IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

June - 2018 Volume 23 - Issue 6

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3 Version 4 Version 5 Version 6 Version 7 Version 8 Version 9

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Criminal Settlement Analysis In The Level of Investigation Through Restorative Justice Approach
Country : India
Authors : Muhammad Yusuf M
: 10.9790/0837-2306020109     logo

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the settlement of criminal cases at the investigation stage through restorative judicial approach, and to examine and analyze the obstacles encountered by investigators in the settlement of criminal cases at the stage of investigation through restorativejustice approach. The research method used is normative approach method, that is the study of legal principles, legal synchronization, and legal system.


Key Words: Criminal, Settlement, Restorative Justice

[1]. Achmad Ali, 2009. Menguak Teori Hukum (Legal Theory) dan Teori Peradilan (Judicial Prudence) Termasuk Interpretasi Undang-undang (Legisprudence), Kencana Prenada Media Group, Jakarta.
[2]. Achmad Ali, 2002. Menguak Tabir Hukum: Suatu Kajian Filosofis dan Sosiologis, Cetakan ke-2, Gunung Agung,Jakarta.
[3]. Agus Andrianto, 2012. Strategi Penerapan Prinsip Restoratif Justice Guna Meningkatkan Pelayanan Prima Dalam Rangka Terwujudnya Kepercayaan Masyarakat, Pendidikan SESPIMTI Dikreg ke-20, Mabes Polri.
[4]. Adami Chazawi, 2010, Pelajaran Hukum Pidana Bagian 1, Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.
[5]. Abdul Mukthie Fadjar, 2013. Perjuangan untuk Sebuah Negara Hukum yang Bermartabat, dalam Tim

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Peo Nationalism Religius Symbol In Jawawawo Customary, Central Keo : Inspiration For The Development of Nationalism of Plural Religius Societies
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Yakobus Ndona || Rizal Mustanyir || Misnal Munir
: 10.9790/0837-2306021017    logo

Abstract: Nationalism is still a question of today's religious pluri nations. The clash between nationalism and religiousism, as well as the tendency of religious fanaticism, caused a crushing of the nationalist spirit of the nation. The indigenous peoples of Jawawawo, Keo Tengah, East Nusa Tenggara Province (NTT), Indonesia have a unique vision of nationalism that is monument in the Peo milestone. The study of the symbolism of the Peo and the various supporting elements shows an astonishing encounter between nationalism and religion. Nationalism in indigenous Jawawawo communities is a belief in the will, power and divine action, which integrate the lands and clans into one origin. The integration of the origins that bring the indigenous people of Jawawawo, who are different backgrounds and different religions on appreciation of the similarity of origin, eternity and love of the homeland. Jawawawo's nationalism gained ground and strength from religious. This model of religious nationalism can be an inspiration for the development of nationalism of today's religious countries.


Key Words: nationalism; religion; society; plural

[1]. Al-quran, Terj. Departemen Agama RI, Edisi Revisi, Semarang: PenerbitCV. Toha Putra, 1989;
[2]. BPS Kab.Ngada, Nagekeo dalam Angka - Nagekeo In Figures, BPS Kabupaten Ngada, 2009;
[3]. Dendy Sugono, dkk, 2008, Kamus Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional;
[4]. Dhakidae, Daniel, 2007, Tantangan Ekonomi Politik Kabupaten Nagekeo, dalam Philipus Tule & Theofilus Woghe (ed) Rancang Bangun Nagekeo, Maumere: Ledalero;
[5]. Dibyasuharda, 1990, Ontologi Akar-akar Simbol, Disertasi, Yogyakarta: UGM;.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Factors Affecting The Development Of Human Resources In State Financial Management To Encourage The Good Governance In Indonesia (Case Study In Sidoarjo Regency of East Java-Indonesia)
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Rr Herini Siti Aisyah || Tatiek Sri Djatmiati || Nurbasuki || M Hadi Shubhan || Bambang Suheryadi || Abd Shomad
: 10.9790/0837-2306021823    logo

Abstract: The survey results Audit Agency ( "BPK" ) showed that 76.77% of Human Resources personnel unit financial operators accounting background. Problems increase HR competencies of local finance manager is a very complex thing of recruitment problems, the budget also issue regulatory dynamics, on the other hand local governments are required to finance mengelolan accountably and transparently so that good governance can be realized. The problems in the region can not simply be understood by the central government is becoming increasingly difficult for local government; to be able to increase the competence of human resources. This resulted in low competence of officials of local government financial statements as well as the Corruption Perception Index score from various regions in Indonesia had not yet shown up............


