IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

June - 2018 Volume 23 - Issue 6

Version 1 Version 2 Version 3 Version 4 Version 5 Version 6 Version 7 Version 8 Version 9

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Study on Socio Economic Conditions of the Women Domestic Workers at Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu
Country : India
Authors : Ms.S.Thilaka
: 10.9790/0837-2306040110     logo

Abstract: Women have always been contributing to the economy to achieve remarkable progress. But it is the gender prejudice that still prevails at every social division, although in the most educated and developed society. It is also unable to absorb this noticeable participation of women in all spheres of her life. In some regions, male-biased societies reduce the part of women in significant matters in the economy and also in the family. This paper focuses on the socio economic conditions of the women domestic workers in Tiruchirappalli Town. The aim of the study is to bring out the problems faced by the women domestic workers. As the population is infinite, the researcher had used the non-probability sampling and adopted convenient sampling method for collecting the sample. Fifty women domestic...........

[1]. Tripathy S.N. (1996) " Women Labour in Construction Sector, A Study in Orissa‟ in S.N Tripathy (Ed), " Unorganized Women Labour in India‟, New Delhi, Discovery publishing house, pp. 92-98.
[2]. Hondagneu and Sotelo. P (1994), "Regulating the Unregulated? Domestic Workers‟, Social Problems, Vol.41, Issue1, pp. 50-64
[3]. Shrayana Bhattacharya and Shalini Sinha, "Domestic Workers in India: Background and Issues‟, WIEGO India Law Project, 2009. (Unpublished paper written for the WIEGO Law Project, India).

[4]. Sindhu Menon, "The Domestic Worker Informal Sector: An Intersection of Caste, Religion and Language‟, Sanhati, October 27, 2010 retrieved from dated, 28 September, 2016

[5]. Nisha Varia, ""Sweeping Changes?" A Review of Recent Reforms on Protections for Migrant Domestic Workers in Asia and the Middle East‟, Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, January 2011, Vol. 23, No.1, pp. 265-287.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Human Rights Violation on Rohingya Women: Experience from a Refugee Camp in Bangladesh
Country : Bangladesh
Authors : Shaila Solaiman || Sinthia Chakma Krisna
: 10.9790/0837-2306041116    logo

Abstract: The Rohingya issue is not only evolving on identity crisis which leads to persecution and discrimination but also to the deprivation of fundamental human rights. Rohingya are the worst victim of state-sponsored oppression and discrimination in the modern world. This article will reflect the violation of fundamental human rights concerning Rohingya women and girls as they are the worst victim of state-sponsored oppression in Myanmar. At the same time, the study will proceed by considering the exclusionary policies of military government made the Rohingyas leave their homeland and fled to neighboring country Bangladesh, then consider the multiple challenges in shelter camp of different which are undocumented. Next will be an analysis of international human rights violations both in Rakhine state of Myanmar and shelter camp in Bangladesh and lastly the dimensions of humanitarian crisis.............


Key Words: Human Rights, Rohingya Women, Refugee, Myanmar conflict

[1]. Amnesty International. Myanmar The Rohingya Minority: Fundamental Rights Denied. 2004
[2]. United Nations High Commission for Refugees. Text of Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. 2012
[3]. Accessed on 28 February 2018,
[4]. Pugh CL, Is Citizenship the Answer? Constructions of Belonging and exclusion for the stateless Rohingya of Burma. COMPAS Working Paper No. 107, Oxford: Oxford University. 2013
[5]. The Independent. What‟s behind the persecution of Burma‟s Rohingya Muslims? 2016. on 28 February 2018;.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Formation and Transformational Rules of Question-Word Questions in Ibibio
Country : Nigeria
Authors : UnyimeUdoeyo || SharonOffiong || Prof Christopher Awonuga
: 10.9790/0837-2306041724    logo

Abstract: This paper aimed at examining the formation and transformational rules of question-word questions in Ibibio. It adopted a descriptive research method which involved both the primary and secondary sources. Data were collected through elicitation from four competent adult native Speakers of Ibibio, between the ages of 50 and 65. This study deployed the X-bar theory as the theoretical framework for data analysis. The analysis revealed that question-word questions in Ibibio are commonly derived from declarative constructions and are formed by the replacement of the subject or object of the declarative constructions with appropriate question-words. Investigation also revealed that the question-word of a subject question-word question requires no fronting. Whereas the question-word of an............


