IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

June - 2018 Volume 23 - Issue 6

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3 Version 4 Version 5 Version 6 Version 7 Version 8 Version 9

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Religious leaders and their career expectations: an empirical study with pastors of evangelical communities
Country :  
Authors : Oliveiros Junior || Thompson Reis
: 10.9790/0837-2306090108     logo

Abstract: The main goal of this study is to show the most presentcareeranchors inside a team of religious leaders, in a geographically diverse area of Sao Paulo, Brazil, cross-refenced with their generations. The sample research was collected among pastors of one denomination from a geographically diverse area of Sao Paulo, and the subjects consist of generations X, Y and Z. The research group numbered 62 leaders of religious communities, all belonging to the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, with 100% response. The research was conducted from April until June of 2018, in which time the research subjects were brought to the auditorium of the maintaining organization, where they filled........


Key-words:Career, Generations, Career Anchors, Religious Leadership, Church, Evangelical Pastors

[1]. ARAÚJO, K. C.V.; QUINTANILHA, D. M.; MARIA, V. G.; RODRIGUES, A.L. S. (2010) A geração Y e suas âncoras de carreira Revista eletrônica de gestão organizacional (Generation Y andtheirCareerAnchors. Business Management Online Magazine)8 (2) p.226-244.
[2]. Arthur, W. B. (1994). Inductive reasoning and bounded rationality. The American economic review, 406-411.
[3]. Baruch, Y., & Rosenstein, E. (1992). Human resource management in Israeli firms: planning and managing careers in high technology organizations. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 3(3), 477-495.
[4]. BASTOS, Antonio V. B. A escolha e o comprometimento com a carreira: um estudo entre profissionais e estudantes de administração (ChoiceandCommitmentto a career: a studyof Business StudentsandProfessionals). Revista de Administração (Business Magazine), São Paulo v. 32, n.
[5]. BETIOL, M. I. S e TONELLI, Maria José. A mulher executiva e suas relações de trabalho (WomenExecutivesandtheirworkrelations). Revista de Administração de Empresas (Business Management Magazine), São Paulo, v.31, n.4, p. 17-33, out./dez. 1991..

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Politeness Strategies in Requesting by a Native English Teacher in 'Miracle Worker' Movie and in Indonesian Teachers' Point of View
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Ani Novitasari
: 10.9790/0837-2306090926    logo

Abstract: People often use speech act quite frequently in the form of request. When requesting, politeness strategies are used depending on who speak, what language, to whom, when, and to what end (Fishman, 1976). This study aimed to find out the types of politeness strategy in requesting by one of main characters as a teacher, Miss Sullivan, in 'Miracle Worker' movie which was created based on the real life story. Brown and Levinson's types of strategy were used (positive and negative politeness). The design of this research was a descriptive qualitative research. The data were gained from the excerpts containing politeness strategies of request utterances taken from the conversation..........


Key Words: politeness strategies, positive politeness, negative politeness, 'Miracle Worker' movie, requesting utterance, teacher.

[1]. Baratta, Alex. 2008. Using Film to Introduce and Develop Academic Writing Skills among UK Undergraduate Students. Journal of Educational Enquiry, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2008, 15-37.
[2]. Baresova, Ivona. 2008. Politeness Strategies I and Cultural Perspective. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackeho
[3]. Blum-Kulka, Shoshana, and Elite Olshtain. 1984. Requests and Apologies: A Cross-Cultural Study of Speech Act Realization Patterns (CCSARP). Applied Linguistics Journal Vol. 5 No. 3
[4]. Brown, Penelope, and Stephen Levinson. 1987. Politeness: Some Universals of Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
[5]. Brown, Penelope. 2015. Politeness and Language. Nijimegen: Max Planck Institute of Psycholinguistics

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Households Perceptionand Use of Grey Waterin Makurdi Town, Nigeriaand Relationship to Socio-Demographic Variables.
Country :  
Authors : Ahile, Stephen I. || Tyav, Thomas T. || Torbunde, Catherine M
: 10.9790/0837-2306092734    logo

Abstract: This paper examines household perception and use of grey water in Makurdi town and the relationship to socio-demographic characteristics. The study utilized mainly primary data sourced using a structured questionnaire administered mainly to household heads (both male and female) selected from ten neighbourhoods in Makurdi town. Systematic random sampling was employed for questionnaire administration, using a ratio of 1:5 households. The survey covered a total 200 households but only 180 questionnaires were retrieved from the field for analysis. The findings revealed that most residents (77.2%) have knowledge and the willingness to reuse grey water. There are however some people who don't use grey water simply because it is not appealing to them. Findings also show..........


