IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE)

5th National Conference on Recent Developments in Mechanical Engineering [RDME-2016]

Voulme 1

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Optimization of Passive Suspension System for Enhancement of Ride Comfort
Country : India
Authors : A. C. Mitra || G. R. Kiranchand || S. B. Dhakare || M. S. Jawarkar
DOI : 10.9790/1684-1500801.08      

Abstract: Vehicle passive suspension systems require an investigation to determine the spring, mass and damper settings that assure optimal Ride Comfort (RC). In this paper, Ride comfort has been maximized by optimizing various suspension parameters using a quarter-car test rig and implementing full factorial methodology of Design of Experiments (DOE). As per ISO 2631-1:1997 standard, the ride comfort has been measured in terms of the R.M.S.....

Keywords –Design of Experiments, Quarter Car Test Rig, Full Factorial Method, Suspension Optimization, ANOVA

[1] J.A. Allen; Design of Active Suspension Control Based upon use of Tubular Linear Motor and Quarter-Car Model; Thesis
Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University, Aug 2008.
[2] M. N. Khajavi, B. Notghi, and G. Paygane; A Multi Objective Optimization Approach to Optimize Vehicle Ride and Handling
Characteristics; World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 38, 2010.
[3] A. A. Aly, And F. A. Salem; Vehicle Suspension Systems Control: A Review; International Journal of Control, Automation and
Systems Vol.2 No.2 July 2013 ISSN 2165-8277 (Print) ISSN 2165-8285 (Online);
[4] M. Bouazara, M. J. Richard; An Optimization Method Designed to Improve 3-D Vehicle Comfort and Road Holding Capability
Through the use of Active and Semi-Active Suspensions; Eur. J. Mech. A/Solids 20 (2001) 509–5202001 Éditionss Cientifiques Et
Médicales Elsevier Sas. S0997-7538(01)01138-X/Fla.
[5] SAE International, (1952). Surface Vehicle Recommended Practice. The Engineering Society for Advanced Mobility Land Sea Air
and Space. SAE J670e. (Revised: July 1976).

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Mechanical Design and Stress Analysis of Threaded Dental Implants along the Implant-Bone Interface
Country : India
Authors : R. S. Jadhav || P.N. Dhatrak || V. K. Kulloli
DOI : 10.9790/1684-1500809-14      

Abstract: In this following work, distribution of stresses along the implant-bone interface is computed by performing 3D finite element analysis on commercially available dental implant system. The analysis of stresses is mainly focused at the implant-bone interface specifically at the neck region i.e. proximal zone. The effect of various thread parameters like thread pitch, and depth were studied on the stress distribution along the implant-bone interface

[1] Samira Faegh, Hsuan-Yu Chou and Sinan Müftu (2011). Load Transfer Along the Bone-Implant Interface and Its Effects on Bone Maintenance, Implant Dentistry - A Rapidly Evolving Practice, Prof. Ilser Turkyilmaz (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-658-4, InTech, Available from: Evolving-practice/load-transfer-along-the-bone-implant-interface-and-its's-effects-on-bone-maintenance
[2] Luigi Baggi, DDS, Ilaria Cappelloni, MS, Michele Di Girolamo, DDS, Franco Maceri, MS, and Giuseppe Vairo, MS, PhD. The influence of implant diameter and length on stress distribution of Osseo integrated implants related to crestal bone geometry: A three dimensional finite element analysis. December 2008, Volume 100 Issue 6, 422-431
[3] Carlos Nelson Elias (2011). Factors Affecting the Success of Dental Implants, Implant Dentistry - A Rapidly Evolving Practice, Prof. Ilser Turkyilmaz (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-654, InTech, Available from:
[4] Cheng Xiao Ling, Influence of Bone Quantity and Quality on Stress Distribution in a Maxillary Implant-supported Overdenture: A 3-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Session 2006/2007.
Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Effect of Variation in Parameters of a Compliant Micro–Gripper Design
Country : India
Authors : P. B. Darawade || M. P. Shendge || A. S. Deshmukh || S.S. Jain || R.Joshi || A. C. Mitra
DOI : 10.9790/1684-1500815-19      

Abstract: At micro-level operations, to make precise microscopic movements, there is need of aalternative mechanism other than conventional mechanism like compliant mechanism. It is rapidly increasing field where a device that uses the compliance of its structure to achieve mechanical tasks such as force and motion transmission.Due to lack of available space, the new mechanisms should be compact without compromise in their accurate & precise performance. Unlike conventional mechanisms, compliant mechanism is monolithic, joint-free & elastic continua.This paper chiefly focuses on the results of variation of parameters within the design of a compliant micro-gripper that uses semi-circular hinge to transmit motion. According to the requirement of an application, the various dimensions of a micro-gripper can be varied. PRBM (Pseudo Rigid Body Model) approach is used to design the micro-gripper. This paper contains analysis work using FEA software (ANSYS).