Key Words: Governance, Human , Resources, Financial, Audit

[1]. Celce-Murcia and Larsen-Freeman (1999). The Grammar Book: An ESL/EFL Teacher‟s Course. USA: Heinle Publishers.
[2]. Chomsky, N. (1981). Lectures on Government and Binding. Dordechi: Fons Publications
[3]. Connell, B. A. (1994). The Lower Cross Languages: A Prolegomena to the Classification of the Cross River Languages. The Journal of West African languages.xxiv (1),3-46.
[4]. Connell, B. A. (1987). Classification in lower Cross Language, A Prolegomena to the Classification of the Cross River Languages. The Journal of West African languages. vol. XXIV (24): pp. 3-47.
[5]. Cook, V. (1988). Chomsky's Universal Grammar. An Introduction. Britain: Blackwell.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Study on the Role of Freedom Fighters of Nagapattinam District in Indian National Army
Country : India
Authors : R. Alamelu, M.A. || Dr. D. Julius Vijayakumar
: 10.9790/0837-2306042528    logo

Abstract: Sub ash Chandra Bose, adopted a military approach to the movement by founding the Indian National Army was significant one. Freedom fighters of Nagapattinam District went to South East Asian countries for seeking fortune and joined INA. They played an important role in Indian National Army and they occupied important positions in the Indian National Army. They deserve our appreciation and praise for their good deeds. Future generation also should know about our courageous freedom fighter Subash Chandra Bose popularly known as Netaji. Freedom Fighters changed their life style for the cause of Nation..


Key Words: Indian National Army, Nagapattinam District, Freedom Fighters, Subash Chandra Bose

[1]. Bakshi. S.R., Indian freedom fighters struggle for Independence Vol 18 Subash Chandra Bose, Anmol publications New Delhi P 250 to 317.
[2]. Iyer. S.A., Story of the INA National Book Trust, New Delhi, India. P 42 to 98.
[3]. Pruthi. R.K., Subash Chandra Bose – His dream of free India, Rajat Publications, New Delhi, 2005. P 97 to 180.
[4]. Sisir K. Bose & Sugata Bose "The Essential writings of Netaji Subash Chandra Bose, Netaji Research Bureau, Calcutta. P 286 to 299.
[5]. India's struggle Quarter of a century 1921 – 1946 part II, A.C. Guha Publication Division, Ministry of Information and broad casting. P 616 to 652.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Influence of Parents' Alcohol and Drug Abuse on School Participation of Lower-Primary Schools Pupils in Meru South Sub-County, Kenya
Country : Kenya
Authors : Mutembei Rose Kanyua || Dr. Mugo, W. Juliet
: 10.9790/0837-2306042935    logo

Abstract: Parental alcohol and drugs abuse is a major health concern and detrimental to the general growth, development and learning of their children. Thus, the main purpose for the study was to determine to what extent parents‟ drug and alcohol abuse influenced school participation of their children in public lower-primary schools in Meru South Sub County in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya. The objectives of the study were: to establish the influence of alcohol and drug abuse on the school participation of early childhood pupils in lower-primary schools in terms of enrollment, class attendance and learning. The Ecological Systems Theory by Bronfenbrenner‟s (1979), guided the descriptive survey............


Key Words: Enrolment, Attendance, Learning activities and Interventions

[1]. Asuni, A. L. (2005). Effects of Cumulative Prenatal Substance Exposure and Environmental Risks on Children‟s Developmental Trajectories: Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30, 327-337.
[2]. Buckley, H. & Holt, (2007), "Listen to Me! Children‟s Experiences of Domestic Violence", Child Abuse Review, 16: 296-310.
[3]. Earls, F., Reich, W., Jung, K. G., & Cloninger, C. R. (1998). Psychopathology in Children of Alcoholic and Antisocial Parents. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 12:481-487
[4]. Garland, A. F., (2009). Caregiver Substance Abuse Among Maltreated Children Placed in Out-of-Home Care. Child Welfare, 78, 221- 239
[5]. Gitari, P. N. (2013 Influence of Domestic Violence on Child‟s Learning. A Case of Meru South Sub County Meru South District. Unpublished Med thesis. Kenya Methodist University

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Pre-primary Education in China inside the Motivation functional in Tanzanian Pre-primary Education
Country : China
Authors : Chacha Ghati || Professor Wang Hai Ying
: 10.9790/0837-2306043641    logo

Abstract: The heart of pre-primary education as early childhood program are young children, who are generally wonderfully engaging in a different part of activities because of their own refreshment. However, in the broadmeaning, the activities that they do engaged to the do have a positive and negative impact on the dimension of the understanding, physical development, socially understanding as well as culturally. Thiscomes to the reality that if we provide an excellent and suitable environment which is nurtured and not destroyed or corrupted. Children are eager to learn in a tranquil and peaceful place with and high capacity curiosity of discovering things of their own. On the other hand, this eagerness can be turned down if they are overwhelmed by the environmentally inappropriate experience. This experience leads to a very crucial way to establish a good foundation for all areas of development........