Key Words: Governance, Human , Resources, Financial, Audit

[1]. Unoname, 2008, Panduan Membentuk Organisasi Pengelola Keuangan dan Aset Daerah (OPKAD), LGSP (Local Governance Support Program
[2]. Afdol, 2008, Pengembangan Teori Implementasi Hukum waris Islam Di Indoensia, Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar, Unair, Surabaya
[3]. Aisyah , Rr Herini Siti , 2011, Sistem Pembinaan dan Pengawasan Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah di Era Otonomi Daerah Stranas-DIKTI
[4]. Aisyah ,Rr. Herini siti , 2012 prinsip-prinsip hukum tentang pengawasan dalam sistem hukum keuangan negara, 2013, 261) program doktor program studi ilmu hukum fakultas hukum universitas airlangga surabaya)

[5]. Aisyah ,Rr. Herini Siti 2013, Rancangan Model Kebijakan Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Pengawasan Keuangan Negara Untuk Mewujudkan Good Governance Penelitian Unggulan Th I.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Skeletons and Ghosts of Political Violence: A Phenomenological Investigation into the Aetiology of violent Political Behaviours in Zaka
Country : Zimbabwe
Authors : Mushauri Prosper Kudzanai
: 10.9790/0837-2306022434    logo

Abstract: Political violent behaviours characterize much of African politics and has psychologically caused diverse perturbations in the psychological stamina of the individual by posing debilitating effects such as trauma amongst other effects. It is in Zimbabwe and particularly in Zaka district that elections have been characterized by political violent behaviours hence this has prompted research to find a deep understanding of the phenomena of violent behaviours in Zaka district. The research used a qualitative approach to research, interviewing three respondents who are survivors of political violence in an ethical frame to have a deep insight of causes of political violence. Findings from this research revealed violent behaviours...........


Key Words: Behaviours, Foot-soldiers, Indoctrination, Phenomena, Political violence, Psychologically

[1]. A special paper by the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum April (2014) Structural Violence and organized torture in Zimbabwe.
[2]. Bujra A (2002) African Conflicts and their political and social environment. DPMF Occassional Paper, No4 Addis Ababa.
[3]. BBC Monitoring 25 July 2001. Zimbabwe: Mugabe comments on colonialism: National Youth Service programme. BBC News (2000) April 21 Violence Flares In Zimbabwe
[4]. British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) ,BBC News online voice from Zimbabwe: A family‟s ordeal, 15 January 2002.
[5]. Chabal, P and Daloz, J.P (1999). African Works: Disorder as Political Instrument London: The International African Institute and Indiana University Press.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Climate Change and Forced Migration
Country :  
Authors : Dr. Pragnya Paramita Jena
: 10.9790/0837-2306023543    logo

Abstract: A widespread view that is gaining ground is that climate related migration could evolve into a global crisis by displacing a large number of people from their homes and forcing them to run away. As early as 1990, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 1990:20) warned that ―the greatest single impact of climate change could be on human migration‖ – with millions of people displaced by shoreline erosion, coastal flooding and severe drought. In addition, in 1992 IOM together with the Refugee Policy Group published a report on ―Migration and Environment‖ in which it is stated: ―Large numbers of people are moving as a result of environmental degradation that has increased dramatically in recent years. The number of such migrants could rise substantially as larger areas of the earth become uninhabitable as a result of climate change.‖ Migration caused by human action or natural hazards, or cyclical environmental factors, results in temporary or permanent dislocations of people. These displacements............


Key Words: nationalism; religion; society; plural

[1]. Anthoff, D, R Nicholls, R Tol and A Vafeidis (2006): ―Global and Regional Exposure to Large Rises in Sea-Level: A Sensitivity Analysis‖, Tyndall Centre Working Paper No 90. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Norwich, London.
[2]. Bates, Diane C. 2002. "Environmental Refugees? Classifying Human Migrations Caused by Environmental Change." Population and Environment 23 (5):465-77.
[3]. Burke, E. et al., ―Modelling the recent evolution of global drought and projections for the twenty-first century with the Hadley Centre climate model‖, Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 7, October 2006.
[4]. Brown, O (2007): ―Climate Change and Forced Migration: Observations, Projections and Implications‖, Background paper for the 2007 Human Development Report.
[5]. Byravan, Sujatha, and Sudhir Chella Rajan. 2006. "Providing new homes for climate change exiles." Climate Policy 6:247-52

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Effect of continuous improvement on performance of public universities in Kenya
Country : Kenya
Authors : Kiptui Kandie || Ambrose Kemboi || Margaret A. Oloko
: 10.9790/0837-2306024449    logo

Abstract: Continuous improvement (CI) plays a central role in contemporary management research. CI is a general term that acquired many of its attributes from quality initiatives such as TQM. Continuous improvement, customer focus and other related TQM practices lead organisations to fulfil customer needs and adapt to changes that provide improved OP, such as better employee attitudes and increased ability to learn and think creatively at the workplace. Quality initiatives from which CI is derived conceptualise the relationship between OL and OP in market orientation/ customer focus; continuous improvement; teamwork, employee empowerment and management. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CI on OP of Kenyan Public Universities. The study used cross-sectional descriptive...........