Keywords -Compliant mechanism;PRBM; monolithic;elastic continua.

[1] Dan Zhang, Kayla Viegas, Zhen Gao, YunjianGe'Modeling and Analysis of an Enhanced Compliant Parallel Mechanism for High Accuracy Micro Motion' , Proceedings of the 7thWorld Congress on Intelligent Control and AutomationJune 25 - 27, 2008, Chongqing, China, Pages 2289 – 2294.

[2] Michael Sauter'A Graph-based Optimization Method for the Design of Compliant Mechanisms and Structures'A dissertation submitted to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich 2008, DISS. ETH NO. 17787

[3] G.K. Ananthasuresh,'A New Design Paradigm for Micro-electro-mechanical Systems & Investigations on the Compliant Mechanism Synthesis'University of Michigan, Ann Arbor,MI, 1994.

[4] A. Midha, T. W. Norton and L. L. Howell, 'The nomenclature and classification of compliant mechanisms: the components of mechanisms' Proc. ASME Design Engineering Technical Conf., Arizona, 1992, Vol. 47, Pages 13-16.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Experimental Stress Analysis of Hip Joint Implant for Fracture
Country : India
Authors : S. L. Gavali1, S. H. Gawande2, S. R. Patil2, R. N. Yerrawar

Abstract:Hip Joint is one of the important body parts of the human body, which transmits the body forces to the legs. Different materials like stainless steel, zirconium and titanium are used in the design of hip joint. Still the perfect material on basis of strength, cost and weight are not specified. Literature survey and expert opinion in this field state that, it is very difficult to give the exact design of implant and investigate the selection of materials, shapes, effect of vibration, and prediction of failure of implant. Hip fracture is a major cause for disability in human being.....

Keywords – Hip joint, finite element method (FEM), NI Lab-view, Ansys 14, Arduinouno.

[1] A R Shinge, S S Anasane, "Finite Element Analysis of Modified Hip Prosthesis" International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research, 2(2), 278-285, (2011).

[2] F. Burny, M. Donkerwolcke, F. Moulart, "Concept, design and fabrication of smart orthopedic implants" Medical Engineering & Physics, 22, 469–479, (2000).

[3] S. Ganapathi1, S. T. Prem kumar "Musculoskeletal Modeling of Hip Joint and Fracture Analysis for Surgical Planning Using FEA" EJBI, – 9(2), (2013).

[4] Y Shireesha, Dr. S.V. Ramana, "Modelling and Static analysis of femure bone by using Different Implant materials" IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering,7(4), 82-91.

[5] D. Bubesh Kumar, Dr. K. G. Muthurajan, "Finite Element Analysis of Equivalent Stress and Deformation of Cement less Hip Prosthesis" International Journal of Engineering Development And Research, 93-97.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Photoelastic Stress Analysis: A Review
Country : India
Authors : S.B. Shinde || Prof. S.S. Hirmukhe || Prof. P.N. Dhatrak

Abstract: Photo elasticity is whole field technique which works on the property "birefringence" of transparent material. Birefringence means transparent material shows two refractive indices before and after loading. Combined with other optical elements and with white or monochromatic light source, a loaded photo elastic specimen (or photo elastic coating applied to an ordinary specimen) exhibits different fringe patterns which are related to the principal stress difference perpendicular to plane of propagation of light. This technique is widely used in various areas including dentistry, automotive, civil and electrical field also. This review paper provides information regarding the photoelasticity technique used by the various researchers in various fields. The objective of this paper is to provide guidelines regarding use of photoelasticity for several applications in automotive, bio-engineering, electrical fields. A literature search was conducted by using keywords such as photoelasticity, stress analysis, and fringes. Among several articles and research papers, most of the articles related to photoelasticity and stress distribution were shortlisted for complete reading and data extraction. Thus, various applications of photoelasticity are viewed.

Keywords - Photoelasticity, Fringes, Dentistry, Principle Stress

[1] James W. Philips, Experimental Stress Analysis (Board of Trustees-University of lijnois of Urbana- Champaign, 1998).
[2] G.L cloud, Optical Methods of Engineering Analysis (Cambridge University Press, 1988).
[3] Durelli A.J, Introduction to Photo-mechanics (Englewood cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice hall, 1965).
[4] Cristiane Udae, R. A. Markarian, C. L. Sendik, D. C. Lagana Photoelastic analysis of stress distribution on parallel and angled implants after installation of fixed prostheses, Braz Oral Res, 18(1), 2004, 45-52.
[5] J. C. Zielak, Marcelo Filietaz, F. Bolmente, R. Scotton, Colorimetric photoelastic analysis of tension distribution around dental implants, RSBO, 10(4), 2013, 318-25.