Key Words: Pre-primary, Program type, teamwork, quality of the program, curriculum

[1]. Annette Lareau 2011. Unequal Childhood. Class, Race and Families life. Second edition with up-to-date a Decade Later.
[2]. Eva L Essa, 2014. Introduction to Early Childhood Education, 4th edition. (Annotated student‟s edition) University of Nevada, Reno. Jenny Littlewood .J Child Health Care 1998.Mothers' understanding of their Children's bodies.
[3]. LAN GAO 2007. Early Childhood Education,AnInternationalEncyclopedia, Edited by Rebecca S. New and Moncrieff Cochran
[4]. Wei Lei-Chin 2007. Early Childhood Education,AnInternationalEncyclopedia, Edited by Rebecca S. New and Moncrieff Cochran
[5]. Xin Zhou 2007. Early Childhood Education, AnInternationalEncyclopedia, Edited by Rebecca S. New and Moncrieff Cochran XueqinQiu 2007

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Method of Istinbath Law in Lajnah Bahtsul Masail (LBM) Dayah MUDI Mesa Salamanga Aceh, Indonesia
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Yasir Nasution || Pagar || Abdullah
: 10.9790/0837-2306044248    logo

Abstract: Every istinbath in Shari'a should stand on the Qur'an and as-Sunnah. The Qur'an is the first and foremost source of Islamic doctrine and law. In addition, the main purpose of the Qur'an is derived as a guide for man and the main grip in carrying out his functions as a servant as well as a khalifah of Allah on earth. In relation to the position and function of the Qur'an mentioned above, the Qur'an must be understood and implemented in the life of Muslims in various contexts, both worship and muamalah. The istinbath method used by LBM in Dayah Mudi Mesra Samalanga Aceh is the first source of the Qur'an and the main teachings in Islamic law. In addition, the main purpose of the Qur'an is derived as a guide for man and the main grip in carrying out his functions as a servant as well as a khalifah of Allah on earth..


Key Words: Al Qu'ran; Istinbath; Islamic law; Moslem

[1]. Ali, Muhammad Daud, Hukum Islam: Pengantar Ilmu Hukum dan Tata Hukum di Indonesia, Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2006
[2]. Ali as-Shabuni, Rawa'i al-Bayan Tafsir Ayat al-Ahkam min alQur'an, Juz I, Beirut: Ali al-Kutub,1987
[3]. Al-Ghazali, Ihya `Ulūmuddin, h. 58, dalam Rusjdi Ali Muhammad, Revitalisasi Syari'at Islam di Aceh, Cet. I, Jakarta: Logos, Wacana, 2003
[4]. Al-Hafȋdh Imaduddin Abu al-Fida Ismail Ibnu Katsir, Tafsȋr Ibnu Katsir, Beirut: Muasasah al-Kutub ats-Tsiqafiyah, 1993
[5]. Al-Syathibi, Al-Muwafaqat Usul al-Syari'ah, Jld. II, Makkah: Dar al-Baz, t.t

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Relationship between Performance Expectancy and Use of New Media in Scholarly Communication by Academic Staff in Public Universities in Kenya
Country : Kenya
Authors : Masaya Hillary Chakava || Hellen Kinoti Mberia || George Gatero
: 10.9790/0837-2306044959    logo

Abstract: Scholarly communication is integral to the research process and to the development of knowledge. Traditionally, research has been published in print journals which continue to be the preferred channel, especially in developing countries like Kenya. Lately, the academic publishing industry is grappling with disruption brought about by digital media. Scholarly communication is changing with the growth of new media technologies and these changes are impacting on all members of the academic community and on how they go about creating and maintaining scholarship. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of performance expectancy on the use of new media in scholarly communication by university academic staff in Kenya. The study used the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) as a theoretical basis to conduct empirical research testing of the influence............