Key Words: Perception, Reuse, Grey Water, Socio-Demographic Variables, Water Scarcity, Makurdi.

[1]. United Nations World Water Assessment Programme. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2017. Wastewater: The Untapped Resource. Paris, UNESCO.
[2]. A. Abenu, M.S. Dasin, E.B. Audu, and K.O. Iwugo. Grey Water as an Alternative Source of Water in Lokoja Town, Kogi State, Nigeria. Zaria Geographer, 23 (1): 1-17, 2016.
[3]. D. Christovan-Boal, R.E. Eden, and S. McFarlane. An Investigation into Grey Water Reuse for Urban Residential Properties. Desalination,106, 391-397,1996.
[4]. L. Allen, J.C. Smith, and M. Palaniappan. Overview of Grey water Reuse: The Potential of Grey water Systems to Aid Sustainable Water Management. Pacific Institute, California, 2010.
[5]. M. Po, J.D. Kaercher, and B.E. Nancarrow. Literature Review of Factors Influencing Public Perception of Water Reuse. CSIRO Land and Water, Australian Water Conservation and Reuse Research Programme, 2004..

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Effect of Agriculture on Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: A Multifaceted Approach Using Principal Component Analysis
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Messiah Abaka John || Maryam Ubale Dankawu
: 10.9790/0837-2306093543    logo

Abstract: This study examined the effect of agriculture on poverty reduction in Nigeria. These were with the view to examining the relative effectiveness of crop production, livestock farming, forestry and fishery on poverty reduction in Nigeria. Annual data over the period of 1981 to 2014, sourced from the World Bank Development Indicators and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin was used for the study. Time series econometrics (Principal Component Analysis and Vector Error Correction Model) was applied to generate poverty index, and the interaction among the variables respectively. The result of the variance decomposition established that a shock on Crop production, Livestock rearing, Forestry and Fishery respectively have significant and lasting impact on poverty..........


Key Words: Poverty Reduction, Agriculture, Principal Component Analysis.

[1]. African Development Bank (2005). "Agriculture and Rural Institutions Support Project Appraisal Report". Agriculture And Rural Development Department Central And West Region, OCAR, April 2005
[2]. Azuh, D. and Matthew, A. O. (undated). "The role of agriculture in poverty alleviation and national development in Nigeria". Submitted to the Department of Economics & Development Studies, College of Business & Social Sciences, Covenant University, Canaanland, Ota, Ogun State.
[3]. Bwamwojo, G.G. (2013). Member-Based Micro-Finance Institution and Poverty Reduction: A Xase of Chamwino District in Dodoma Region. Being an unpublished dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master in Business Administration of the Open University of Tanzania.
[4]. CBN (2013). Statistical Bulletin – Central Bank of Nigeria
[5]. Cervantes-Godoy, D. and J. Dewbre (2010), "Economic Importance of Agriculture for Poverty Reduction", OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Working Papers, No. 23, OECD Publishing.doi: 10.1787/5kmmv9s20944-en

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Critically Assessing the Practical Orientation in Amartya Sen's Notion of Justice
Country : India
Authors : Dr. Partha Protim Borthakur
: 10.9790/0837-2306094449    logo

Abstract: Questions of social justice on who gets what, how the scarce resources should be distributed in any political community, has been an issue of concern right from the origin of the state to the present. It has signalled the inscrutable philosophers and logicians argumentations about nyaya (logic, principle, justice, equity, fairness, and so on) or as in the West, from Plato to Rawls and beyond. Despite John Rawls contribution is widely acknowledged as seminal in this regard, Amartya Sen's understanding of justice engages with the Rawlsian project and attempts to tease out an alternative conception of justice. Sen's analyses of justice concentrates on social realizations and not on the quest for perfect institutions, as he suggests that there is no universal theory of justice but that different societies will work out their own accounts if they allow deliberative and democratic procedures to flourish. However..........


