IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE)

5th National Conference on Recent Developments in Mechanical Engineering [RDME-2016]

Voulme 3

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Vibratory Residual Stress Relieving- A Review
Country : India
Authors : S. N. Shaikh
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008030301-04      

Abstract:All manufacturing and fabricating processes such as casting, welding, machining, molding, heat treatment, plastic deformation during bending, rolling or forging introduce residual stresses into the manufactured object. They are caused by rapid, unequal cooling as opposed to the stresses caused by external loading......

Keywords –Residual stress, SubHarmonic VSR, Vibratory stress relief

[1] R. T. McGoldrick,,H.E. Saunders,Some Experiments In Stress Relieving Castings and welded structuresby Vibration,Journal of the American Society for Naval Engineers,Journal of the American Society for Naval Engineers,Volume-55,Issue-4,pages 589–609, November 1943.
[2] R. Dawnson, D.G.Moffat, 1980, Vibratory stress relief and fundamental study of its effectiveness, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology 102(2):169-176.
[3] C.A.Walker,A.J. Waddell & D.J.Johnstone.Vibratory stress relief An investigation of the underlying process.Proceedings Institute of Mechanical Engineers vol209, pp51-58 1995.
[4] D.Rao,L.Chen,Vibratory Stress Relief in manufacturing the Rails of Maglev system,Journal of Manufacturing science and Engineering,126,Issue-2,388-391,2004.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Photoelastic Stress Analysis: A Review
Country : India
Authors : S. B. Shinde || S. S. Hirmukhe || P. N. Dhatrak

Abstract:Photo elasticity is whole field technique which works on the property "birefringence" of transparent material. Birefringence means transparent material shows two refractive indices before and after loading. Combined with other optical elements and with white or monochromatic light source, a loaded photo elastic specimen (or photo elastic coating applied to an ordinary specimen) exhibits different fringe patterns which are related to the principal stress difference perpendicular to plane of propagation of light....

Keywords –Photoelasticity, Fringes, Dentistry, Principle Stress

[1] J. W. Philips, Experimental Stress Analysis (Board of Trustees-University of lijnois of Urbana- Champaign, 1998). [2] G.L cloud, Optical Methods of Engineering Analysis (Cambridge University Press, 1988). [3] A.J.Durelli, Introduction to Photo-mechanics (Englewood cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice hall, 1965). [4] C. Udae, R. A. Markarian, C. L. Sendik, D. C. Lagana, Photoelastic analysis of stress distribution on parallel and angled implants after installation of fixed prostheses, Braz Oral Res, 18(1), 2004, 45-52. [5] J. César Zielak, M. Filietaz, F. Bolmente, R. Scotton, Colorimetric photoelastic analysis of tension distribution around dental implants, RSBO, 10(4), 2013, 318-25.
Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Modeling of Complex and Freeform Surfaces by using Reverse Engineering pproach
Country : India
Authors : Y. P. Jadhav || V. N. Chougule || A. V. Mulay
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008030311-15      

Abstract:Reverse Engineering is extensively used technology by both research and industries for rapid development of product. In Reverse engineering with the help of already, existing product a new product is developed. To develop a new product CAD model is necessary. For this purpose already existing object is scanned using CMM machine, laser scanner etc.......

Keywords -CAD, Reverse Engineering, Point cloud data, Segmentation

[1] C.K. Au and M.M.F.Yuen (1999) "Feature-Based Reverse Engineering of Mannequin for Garment Design" Computer Aided design 31,751-759.
[2] H. Woo, E. Kang, Semyung, Wang, Kwan H. Lee (2001) "A new segmentation method for point cloud data" International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture 42:167–178.
[3] Landecir A. Albuquerque, José Mauricio S. T. Motta (2004) "3D Reconstruction of Free-Form Objects from Range Images Acquired by Laser Scanning". Instituto Nacional de Mathematical Pura E Aplicada, Brazil
[4] Yinling Ke, Shuqian Fan, Weidong Zhu, An Li, Fengshan Liu, Xiquan Shi (2005) "Feature-based reverse modeling strategies" Computer-Aided Design 38:485–506.
[5] J. Roca-Pardiñas, H. Lorenzo, P. Arias b, J. Armestob (2008) "From laser point clouds to surfaces: Statistical nonparametric methods for three-dimensional reconstruction" Computer-Aided Design 40:646–652.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : COMPARISON OF SEVERAL METHODS TO ANALYSE AN EXPANSION LOOP IN A PETROLEUM REFINERY
Country : India
Authors : S. S. Deshpande || M. R. Joshi

Abstract:The purpose of this study is to analyze an expansion loop in a petrochemical refinery in critical pipeline. Piping is the main transportation method for fluids from one location to another within an industrial plant. Design and routing of piping is heavily influenced by the stresses generated due to thermal effects and high pressure of the operating fluid......

Keywords –Expansion loop, Finite element Method, Petroleum Refinery , Process Industry,CAE

[1] M .W.Kellogg, The Design of Piping Systems (Martino Fine books, 2007).

[2] J.J.McKetta (ed), Piping Design Handbook (CRC Press, 1992)

[3] M.L.Nayyar, Piping Handbook,(McGrawHill , 7th edition,1999)

[4] G.K.Sahu, Handbook of Piping Design (New Age International Publishes, 2014).