Key Words: New media Scholarly communication Performance expectancy

[1]. Chakava HM. Scholarly publishing as a bridge to Kenya's Vision 2030. International Journal of Professional Studies2012; 3: 283-291.
[2]. Ezema IJ. Journal impact factors and the crisis of scholarly communication in Africa: the dilemma of Nigerian academics. Library Review J. 2009; 59: 350-359.
[3]. Chakava H. Scholarly publishing in Africa: the perspective of an East African commercial and textbook publisher. In A Mlambo (ed)African scholarly publishing. Hans Zell Publishing; Lochcarron, Scotland, 2007, pp. 66-75.
[4]. Ocholla DN andOcholla, L. Research in library and information science in South Africa: an analysis of journal research output from 1993-2006. Paper presented at the World Library and Information Congress: 73rd IFLA General Conference and Council, 19-23 August, Durban South Africa, 2007. Available at:

[5]. Olukoju A. The crisis of research and academic publishing in Nigerian Universities. In PT Zeleza and A Olukoshi, (eds). Africa Universities in the Twenty-First Century, Vol 2, CODESRIA, Dakar, 2004, pp. 363-75.
[6]. Ilieva E and Chakava HM. East African Publishing and the Academia. In K Kiarie& K Mitambo. (eds) Coming of Age: Strides in African Publishing. Nairobi: EAEP, 2016, pp 106-128.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Childhood Overweight: Unexpected Nutritional Outcome by Trained Community Health Workers in a Rural Setting in Kisumu County, Kenya
Country : Kenya
Authors : Sawe Caroline J || Kogi-Makau W || Ettyang Grace A. K || Kimamo Charles O
: 10.9790/0837-2306046069    logo

Abstract: Globally, an estimated 19 million children are malnourished. The prevalence of child overweight is rising in Low and Middle-Income countries and is no longer associated with socio economic elite in the society. It predisposes children to adulthood obesity, psychological morbidity and increases the prevalence of non-communicable diseases. The potential of using Community Health Workers to implement the Timed and Targeted counselling intervention was evaluated in Kisumu County. Through home visits, trained CHWs targeted children below two years of age and gave their caregivers key nutrition messages that were most relevant during child's growth that enabled them make best possible nutrition choice. Child's overweight status were computed at baseline (before) and endline (after) at areas with and without the intervention. The study assessed the impact of the trained CHWs........


Key Words: Overweight, Timed and Targeted counselling, Community Health Workers

[1]. Lobstein T, Baur L, Uauy R. Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obesity reviews 2004;5(s1):4-85.
[2]. Freedman DS, Khan LK, Dietz WH, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS. Relationship of childhood obesity to coronary heart disease risk factors in adulthood: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Pediatrics 2001;108(3):712-8.
[3]. Monteiro CA, Conde WL, Popkin BM. The Burden of Disease From Undernutrition and Overnutrition in Countries Undergoing Rapid Nutrition Transition: A View From Brazil. American Journal of Public Health 2004;94(3):433-4.
[4]. Lutfiyya MN, Lipsky MS, Wisdom‐Behounek J, Inpanbutr‐Martinkus M. Is rural residency a risk factor for overweight and obesity for US children? Obesity 2007;15(9):2348-56.
[5]. Lachat C, Otchere S, Roberfroid D, Abdulai A, Seret FMA, Milesevic J, et al. Diet and physical activity for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases in low-and middle-income countries: a systematic policy review. PLoS Med 2013;10(6):e1001465.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Communication Strategy of Regional Office Ministry of Religion in Realizing Grand Design in Madrasah, North Sumatera, Indonesia
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Syukur Kholil || Ahmad Tamrin Sikumbang || Soritua Harahap
: 10.9790/0837-2306047075    logo

Abstract: This article examines the: 1. Communication strategy of the Regional Office of the Ministry of Religious Affairs of North Sumatra in realizing the grand design of the madrasah; 2. Implementation of communication strategy of Regional Office of Ministry of Religion in realizing grand design of madrasah in North Sumatra; and 3.The effectiveness of communication strategy of Regional Office of Ministry of Religion in realizing grand design of madrasah in North Sumatera. The method of this research is qualitative descriptive. Data were collected through interviews, observations and documentation studies. The results revealed that the communication strategy conducted by.........


Key Words: communication strategy; madrasah; grand design

[1]. Astiti, A.A. Sri. "Grand Design Sistem Informasi/Teknologi Informasi Lembaga Administrasi Negara" dalam Jurnal Knowledge Sharing Forum LAN 2013.
[2]. Cangara, Hafied. Perencanaan Komunikasi. Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2013.
[3]. Devito, Joseph A. Komunikasi Antar Manusia. Jakarta: Professional Book, 1997.
[4]. Effendi, Onong Uchjana. Ilmu Komunikasi Teori dan Praktek. Bandung:Remaja Rosdakarya, 2004.
[5]. _________. Dinamika Komunikasi. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya, 2002

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Contribution of Tong A Fie in Creating Religious Harmony in North Sumatera, Medan, Indonesia
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Syahrin Harahap || Amroeni Drajat || Hasna Nasution
: 10.9790/0837-2306047681    logo

Abstract: Religion is the basic need of every human being who has a tendency to submit and obey God in his life.In Medan TjongA Fie socializes widely and is known as a merciful and very generous trader, he maintains good relationship with many religions. He gave many contribution to some people with many religions by helping to build the places of worship such as mosque; church; Buddhist temple in term of money, land, building railway station, etc.The kindness of A Fie is famous until the whole of North Sumatra without distinguishing tribe, religion and race..