Key Words: Amartya Sen,John Rawls,Perfect Institution,Social Justice,Social Realization.

[1]. Amartya Sen, Elements of a theory of Human Rights, Philosophy and Public Affairs,32(4), 2004, 315-356.
[2]. Amartya Sen, Justice: Means versus Freedom, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 24(3), 1990, 111-121.
[3]. Amartya Sen, Well- Being Agency and Freedom: The Dewey Lectures 1984, Journal of Philosophy, 82 (4), 1985, 169-221.
[4]. S. Fukuda-Parr, The Human Development Paradigm: Operationalizing Sen's Ideas on Capabilities, Feminist Economics, 9(3), 2003, 304-305.
[5]. M. Nussbaum, Capabilities as Fundamental Entitlements: Sen and Social Justice, Feminist Economics, 9(2/3), 2003, 33-59..

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Knowledge and Opinion Regarding Adoption among Rural Adults: A Cross - Sectional Study
Country : India
Authors : Santosh Kumari || Poonam Sheoran || Amandeep Kaur
: 10.9790/0837-2306095056    logo

Abstract: Children are appraised as the precious gift. Worldwide about 8% of couples suffer with primary infertility and 12% of couples suffer with secondary infertility with the rate of 10% in India and about 20 million children are deprived, even then the rates of adoption are declining in India. Present cross sectional study was undertaken with objectives: to assess and compare the knowledge and opinion regarding adoption among adults of different age groups, to determine relationship between knowledge and opinion regarding adoption among adults and to seek association of knowledge and opinion regarding adoption with selected variables. Sample size consisted of 200 adults selected by quota sampling residing in rural area. Data collection was done with structured knowledge questionnaire.........


Key Words: Knowledge, Opinion, Adoption, Adults, Cross – Sectional.

[1]. Sreeraj K.V. Legal Process For Adopting A Child In India [Internet]. [cited 2017 Jun 5]. Available at:
[2]. Asogun D, Tobin E, Esezobor A, Ishaq A. Child Adoption Amongst Women Attending Infertility Clinic in a Tertiary Hospital in South-South Nigeria. Int J Basic, Appl Innov Res. 2015;4(4):130–7.
[3]. Bhaskar Saras et al. Adoption in India – The Past, Present and the Future Trends; 2015.
[4]. Worldwide Adoption Statistics - iNFOGRAPHiCs MANiA [Internet]. [cited 2017 Jun 4]. Available at:
[5]. Adoption Statistics India [Internet]. [cited 2017 Jun 4]. Available at:

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in public and private school in two senatorial district of Osun State, Nigeria
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Oyetunji Akinola || Adeyemi-Akeke Y. O || Oynloye D. O || Akinyele A.A
: 10.9790/0837-2306095760    logo

Abstract: Obesity is the most serious long term health problem currently facing adolescents and its prevalence increasing worldwide including developing countries. Cross sectional study was carried out among age 11-19 years in both public and private school in urban area of the state. The data was collected using pretest self-administered questionnaire; Anthropometric measurement was also used to examine their nutritional status. Obesity status were determined using BMI cut off point, the overweight was found to be 3.06% among female and 0.6% among male whereas prevalence of obesity was 0.46% in female and non among male. 62.6% snack daily, fruit consumption pattern was low 0.6% and 43.7% spend between 4-5 hours watching television daily after school. Positive association exists..............


Key Words: prevalence, overweight, obesity, adolescent.