Key Words: Continuous improvement, Total Quality Management, organisational performance

[1]. Andreeva, T. & Kianto, A. (2011). Knowledge processes, knowledge‐intensity and innovation: a moderated mediation analysis. Journal of Knowledge Management. Vol. 15, Issue: 6, pp.1016-1034.
[2]. Argyris, C. & Schön, D.A. (1996). Organisational learning II: Theory, method & practice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
[3]. Cerny, C.A. and Kaiser, H.F. (1977). A study of a measure of sampling adequacy for factor-analytic correlation matrices. Multivariate Behavioral Research. Vol. 12, Issue 1, pp. 43-47.
[4]. Chang, H.F. and Tzeng, G.H. (2010). A causal decision making model for knowledge management capabilities to innovation performance of Taiwan's high-tech industry. Journal of technology management & innovation. Vol. 5, Issue 4, pp. 137-146.
[5]. Chen, C.J. and Huang, J.W. (2009). Strategic human resource practices and innovation performance: The mediating role of knowledge management capacity. Journal of Business Research. Vol. 62, Issue 1, pp. 104-114.;.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Challenges experienced by women in Self-help Group in Tinderet Sub-County, Nandi county Kenya
Country : Kenya
Authors : BargoriaFinsonKiprop || KibetNgetich
: 10.9790/0837-2306025058    logo

Abstract: The involvement of women in Self Help Groups (SHGs) has been encouraged on the grounds that it serves the welfare of its members through savings, investment, capacity building and loan services. Realizing this potential, governments and other stakeholders have promoted women engagement in SHGs with a view to enhance community development. Therefore keeping this in mind the study sought to examine challenges experienced by women in SHG's in Tinderet Sub-County. The study adopted a conceptual framework to illustrate the relationship between the variables. The study adopted descriptive Survey research design which was both quantitative and qualitative.........


Key Words: Self Help Groups, collateral, family disputes, loans and income levels.

[1]. Ahmad , S.Z., Xavier, S.R., Perumal, S., Nor, M.L. & Mohan, C.J. (2011).The transition from corporate Careers to business ownership: The case for women entrepreneurs in Malaysia. International Journal of Business Administration, vol.2, No.3. pp-149.doi:10.5430/ijba.v2n3p148
[2]. Athanne , K., (2011). Entrepreneurship in Kenya, Nairobi, Nairobi Acts Press
[3]. Babbie, E. (2011). The Basics of Social Research, (5th Edition). USA, Wadsworth
[4]. Dejin, F. (2012).Gender and Rural Development.Zurich.Lit.Verlag& Co.
[5]. Freeman, H. A., Ellis, F., & Allison, E. (2004).Livelihoods and rural poverty reduction in Kenya.Development Policy Review, 22(2), 147-171..

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Working Together To Foster Education Innovation - The Student Dimension In University Governance
Country : China
Authors : Kathy O'sullivan
: 10.9790/0837-2306025966    logo

Abstract: A major challenge for both building and sustaining successful universities is considering how university governance can foster innovation, facilitating universities to be prominent players on a global higher education stage. A recent case study of a young Chinese university, Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), illustrates how drawing on the greatest resource at a university's disposal, namely, its students, is central to this endeavor, by allowing for a model of shared university governance to play a key role in stimulating education innovation. The path to education innovation is discussed, indicating the challenges and opportunities involved with university governance in an ever-changing Chinese societal context. At the same time, several dramatic changes have taken place in higher education globally, also impacting on China's higher education. Among the new developments.........

[1]. Altbach, P. G. & Salmi, J. (eds.) (2011). The road to academic excellence: the making of world-class research universities. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
[2]. Bardou, K. J., Byrne, S. M, & Paternak, V., & Perez, N. (2003). Self-efficacy and student leaders: the effects of gender, previous leadership experiences, and institutional environment. Journal of the Indiana University Student Personnel Association, 33-48.
[3]. Bartee, R. D. (2012). Recontextualizing the knowledge and skill involved with redesigned principal preparation: Implications of cultural and social capital in teaching, learning, and leading for administrators. Planning and Changing, 43: 322-343.
[4]. Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational leadership (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates.
[5]. Boje, D. (2000). Narrative methods for organisation and communication research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Distributional Impacts of Policy Induced Prices on Household Welfare In Nigeria
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Richardson Kojo Edeme || Okafor Joan Chinonyelum
: 10.9790/0837-2306026773    logo

Abstract: In the face of continuous rise in price of essential commodities arising from the 2015-2016 currency crises which led to the introduction of different policies to tame the ugly tide, this paper analyzes the distributional impacts of the resulting prices on household welfare using two rounds of household data and commodity prices generated from National Bureau of Statistics Using pre-crisis post crises information and adopting Deaton and Muellbauer (1980) and Friedman & Levinson (2002) framework, the study found that although every household suffered money illusion, poor households in the urban areas were worst hit by the financial crises because the poor rural households had alternative to produce food which assisted them to reduce the effects of the price increase..