[5] D.A.Logan, A first course in Finite Element Method, (Cengage Learning, 2015)


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Numerical Simulation for Flow Field in a Sump
Country : India
Authors : Prakash Shinde || Dr. V. N. Raibhole || Ajinkya Satam
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008030322-27      

Abstract: The efficiency and performance of pumping stations involving multiple pumping units depends not only on the efficiency of the pumping units but also on the proper design of the Intake sump. Proper design of pump intake is not an easy task because of the various site-specific geometrical and hydraulic constraints....

Keywords - Intake Hydraulic, Pump Inlet, Swirl Angle, Sump Design, Vortex, Guide Wall.S

[1] "Genaral Modelling and Scaling Laws", Experimental Methods in Marine Hydrodynamics, Chapter 2, NTNU.
[2] Samir A. S. Ibrahim, "Evaluation of the Flow Characteristics in the Intake Structure and Pump Sumps Using Physical Model", Nile Basin Water Science & Engineering Journal, Vol.4, Issue 1, 2011.
[3] Kadam Pratap M. & D.S. Chavan, "CFD Analysis of Flow in Pump Sump to Check Suitability for Better Performance of Pump", ISSN, Volume-1, Issue-2, 2013.
[4] Tanweer S. Desmukh & V.K Gahlot, "Simulation of Flow through A Pump Sump and its Validation", IJRRAS, July 2010.
[5] Tanweer S. Desmukh & V.K Gahlot, "Numerical Study Of Flow Behaviour In A Multiple Intake Pump Sump", IJAET, Vol.2, Issue II, April-June, 2011.S

Paper Type : Review Paper
Title : Investigations of Concrete Solar Collector: An Experimental Approach in Solar Passive Energy
Country : India
Authors : S. R.Patil || A. A. Keste

Abstract: Solar Energy is abundantly available non-conventional source of energy. Hot water needed to bath can thus use this non-conventional source. Current solar water heaters use Copper absorber plate which increases the cost of heater. When copper pipes are induced in concrete slab it reduces the space as well as the cost. Also serpentine arrangement which is more efficient than parallel tube riser is used.....

Keywords - Circular Dimples, Solar Flat Plate Collector, Concrete

[1] P. G. Vincente, Heat Transfer and pressure drop for low Reynolds turbulent flow in Helical dimpled tubes, International Journal of heat and mass transfer, 45 (2002), 543- 553.
[2] M.A.Dafedar, Heat Transfer Augmentation In Different Geometries Of Dimpled Surface Under Natural Convection An Experimental Approach, 2,2013.
[3] P. Li, Heat transfer and flow analysis of Al2O3–water nanofluids in microchannel with dimple and protrusion International, Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 73, (2014,) 456–467.
[4] C.M. Tay (12 October 2013) Development of flow structures over dimples Experimental, Thermal and Fluid Sczence 52 (2014) 278–287.
[5] J. Turnow (9 February 2012) Flow structures and heat transfer on dimples in a staggered arrangement, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 35, (2012) 168–175.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Courier partner selection for E-commerce business Using TOPSIS Method
Country : India
Authors : B. Rajiv || M. Salunkhe
DOI : 10.9790/1684-15008030333-38      

Abstract: In today's competitive business world, it is extremely important for decision makers to have access to decision support tools in order to make quick, right and accurate decisions. One of these decision making areas is courier service provider selection. Courier service provider selection is a multi – criteria decision making process that deals with the optimization of conflicting objectives such as quality, cost, and delivery time. If it is not supported by a system,......

Keywords -Courier service provider selection, TOPSIS, AHP

[1] ERDAL ÇAKIR, ÖZALP VAYVAY, logistics outsourcing and selection of third party logistics service provider (3PL) via fuzzy AHP, ISTANBUL, 2009,50-81,(31)
[2] Langley, C.J., Dort, E. v., Ross, T., Topp, U., Sykes, S.R., Strata, R. & Dengel, T.2006. Third-Party logistics: results and findings for the 11th annual study.
Books:
[3] Sunil Chopra,, Peter Meindl, Supply Chain Management (5th Edition (February 5, 2012).
Chapters in Books:
[4] Saaty, T.L., 2001. Decision making in complex environments: the analytic network process for decision making with dependence and feedback. RWS Publications, USA.
Theses:

[5] Y. J. Lai, T. Y. Liu and C. L. Hwang, TOPSIS for MODM, European Journal of Operational Research, vol.76, pp.486-500, 1994.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF WOOD CUTTING AND DRILLING MECHANISM USING SEWING MACHINE
Country : India
Authors : Vangari Pramod S || Khambaskar PurushottamS || Kadam M.S. || Sarawade S.S

Abstract: Energy is the most vital aspect in the development of modern technological civilization. Day life every task have been made quicker and fast due to technology advancement but this advancement also demands huge investments and expenditure, every industry desires to make high productivity rate maintaining the quality and standard of the product at low average cost......

Keywords -Wood cutter, Shafts, Bushes, Drill bit, Sewing machine, Bevel gears etc.

[1]. Dharwa Chaithanya Kirthikumar, "A Research on Multi Purpose Machine", International Journal for Technological Research in Engineering Vol.1, Issue.1, ISSN:2347-4718 2013.

[2]. S.G.Bahaley,Dr.A.U.Awate,S.V.Saharkar, "Performance Analysis of Pedal Powered Multipurpose Machine", International Journal of Engineering Research and Development (IJERD) Vol.1, Issue.5,e- ISSN:2278-0181 2012.

[3]. Linxu, Weinan Bai, Jingyu Ru,Qiang Li, "Design and Implementaion of the Reciprocating Pedal Powered Electricity Generating Device", Advanced Materials Research Vol.282-283 2011 pp 735-738.




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