[1]. World Health Organization Preventing chronic diseases: A vital investment. World Global Report. Geneva 2005: World Health Organization
[2]. LA Lytle. Nutritional issues for adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002, 102 Suppl 3:S8-12
[3]. YS Chin,and MT Mohd Nasir. Eating behaviours among female adolescents in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia Pakistan J Nutr; 2009, 8: 425-32
[4]. BA Spear. Nutrition in adolescent. In: Rause M, Mahan K, editors. Food, Nutrition and DietTherapy.11th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Company; 2004. pp. 257–70
[5]. JC Eisenmann. Physical activity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents: An overview. Can J Cardiol. 2004, 20:295–301. [PubMed].

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Multicultural Education in Transition Society: The Challenge of Restoring or Collapsing Cultural Barriers of Students
Country : Macedonia
Authors : Lulzim Murtezani
: 10.9790/0837-2306096165    logo

Abstract: The topic of the paper carries a symbolic of the contemporary communication trends between people of different countries, ethnicities and cultures. Its concept is to emphasize the challenges multicultural education of students faces today. The purpose of the paper is to theoretically review the cultural mosaic and dynamics of relationships between students of different cultural background. Through a theoretical analysis we will unfold some of the difficulties which continuously follow the practice of multicultural education, with a special emphasis on: 1. Setting, namely, resetting cultural barriers between students, and 2. Describing possibilities that contribute to eliminate the same, in order to improve the fragile interethnic, respectively intercultural, relationships. We refer to data of many theoretic studies subject of analysis of some of the causes which produce dilemmas and contradiction in the relation theory and implementation of multiculturalism. We conclude by discussing key findings and identifying issues for further research to create a functional, open and democratic educational society.


Keywords: multiculturalism, Setting or resetting and collapse of cultural barriers.

[1]. Aboud, F., & Fenwiclc, V. (1999). Exploring and evaluating
[2]. school-based interventions to reduce prejudice. Journal of Social Issues, 55(4), 767-786.
[3]. Banks, J. A. (2004). Teaching for Social Justice, Diversity, and Citizenship in a Global World.The Educational Forum, Vol.68, 289-297
[4]. Banks, J.A., and C.A.M.Banks, eds (2004)Handbook of research on multicultural education, 2nd ed.SanFrancisco: Jossey-Bass.
[5]. Banks, J. A. (1996).Multicultural education, transformative knowledge, and action: Historical and contemporary perspectives. New York: Teachers College Press..

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Career Progress Requirements Stress and Job Effectiveness of Federal University Lecturers in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States, Nigeria
Country : Nigeria.
Authors : Usoro, Abosede Abimbola (Ph.D) || Effiong, Charles (Ph.D) || Udongwo, Udeme (Ph.D)
: 10.9790/0837-2306096674    logo

Abstract: This study investigates career progress requirement stress and the job effectiveness of Federal University Lecturers in Cross River and Akwa Ibom states. The study adopted the Cross sectional research design. The stratified random sample technique was employed and a sample size of 584 lecturers was used for the study. Job Stress Scale and Job Effectiveness questionnaires were administered. Data generated were analysed using simple percentages for demographic data, and One Way Analysis of Variance to test the hypothesis. The findings revealed that stress from career progress requirements do not influence job effectiveness at all. The study recommended among other measures that, university administration should provide facilities for a research conducive environment. Also inflation sensitive compensation package should be designed for universities so as to avert strikes and make long term vacation possible for research purposes.


Keywords: job stress, job effectiveness, university lecturers.

[1]. Agulanna, E. C. (2007). Executive stress: Managing the manager for survival. Owerri: Joe Mankpa Publishers.
[2]. Anyaduba, J. O. (2004). An analysis of job stress presentation among Nigeria‟s work force. Journal of Management Enterprise Development, 1(1), 58-64.
[3]. Aregbeyen, O. (2010). Students‟ perceptions of effective teaching and effective lecturer characteristics at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 62-69.
[4]. Babbie, E. (2007). The practice of social research. Belmont: Wadsworth Cengage Learning

[5]. Boyd, P. D. & Grumpet, D. E. (1983). Growing concerns: Coping with entrepreneurial stress. Harvard Business Review, 61(2), 46-56.