Key Words: Household consumption, food price increase, inflation, household welfare.

[1]. Bidani, B & Ravallion, M. (1993), A Regional profile of poverty in Indonesia, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Statistics, 29(3), 37-68
[2]. Case, A C. (1991). Spatial Patterns in household demand, Econometrica 59(4):953-66.

[3]. Deaton, A (1988), Quality, quantity, and spatial variation of price, American Economic Review, 78(3), 418-431
[4]. Deaton, A (1990). Price elasticities from survey data: Extensions and Indonesian results, Journal of Econometrics 44(3):281-309.
[5]. Deaton, A (1997), The Analysis of Household Surveys. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Effect of Mastery Learning Strategy on Male And Female Students' Academic Achievement In Basic Technology In Edo State, Nigeria
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Dr. Iserameiya || Florence Ejodamen || Dr. Agbonghale
: 10.9790/0837-2306027481    logo

Abstract: Unsatisfactory gender differences in science based subjects and the need to enhance their academic achievement prompted this study. It focused on the effect of mastery learning strategy on academic achievement of Male and Female students' in Basic Technology (BTE). The study has five purposes, five research questions guided the study and four null hypotheses formulated were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Quasi-Experimental design was adopted. The population was 3,170 (1,675 male & 1,495 female) JSS II students. A sample size of 78 (43 male, 35 female) JSS11 students from two selected schools participated in this study. Simple random sampling technique was used to select which of the schools will be experimental or control group. A 50-item multiple choice........

[1]. Abubakar, R. B. and Oguguo, O. D. (2011). Age and Gender as Predictors of Academic Achievement of College Mathematics and Science Students. Journal of Educational and Social Research 1(2), 14-19.
[2]. Achufusi, N. N. & Mgbemena, C. O. (2012). The effect of using mastery learning approach on academic achievement of senior secondary school II physics students. Elixir Edu. Tech. 5(10) 35- 50
[3]. Adeyemo, S. A., & Babajide, V. F.T. (2014). Effects of Mastery LearningApproach on Students' Achievement in Physics International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research,. 5(9), 10
[4]. Lamidi, B.T., Oyelekan, O. S. and Olorundare, A. S. (2015). Effects of Mastery Learning Instructional Strategy on Senior School Students' Achievement in the Mole Concept. Electronic Journal of Science Education, 19(5): 1-20
[5]. Mankilikl, M. & Dawal, B. S. (2015). Effect of Mastery Learning Approach on the Performance of Boys and Girls in Public Primary School in Basic Science and Technology in Jos Metropolis Nigeria. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 3(5)

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Competitiveness Among Employees In The Workplace: The Influence of Conflict Handling Styles And Organisational Types
Country :  
Authors : Okoro Chinwendu Michael || Okonkwo Ejike Anthony || Eze Adaobi C. || Chigbo Chinwe || Nwandu Ikechukwue
: 10.9790/0837-2306028289    logo

Abstract: Life generally is all about survival of the fittest, since we are in a competitive world. The present study investigated competitiveness among employees in the workplace: the influence of conflict handling styles and organisational types. Participants were 308, comprising 189 male and 119 female, employees sampled using purposive sampling technique. Two instruments; Hypercompetitive Attitude Scale by Ryckman, Hammer and Gold (1990) and Dutch Test for Conflict Handling by De Dreu, Evers, Beersma, Kluwer and Nauta (2001) were used for data collection. It was hypothesized that conflict handling styles and organizational types will not significantly influence employees' competitiveness. The results indicated that conflict handling styles and organizational types significantly influenced employees' competiveness. It was concluded that the unhealthy hyper-competitive behaviour of employees will threaten the peace and harmony among employees and the organisation in general..


Key Words: Competitiveness, Conflict Handling Styles, Organisational types, Employees.

[1]. Alba, B., Mcllwain, D., Wheeler, L., & Jones, M. P. (2014). Status consciousness: A preliminary construction of a scale measuring individual differences in status relevant attitudes, beliefs, and desires. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(3), 166– 176.
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[4]. Armstrong, J. S., & Collopy, F. (1996). Competitor orientation: Effects of objectives and information on managerial decisions and profitability. Journal of Marketing Research, 33,188–199

[5]. Balay, R. (2007). Predicting conflict management based on organizational commitment and selected demographic variables. Asia Pacific Education Review, 8(2), 321-336.