Key Words: religion; harmony; society; worship

[1]. BrownislawMalionowski, 1967. A Functional Theory of Culture. Belanda: Belanda of History.
[2]. C.J. Ducasse, 1988. Philoshopy of Art. Beijing: Guanming Daily Press.
[3]. Ding Wangdao, 2007. The Konfucianisme and Taoisme, China: Foreign Language Press.
[4]. Fu Chunjiang, 2010. Origins of Chinese Culture. Singapore: Asiapacs Books PTE LTD.
[5]. Gin Djin Su, 1964. Chinese Architecture: Last and Contemporer. Hongkong: The Sinpoh Amalgamated ltd.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Role of Universities in Modernization of West Sumatra, Indonesia
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Novi Hendri
: 10.9790/0837-2306048288    logo

Abstract: The ability of students to apply justice in the organization; such as the appointment of organizational leaders who do not distinguish the origin of the region, tribe, other organizations, including gender differences. Students of West Sumatra have a dynamic worldview in internalizing the values of modernity. Students of West Sumatra have good ideals and future. Confidence and ability possessed, students have competitiveness in creating and gaining employment. In contrast to college students in college, it seems that students in religious colleges experience problems in the matter of competitiveness. The low ideals and low self-esteem make them fear of global competition..


Key Words: Al Quran; modernization; university; society

[1]. Al-Gazali, A.M. Bayu. 2007. Analisis Sosial Kritis Buku "Idealisme Perempuan Indonesia dan Amerika 1920-1940" Karya Abbas. Makalah. Makasar: Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Hasannudin.
[2]. Chasanah, dkk, 2009. Konstruksi Ideologi Patriarki Dalam Karya – Karya Perempuan Pengarang Indonesia Mutakhir.
[3]. Coser, L.A., et all. 1991. Introduction to Sociology. Edisi ke-3. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publisher.
[4]. Darma, Budi. 2004. Pengantar Teori Sastra. Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.
[5]. Darsono. 2006. Citra Perempuan Dan Relasi Gender Dalam Novel-novel Sastra Indonesia Mutakhir Karya Para". Indonesia scince dan Teknology digital library.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Demystifying and DispellingStereotypes and Myths Related to Visual Impairment
Country : Swaziland
Authors : Dhemba Ishmael || Dhemba Regina
: 10.9790/0837-2306048998    logo

Abstract: Considering that with the absence of visual input, as Salleh & Zainal (2010) explain, one is already deprived of about 85% of learning accomplishments, which naturally come through sight, the condition of visual impairment (VI) is, therefore, a very serious limitation one can ever endure. Since people from different cultural backgrounds have different understandingof disability, most sighted people also believe that the condition of VI evokes unprecedented awkwardness. Also due to their attitudes, which are predominantly negative towards this sensory condition, persons with sight loss are generally removed from the realm of mainstream spaces. Seeing one with a VI, as The American Association of University Women (AAUW) (2014) observes, people just develop unfounded judgement. Such judgements have...........


Key Words: Adventitious Blindness, Congenital Blindness, Demystify, Discrimination, Dispel, Goggles, Mainstream, Misconception, Myths, Navigation, Orientation and Mobility, Peripatologists, Stereotype, Stigmatisation, Supernatural, Visual Impairment, White Cane

[1]. Barker, J., & Weller, S. (2003). Never work with children: The geography of methodological issues in research with children. London: Sage.
[2]. Bolt, D. (2006). Beneficial Blindness: Literary Representation and the So-Called Positive Stereotyping of People with Impaired Vision. Journal of Disability Studies; Retrieved from http://pf7d7vi404s1dxh27mla
[3]. Brown, C.M., Packer, T.L., & Passmore, A. (2011). Adequacy of the regular early education classroom environment for students with visual impairment. The Journal of Special Education, 46 (4),223-232.
[4]. Chandler, E. and Worsfold, J. (2013). Understanding the requirements of geographical data for blind and partially sighted people to make journeys more