized or not human civilization will keep changing day by day. This is the biggest challenge for the Gayo society, because the culture of Gayo society has been arranged vedry well, it can dissapear refers to the changing era. Therefore in this research, again we describe the culture of Gayo society associated with the work ethic of entrepreneurship.

Keywords: - Cultur of Working, Ethos Entrepreunership, Gayo Accordance, Syariah Society

[1] Fadlil Munawwar Manshur, Profesionalisme dalam Perspektif Islam, dalam Edy Suandi Hamid, dkk (peny), Membangun Profesionalisme Muhammadiyah, (Yogyakarta: LPTP PP Muhammadiyah-UAD Press, 2012), p. 20.
[2] Abdul Jalil "Spiritual Entrepreneurship; Study Transformasi Spiritualitas Pengusaha Kudus" (Disertasi: IAIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2012).
[3] M. Kabir Hassan and William J. Hippler, "Entrepreneurship and Islam: An Overview", dalam ECON JOURNAL WATCH , vol. 2, 2012, p. 170-178.
[4] Yazilmiwati Yaacob dan Ilhamie Abdul Ghani Azm, Kholis, "Kepribadian Pengusaha dari Perspektif Islam: A Study of Pengusaha Muslim yang Sukses di Malaysia", dalam Jurnal DOI, vol. 46, 2012, p.16.
[5] Maisarah Ahmad dan Suhaila Abdul Kadir, "Karakteristik Pengusaha dan Praktek Nilai Islam di Mempengaruhi Keberhasilan Usaha Kecil Menengah di Kelantan dan Selangor", dalam Journal of Social and Development Sciences Slangor Malaysia, Vol. 4, 2013, p. 229-235.