Paper Type : Review Paper
Title : Comparison of passive and semi-active suspension system by MATLAB SIMULINK for different road profiles
Country : India
Authors : T. P. Phalke || A. C. Mitra
DOI : 10.9790/1684-1500838-43      

Abstract: Present trend is to design vehicles to provide maximum comfort to the driver and passenger in spite of the different road conditions. Suspension system is one of the part of vehicle which gives ride comfort. Suspension system plays major role in absorbing road vibrations and provides effective comfort to the diver as well as passenger. This paper presents performance comparison of passive and semi-active suspension system of a quarter car model for different vehicle velocities for half sine wave bump and then for different road profiles using MATLAB SIMULINK. In semi-active suspension system with Proportional-Derivative-Integrator (PID) controller is developed which gives optimal and robust system by withstanding different road conditions and vehicle speeds to increase ride comfort.

Keywords - PID controller, Passive suspension, Quarter car, semi-active suspension, MATLAB/SIMULINK

[1] T. R. Mohan Rao, G. V. Rao, K. S. Rao & A. Purushottam, Analysis of passive and semi active controlled suspension systems for ride comfort in an omnibus passing over a speed bump, IJRRAS 5 (1) October 2010.
[2] D. V. Gowda, S. Chakrasali, Comparative Analysis of Passive and Semi-Active Suspension System for Quarter Car Model using PID Controller, Association of Computer Electronics and Electrical Engineers, 2014.

[3] A. Agharkakli, G. S. Sabet, A. Barouz, Simulation and Analysis of Passive and Active Suspension System Using Quarter Car Model for Different Road Profile, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 3(5), 2012

[4] A. C. Mitra, N. Benerjee, Ride comfort and Vehicle handling of Quarter Car Model Using SIMULINK and Bond Graph, Proceedings of the 1st International and 16th National Conference on Machines and Mechanisms (iNaCoMM2013), IIT Roorkee, India, Dec 18-20 2013

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Displacement Analysis of Rectangular and Circular Hinge for Compliant Micro–Gripper
Country : India
Authors : R. S. Joshi || A. C. Mitra || S. R. Kandharkar
DOI : 10.9790/1684-1500844-48      

Abstract: The growing research field of precision instruments in every walk of life motivated to different and efficient technology. The millimeters have cut down to micrometer or even nanometers. This has led to development of compliant mechanisms. The gripper comprises of very simple structure from design and manufacturing consideration......

Keywords - Compliant Mechanism, Hinge,PRBM, FEA.

[1] P. R. Ouyang& R. C. Tjiptoprodjo&W. J. Zhang & G. S. Yang "Micro-motion devices technology: The state of arts review", Int J AdvManuf Technology, 38,463-478,DOI 10.1007/s00170-007-1109-6, 2008.
[2] L.L.Howell, "Compliant mechanisms ", Edition 2001, by John wiley and sons.Inc. pp. 1-256.
[3] A. N. Reddy, N.Maheshwari, D.KumarSahu, and G. K. Ananthasuresh, "Miniature Compliant Grippers With Vision-Based Force Sensing" IEEE Transactions on Robotics, 26(5), 2010.
[4] F. Dirksen and R. Lammering, "On mechanical properties of planar flexure hinges of compliant mechanisms", Mech. Sci., 2, 109–117, 2011,doi:10.5194/ms-2-109-2011 .

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Computer Aided Kinematic Analysis of Toggle Clamping Mechanism
Country : India
Authors : S.A. Bhojne1 || A.A. Keste1 || S.H. Gawande1 || D.H. Thakur
DOI : 10.9790/1684-1500849-56      

Abstract: Toggle mechanism is used widely in the mechanical industry for various applications ranging from injection molding machines to tools & fixtures. Toggle clamps are available for different types to suit desired application. This paper explores the kinematic analysis of the toggle clamping mechanism. Toggle mechanism considered here is actuated by hydraulic cylinder. Position, velocity and acceleration analysis is described in this work, for this analysis toggle clamping mechanism is fragmented into two basic mechanisms, Slider-Crank mechanism.....

Keywords -Toggle Mechanism, Analytical study, CADAnalysis.

[1] Ming-shyan Huang, Key design parameters and optimal design of a five-point double-toggle clamping mechanism, Applied Mathematical Modelling 35(2011) 4304-4320.
[2] Pei-Lum Tso, The kinematic synthesis of toggle clamps, ASME,Journal of manufacturing science and engineering Aug 1998 Vol. 120/649.
[3] P. Burton, Kinematics and Dynamics of Planar Machinery, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1979.
[4] F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, Vector Mechanics for Engineers – Statics, McGraw Hill, New York, 1984.

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